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SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - I AM SOPHIA - CAROLINA KENNEDIA
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - THE MADONNA - PERPETUAL VIRGIN
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - DEL CORNARDO - WHERE AND HOW I LIVE
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - SPIRITUAL MARRIAGE
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - PROPECHIES - DEAD SEA SCROLLS
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME ARISTOBULUS III - CLAYTON ALEXANDER MCRORY KENNEDY
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME ANTI-PATER III-THE MESSIAH-JOHAN M. VANDERMEER KENNEDY,JR.
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - BC 1 - 1 AD WHY?
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - THE STOCK MARKET
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - OPEC - PRICE OF CRUDE OIL PER BARREL PER DAY HISTORY
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - OPEC - PRICE OF CRUDE OIL PER BARREL PER DAY - CRON OCT 08
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SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - TABLE OF CONTENTS - INDEX
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SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - A __________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - ANCIENT BEADS AND ARTIFACTS
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - ANCIENT MAGIC
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - ANGELS
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - ANGELS & DEMONS - EVIDENCE OF STALKING FOR SEEDS OF LIFE
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - AWAKENING MUSIC
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - ALTRA HASIS FLOOD - MAMI - CAROLYN BESSETTE MESSINA
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - B ___________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - C __________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - CAROLINE B. KENNEDY
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - CAROLINE E. MACDONALD - CRIVELLI - CERVANTES - KENNEDY
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME -CAROLYN BESSETTE MESSINA KENNEDY- MAMI-ALTRA HASIS FLOOD
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - CAROLYN BESSETTE - MESSINA - KENNEDY
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - D __________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - DEAD SEA SCROLL PROPHECIES ABOUT THE MESSIAH
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - DUNSMUIR HOUSE & GARDENS - VOLUNTEERED HOURS - DOCENT
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - DUNSMUIR HOUSE GARDENS
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - DR. RICHARD FREEMAN
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - E ___________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - F _________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - FAMILY TITLES
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SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - GOVERNOR OF CALIFORNIA
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - H __________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HEROD THE GREAT - 1BC - 1 AD?
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - HONORS
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - HONORS FROM SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - CAROLINA KENNEDIA
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - HOLY RELICS FOR CAROLINA KENNEDIA
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - HOLY SITES VISITED BY CAROLINA KENNEDIA
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - USS HORNET - VOLTEERED HOURS - DOCENT
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - I __________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - ISIS OF 10,000 NAMES = CAROLINE E. KENNEDY, JR.
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - J ___________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - FIRST LADY JACQUELINE B. KENNEDY
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY - DREAM FORFILLED - HORNET
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY - ARCHIVES
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY - MAIMONIDES
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY - MEDICAL RECORDS
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - JOHN F. KENNEDY, JR
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - JOHN F. KENNEDY, JR. - AMAZING GRACE
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - JOHN F. KENNEDY, JR - CRASH INFO
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - JOHN F. KENNEDY, JR. - LAST WILL & TESTMENT
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - L __________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME LEMURIA - MU - LOST CONTENTIENT - THE CRANDLE OF MANKIND
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - LUIS ALVERAZ - SOPHIA OF WISDOM - HONORS
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - LIBRARY OF CONGRESS STATEMENT
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - ETHEL KENNEDY - MCLEAN
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - MT. WILSON IN SAN GABRIEL - CITY OF ANGELS
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - PERPETUAL VIRGIN - SOPHIA CAROLINA KENNEDIA - CARRAMIA
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - S ____________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - SARAH PALIN - DOWN SYNDROME
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - 9/11 - 2008 - 8 AM
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - 9 2 2008 - 3 PM
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - T ___________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - U ___________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - USS HORNET - VOLUNTEERED HOURS - DOCENT
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - W ___________
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - WOMAN WAR CRIMINALS - CAROLYN BESSETTE MESSINA KENNEDY
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - WOMAN WAR CRIMINALS - THE WHORES OF BABYLON
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SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - SECTION
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THE MISSION OF THE NEW EVE
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - NEW GOSPEL FROM THE DIVINE MOTHER - THE MADONNA
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - SOPHIA
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - SPACE TIME - SOPHIA'S FOETUS
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LAW LIBRARY - HOME - THE EARTH IS THE CENTER OF THE UNIVERSE
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WISDOM III - ANGELS & DEMONS 1
 

JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

 
JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

ANGELS & DEMONS - THIS IS SHARI COOK DAY BROBECK SHE AND CAROLYN BESSETTE MESSINA NOT KENNEDY  HAVE BEEN THE DRIVING FORCE IN ALL THE EVIL IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSE AND I WILL EXPLAIN HOW IN THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES BUT FOR NOW KNOW THIS PICTURE KEEPS THEM IN CKECK

 
 
JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

ANGELS & DEMONS - THIS IS SHARI COOK DAY BROBECK SHE AND CAROLYN BESSETTE MESSINA NOT KENNEDY  HAVE BEEN THE DRIVING FORCE IN ALL THE EVIL IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSE AND I WILL EXPLAIN HOW IN THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES BUT FOR NOW KNOW THIS PICTURE KEEPS THEM IN CKECK

JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

ANGELS & DEMONS - THIS IS SHARI COOK DAY BROBECK SHE AND CAROLYN BESSETTE MESSINA NOT KENNEDY  HAVE BEEN THE DRIVING FORCE IN ALL THE EVIL IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSE AND I WILL EXPLAIN HOW IN THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES BUT FOR NOW KNOW THIS PICTURE KEEPS THEM IN CKECK

 

JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

ANGELS & DEMONS - THIS IS SHARI COOK DAY BROBECK SHE AND CAROLYN BESSETTE MESSINA NOT KENNEDY  HAVE BEEN THE DRIVING FORCE IN ALL THE EVIL IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSE AND I WILL EXPLAIN HOW IN THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES BUT FOR NOW KNOW THIS PICTURE KEEPS THEM IN CKECK

BROOKHAVEN LABS - SEE BEVEATRON MODEL THE BIG CIRCLE http://www.webspawner.com/users/brookhaven7/index.html CLICK HERE

JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

THE FOLLOWING WEBSITE IS PRESENTED IN THE PUBLIC'S INTEREST NOT THEIR LIKES OF DISLIKES SO DO NOT REMOVE ANYTHING BECAUSE IT DOES IT SOUND RIGHT OR YOU THINK I MAY LOOK FOOLISH AND IF SOMETHING DOES CHANGE THAT I DIDN'T DO I WILL KNOW IT SOMEONE WHO HAS ACCESS TO THE ONE WORLD ORDER PROGRAM THAT SHARI AND CAROLYN HAVE STOLEN FROM ME AND GIVEN YOU ACCESS TO BY VIEWING MY COMPUTER LIVE WHEN EVER I DO SOMETHING MEANS I AM SPEAKING TO YOU

 

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JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

HOLY SITES - HERE IS HOW ONE MAY CONTACT ME FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR LAWSUITS WHICH PROVE I AM THE PERSON I SAY I AM CAROLINE E. KENNEDY
 
JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE  
 
- ANCIENT MAGIC - ID OF IMPOSTER OF ST. BERNADETTE AND POSING AS THE LADY CALLED VIRGIN MARY THAT BERNADETTE SAW - BERBADETTE WAS THE SEEDS OF LIFE - THE GOD OF ALL GODS SHE WAS THE VIRGIN MARY ON EARTH - SO VINCENT PRICE THE MAN IN THE MOVIE OF ST. BERNADETTE SAID SHE COULDN'T BE BOTH - BUT WHAT BERNADETTE DIDN'T KNOW WAS SOMEONE STOLE HER BODY FORM AND DIDN'T TELL HER SHE WAS THE GOD OF ALL GODS THE SEEDS OF LIFE - THE WOMAN WAR CRIMINALS - THE ANRY ONES FOLLOW THE SEEDS OF LIFE THROUGH HER MANY LIFE TIMES FOR HER SEEDS AND TO FAN THEIR BEAUTY AND POWER OVER THE UNIVERSE HENCE ISIS OF 10,000 NAMES - THIS PERSON IS CALLED THE ANTI-CHRIST WHO KNOWS THIS AND LIES AND STEALS  FROM THE MOTHER TO HAVE THE FATHER FOR ULTIMATE POWER 
 
 
JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

BY THE WAY GEORGIE HOW AM I DOING AND DO THE PRESIDENTAL CANDIATES HAVE THE DIVINE RIGHT LINAGE TO BE PRESIDENT?  AND WHAT IS THEIR THOUGHTS ON HOW TO BAIL OUT THE STOCK MARKET?  I HAVE A PLAN AND WILL TALK ABOUT THAT LATER SO MY SPARTAN WORRIOR YOU MAY LEAVE YOU POST IN PEACE AND THANK YOU LAURA FOR HOLDING MY POSITION AS THE GOD OF THE ALL GODS

 

JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

 

JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

 

JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE

ALL PRESIDENTS VISITED BY THE HOLY SPIRIT - SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - CAROLINE E. KENNEDY - CAROLINA KENNEDIA - EZRA - KARAK - KINGDOM OF HEAVEN - ALL PRESIDENTS VISITED BY THE HOLY SPIRIT http://allpresidentscmv.tripod.com/ CLICK HERE

 
JUDGEMENT DAY IS EVERYDAY http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id8.html CLICK HERE
CRIVELLI - VISCONTI - STUART CAROLINA E. KENNEDY - CAROLINA KENNEDIA
 

ANGELS & DEMONS

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LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
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SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - YOU ARE MADE OF ME

 

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - ANGELS & DEMONS 7


LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
THE SOPHIA OF ALL THE SOPHIA OF WISDOMS
AKA
CAROLINE E. KENNEDY - CAROLINA KENNEDIA
 
JUL 22 2008
 
RE: ANGELS & DEMONS = EVIDENCE FOR THE BOOK

MR. ALVAREZ HAS BEEN INVOLVED BECAUSE SOMETHING WAS WRONG WITH HIS GRANDDAUGTHER NINA ALVES

HE COULDN'T FIGURE OUT WHY SHE COULDN'T READ ANY MORE SHE DIDN'T LOOK ANY DIFFERENT BUT SHE ACTED OLDER

HE FOUND IN 2004 HE FOUND OUT THAT SHE WAS IN THE ILLUMINATI

HE DID SOME INVESTIGATING AND GOT HOLD OF WILLIAM MORRIS BROBECK'S WORK ON THE BEVEATRON AND THIS IS WHERE IS STORY BEGINS

HE ALSO TALED WITH ORION TECHNOLOGY AND THIS IS WHEN HE WAS ABLE TO GET HOLD OF NINA AND SEND HER FORWARD TO THE YEAR 10,000AD

SEE BELOW FOR THIS QUESTION AND ANSWER SHEET

HE ALSO HAD TO GO BACK AND FORTH IN TIME TO CREATE THE CHAMBER WHICH HELD MY SEEDS OF LIFE AND THIS IS HOW HE WAS ABLE TO WIN THE NOBEL PRIZE FOR HIS WORK REGARDING BOTH NINA ALVES AND CAROLINE E. KENNEDY AKA SOPHIA OF WISDOM III


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LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
GUEST BOOK FOR SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - CAROLINE E. KENNEDY
PICTURE FOR THIS SITE

Luis W. Alvarez (June 13, 1911September 1, 1988), San Francisco, California, USA, was a famed American Nobel Prize-winning physicist of Spanish and Cuban descent, who spent nearly all of his long professional career on the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley.

He was the son of famed physician Walter C. Alvarez and grandson of Luis F. Alvarez, who worked as a doctor in Hawaii and developed a method for the better diagnosis of macular leprosy. His aunt, Mabel Alvarez, was a California artist who specialized in oil painting. His son, Walter Alvarez, is a noted Professor of Geology at the University of California, Berkeley.

Alvarez attended the University of Chicago, where he received his bachelor's degree in 1932, his master's degree in 1934, and his PhD in 1936.

During World War II, Alvarez was a key participant in the Manhattan Project including Project Alberta on the dropping of the bomb, and in war projects in general. He flew as a scientific observer of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on The Great Artiste.

Alvarez and his student Lawrence Johnston designed the exploding-bridgewire detonators for the spherical implosives used on the Trinity and Nagasaki bombs[1].

In addition to weaponry-related projects, he also did important work relating to radar and navigation technologies. In particular, he received the 1945 Collier Trophy, the highest government honor in aviation, for developing the Ground Controlled Approach system (GCA), which pilots can use to land a plane in low visibility conditions. After the war he went on to invent the synchrotron.

Later in his career, Alvarez won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for "the discovery of a large number of resonance states, made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis". This research was significant because it allowed scientists to record and study the short lived particles created in particle accelerators.

In 1980, he and his son, Walter, presented the asteroid-impact theory as an explanation for the presence of an unusual abundance of iridium associated with the geological event referred to as the K-T extinction boundary. Ten years after this initial proposal, evidence of a huge impact crater called Chicxulub off the coast of Mexico strongly confirmed their theory. Since that time, the concept of impact by an extraterrestrial body has become the most widely accepted explanation for the extinction of the dinosaurs.

Alvarez also proposed a jet-recoil theory for the Kennedy assassination to explain why John F. Kennedy's head jerked backwards if Lee Harvey Oswald, shooting from behind the president, was the assassin.

In 1978, he was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

SEE LINK http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luis_Alvarez

ORION TECHNOLOGY AND OTHER SECRET PROJECTS

by Valdamar Valerian (c) 1992

Introduction

This report was constructed from over 9 hours of video interviews, personal interviews and individual commentary. It is structured in an open question-answer format, without regard to who is asking the question and who is answering; this format also allows insertion of other data in the later part of the report in the same open Q&A format. The data is not proven or verified, but is reported as received. This report contains information on the following: The Philadelphia Project, or Project Rainbow, Phoenix Projects 1-3, origins of the Radiosonde and connections with the work of Wilhelm Reich, government weather control programs and hidden agenda, the Montauk Hind Control projects, the deliberate murder of thousands of American children in mind control research and time tunnel experiments, government time-tunnel projects and operational procedures, how Nickola Tesla and Von Neumann contributed to these projects, the "martyrdom clause", mind control by individual signature, technical ways to produce planetary holograms and Matreiya effects, the explanation behind closed time loops, government rationale and plans for the confinement camps and slave labor, Project Dreamscan, Project Moonscan, the Airborne Instrument Labs, Project Mindwrecker, the alien groups known as the Kondrashkin and their interaction with US Government mind control programs, the Kamogol II and Giza Groups, the negative Sirians, Soviet scalar weaponry, Orion Group manipulations, 6th root race incarnations, telepathy producing drugs and their use and suppression, the FAA and zero-time generators, technical spin-offs from the Philadelphia project, the International Aerospace Alliance, cross-section of implant device, Wilhelm Reich and mind control, Reichian Orgastic-type programming and its use by the US Government and Sirians, the Psi-Corps, Alien soul-trading, Montauk and the aliens from the Antares system, the Leverons, the Elohim Group, the US Navy and time-tunnel projects, the US Government and the Greys, electronic life support,systems of the Reptilian Humanoids, new life form masses over the poles and their relation to yearly outbreaks of flu-like disease, AIDS and Fort Dietrick (NSA), Maglev trains and the US underground tunnel network, the missing human genes, buried spacecraft and alien technical archives under the Giza pyramid, the coming new money, the "Black Nobility", Nordic and human copper based blood systems and physiology, the technology of cloning and the development of synthetic humans and political replacement programs, the Middle East situation, Congressional awareness of drug and alien agenda, the MIB, the US Army and the black helicopter forces, government mobile mind disruption technology, nature and purposes and the Orion Group, fourth density transmutation of the human race, geological changes, Sirian Mind Control technology, and more, along with illustrations gleaned from witnesses with photographic memory and a lot of courage. This information is supplementary to that in Chapter 7 (Matrix III).

The Interviews

Where do you want to start?

Let's start with the Phoenix Project.

It was a project that evolved out of the Philadelphia Project. it was a project that the Navy did in the 1930's and 1940's in an attempt to make ships invisible. They threw the switch one eventful day and the ship went into hyperspace. They had all sorts of problems with the people on the boat. It was a huge success as well as a huge failure - then they shelved it. Around 1947 it was decided to re-activate the project and it was moved to Brookhaven National Laboratories with Dr. John Von Neumann and his associates. Out of Phoenix I came Stealth technology, which I cannot talk about because of my job. It also produced all sorts of energetic little toys like the radiosonde.

What is a radiosonde?

Well, in all appearances it was a little white box that they attached to a balloon and sent up into the atmosphere. The government told people that it involved gathering weather data. It used a very unusual type of pulse modulation. In most cases they used a CW (continuous wave) oscillator and pulsed the signal. This turned out to be a very efficient conversion of electrical energy to etheric energy. I very recently started collecting radiosondes. I never saw a receiver. I found out that they were designed up at Brookhaven National Labs. I started to talk to people at Brookhaven and ran into a retired gentleman who used to work there. He told me that the design was originally done by Wilhelm Reich. That peaked my interest. The story goes that in about 1947 Wilhelm Reich handed the US Government a weather control device, a device that would do DOR-busting. Reich thought that if he could decrease the amount of DOR that storms would not be so violent. (DOR is the result of orgone energy coming into contact with an enclosed radioactive source. This produces a Deadly Orgone Energy - DOR - which threatens life. It is also produced in the atmosphere through other processes. The government sent the device up there into a storm and it did reduce the intensity of the storm. The government liked it, and they started another phase of the Phoenix project where they designed these "radiosondes" and started launching them in large numbers, maybe 200 to 500 per day. The radio in these things had a range of about 1oo miles. If they used so many of them, one would think that receivers for them would be common-place. I used to be a collector of radio receivers. I have over 100 in my personal collection. I have never seen a radiosonde receiver. I have heard of them but I have never seen them.

What are the frequencies used?

The frequencies used are 403 MHz and 1680 MHz. They used two different frequencies.

They are both on at the same time?

No. One or the other was used at any one time. The earlier ones used 403 MHz plus or minus 2 MHz. The later ones used 1680 MHZ, plus or minus 6 MHz. The "thermistor" in them had gold, silver, platinum and iridium in it. Reich used sensors that had gold and silver in them. The humidity element is a plastic plate with silver around the rim and conductive lines going across the plate. They put a very unusual mixture of chemicals on this plate. Unlike most humistors, the resistance went up as it got damp.

What we're theorizing at this point is that the "thermistor" (temperature sensing) rod acts like a DOR antenna out-of-phase. The "humidity sensor" acts as an antenna for the orgone; The pressure sensor is essentially what they call a barrel switch, which is a pressure sensitive cycling switch. The device would destroy DOR and build up the orgone. The transmitter consisted of two oscillators, one of which would run at the carrier frequency (403 or 1680) and a second one which was a 7 MHz oscillator hooked into the grid of the carrier oscillator. The result was that the 7 MHZ oscillator would pulse on and off.

How does all this relate to what was going on with these other projects?

The government could not tell the public these were weather control devices. What we are seeing here is actually the genesis of what became the Montauk project, which was a combination of Wilhelm Reich's work and the Philadelphia Experiment. There were two separate projects going on in Phoenix One. You had the invisibility aspect and you had the development of Wilhelm Reich's weather control. Toward the end of the Phoenix project, by using some of Wilhelm Reich's concepts and some of the transmission schemes used from the "radiosonde" project, they found that you could combine the two -factors and use them for MIND CONTROL. Government circles would have me say "mood alteration", but mind control is what these idiots were doing.

That's what the Montauk project was?

No. Phoenix One. After political circles found out about it they wanted it shut down. The people that were running it went to the military and proposed that they could use it to "influence the minds of the enemy". The military loved the idea, and let them use the old Montauk Air Force Base. Among the equipment requested was an old SAGE radar unit, which was on the base. The base was shut down and everything was auctioned off. The group then moved in from the Brookhaven Labs. That began what we call Phoenix Two. They spent the first ten years, from about 1969 to about 1979, researching pure mind control. They started out by taking the output of the SAGE radar, modulating the special wave that Reich had showed them from the weather control process, and combined that with something noticed from the Philadelphia Experiment work. They transmitted about 406 MHz. It would hop around frequencies and change in phase. They used the amplidine concept where you have many stages pulse-modulated. BRF was from 10 cycles to 750 cycles. The pulse width could be varied anywhere from 10 to 75ms. The center frequency was 406MHz generated from a stay-low type function which was referenced from a zero-time function.

Was there any other modulation on this?

There was frequency hopping on it.

So Phoenix Two started in 1969?

Yes, in the period from 1969 to 1971. Phoenix One went from 1948 to 1968. The first part of the mind control project was to take an individual and stand them about 250 feet away from the antenna. The SAGE radar had a peak pulse power of .5 MW. The antenna had a gain of 30db. That means an effective radiated power of at least a gigawatt. It was nominally a gigawatt. Can you imagine what that would do to people? I think its amazing these people are still here. It does things like burn out brain functions, create neurological damage, scar lungs from heat, etc. They tried this with a number of people and there were few survivors.

Where did they get the volunteers for this?

They were just grabbing indigent people off the street and throwing them in front of the radar beam. That's the sort of nonsense that the government loves to do.

Who was in charge of the project at this time?

Dr. John Von Neumann and Jack Pruett.

Any particular agency?

I'm not sure what the agency was. Now, somebody got the brilliant idea to put the subjects directly in line with the gain horn of the antenna. Lo and behold they got their result without burning the people up. They found out that by varying the phase modulation and the frequency hopping and the pulsing of the multiple phases that they could have profound effects on a persons mind.

How many people worked at this installation?

About 30.

Who authorized them use of the base?

The Air Force and the Navy. It was a joint project. There were both Navy and Air Force personnel involved. We have copies of the orders for the Air Force personnel.

What was the cover story for the base?

They had none. It was a derelict base.

It was abandoned. It was turned over to GSA as surplus around 1969 or 1970 when they shut down all the SAGE radar systems.

It was a "non-existent" operation. it was a perfect cover.

Where did they get the funding?

It was totally private.

Corporations?

It didn't originally come from corporations, although it did in later phases. The original money came from the Nazi government.

This is Phoenix One?

No, this is Phoenix Two and Three. In 1944 there was an American troop train that went through a French railroad tunnel carrying $10 billion in Nazi gold which they had found. it was $10 billion at the 1944 price of $20 per ounce. The train was blown up in the tunnel. It killed 51 American soldiers. The gold turned up ten years later at Montauk. This has been verified. That money was used to finance the project for many years as the value of gold went uo. They spent all of it and ran out of money. That's when they tapped on ITT, who funded it. ITT was owned by Krupp in Germany. In terms of personnel, many of the civilians and scientists there were all ex-Nazi's who came from Germany both before and after the war ended. The project was under US Government surveillance. The intelligence community knew what was going on and the CIA monitored everything, as did other government intelligence agencies. The field of players who actually operated on the base was small, between 30 and 50. The funding was entirely private. After 1983, Senator Goldwater found out about it and started an investigation. He couldn't find any trace of government funding. Pruett was the metaphysical director of the project. He was Air Force. After he left Dr. Herman C. Untermann took over. They had an electronics expert, Dr. Mathew E. Zerrett, who came over from Germany in 1946 with Werhner von Braun. Probably the reason that they ran out of money is that they had a total of 25 bases around the United States to support. The last of the bases shut down August 12, 1983. The base at Montauk, where all the stations got their zero-time reference from, shut down and the other two remaining bases went down with it.

What about some of the mind effects?

From what I recall of the program, as I was part of it, I was subjected to the mind control field not as I initially went into the program (because they wanted me initially for my sensitive abilities) but later. I was assigned to the indoctrination of the younger recruits. The first indoctrination turned out to be a disaster. I told them I didn't want anything to do with the program, and they put me in front of this mind beam, and it did do damage to me. Finally, someone said, "shut it off, he isn't going to give in to it" and they shut it off. Others were affected much more seriously than I was. The effects were generally really bad. It could burn your brains out. They would go out and pick kids between the ages of 12 and 16 off the street...

That's where a lot of disappearing American kids went?

We estimate they took 10,000 American children off the street and brought them to Montauk, New Jersey. The total number of people that they pulled off the streets for the 25 stations was about 250,000. What the actual thrust of the program was in terms of all these kids is still a mystery. We still don't know the answers. We know they were fully programmed for something. They were subjected to programming which eventually became more "humane" using advanced electronic techniques. The original programming was Reichian in nature and was more physical. Later they worked out techniques that used computers and electronic programming with the Reichian techniques that took very fast and had little side effects.

Are you aware of any people presently who have been through this?

I've run into people over the years. There is a very specific field identity pattern you can detect if you are sensitive enough. You can spot a person who has been through the Montauk program "five miles away". it's vary distinctive in the way that it's been altered. I've spotted more than a dozen people in the Long Island, New York area.

What about Von Neumann?

He was still alive up until 1989. He has run into a problem with the government as well as other problems, such as a personality split in 1977, when he resigned as director and became a consultant. The government told everyone he died in 1956. The government is still interacting with him.

Were any of the Montauk subjects given psycho tropic drugs?

I don't think so...

They used one drug which was used in connection with the Reich programming to make them more receptive. I don't remember the name of it. The effect of the drug was that it would make you "horny as hell".

Also euphoric at the same time?

Also euphoric, yes.

Did they get this mind-altering chair from the aliens?

The prototype came from the aliens. Beyond that we are uncertain. This chair was essentially a mind amplifier. The government would have specially trained individuals sit in the chair and generate thoughtforms, which would be amplified and transmitted. They could transmit the signal and put people in a pre-orgasmic state where they would be receptive to programming. It worked very well and they found other capabilities. They found that it could work in time. They had a psychically trained individual sit in the chair and generate a thoughtform of a vortex that connected 1947 and 1981. That's exactly what they got - a time tunnel they could walk through. There was a series on television at one time that portrayed this concept fairly accurately. These were some of the earlier capabilities. They started going forward and backward in time. That was the last phase of the Phoenix project.

When did this time machine get going?

Around 1979 or 1980 it was fully operational. This transmitter had enough power to warp space and time. The individual in the chair would have to synthesize the vortex function because they didn't have the technical capability to do that. It can now be mechanically synthesized. They did other things. They had the subject in the chair think of some creature, and the creature would materialize. They had the individual in the chair think of all the animals at Montauk point charging into town, and that's exactly what happened. They almost had the power to create a being. The problem they had was that what they created only stayed as long as the mind amplifier was on. The power was somewhere between gigawatts and terrawatts. Tremendous power. The vortex could have a diameter of about five miles.

Can you describe what this looked like?

Its like looking into a peculiar spiral tunnel which was lit up down its entire length. You would start to walk into this thing and then suddenly you'd be pulled down it. You didn't walk through it as such. You were more or less propelled through it. You could go anywhere in space and time.

Could you bring things back?

Yes.

Have you ever brought anything back?

Yes.

Could you continue your description of the tunnel?

Yes. The walls were solid but fluted. The tunnel was not straight but was a sort of corkscrew shape.

If someone turned off the power, would you be stuck in the destination time and space?

Yes. You'd be stuck there.

Did they send a lot of kids down the tunnel'?

Yes, but we don't know what their goals were. They lost a lot of kids.

Since there is a time loop between however far you went back in the past through however far into the future, is everything fixed?

Yes.

One of the first things they did was send recruits forward to around 6030 AD. It was always to the same point. Somewhere in an abandoned city where there was a statue of solid gold. When they came back they were asked what they saw. Whether they were expecting to find a different answer from person to person is unknown. They would look into the vortex and make sure the environment would support life before they sent people. They took samples.

NINA ALVES: THEY TOOK SOME BUT NOT ENOUGH NO ONE EVER CAME BACK

Are there potential futures that people could be sent to?

NINA ALVES: NO

No. once you make the connection with the future the line becomes fixed to that point.

NINA ALVES: THIS IS WHY SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - CAROLINE E. KENNEDY CAN'T GO BACK IN TIME IT WILL CAUSE A POLAR FLIP

Can you change the present by sending someone to the past?

NINA ALVES: YES BUT YOU CAN'T GO BACK

Yes. You can also change the present by sending someone into the future. Under certain conditions. The government is using existing time machines to go forward in the Montauk time line.

NINA ALVES: YOU CAN'T GO FORWARD ANYMORE AND YOU HAVE TO STAY IN LINE 5 LEVELS OF LINE TIME

Are you saying that now the present can't be changed because we have established a time-loop through the future and the past?

Yes. That means whatever everyone is doing between the most extreme past point and the future they will be doing forever.

What is the furthest anyone has traveled in the future?

10,000 AD.

NINA ALVES: I TRAVELED TO 10,000 AD

So everything is locked in until 10.000AD?

Yes. It's a dreamlike reality. No one has picked up a tangible future beyond 2012 AD. There is a very abrupt wall there with nothing on the other side.

NINA ALVES: I HIT THE BLACK WALL OF THE BLACK BOX CALLED OUR UNIVERSE

Prophecies speak of earth changes around then.

Curious, isn't it?

Can you project yourself two hours into the future and meet yourself?

Yes, but its very dangerous. The person who walked into the tunnel is out of phase with the person who comes out the other end. This did happen. The result is that the person just incinerates.

Did they ever give you a weapon in case you ran into anything negative?

They didn't have to do that. The vortex could be arranged to follow the person, so that they could bring them back in if anything went wrong. They could see them on a viewer.

So they achieved a working time portal. At one point they had a situation where they had a "monster from the ID" type creature come through and everyone went into a panic. They shut the transmitter off. The creature ate people and equipment. They had to go back and shut down the unit in Philadelphia in order to shut off the unit in the future so they could stop this creature in 1983. This was on August 12,1983. The vortex locked on to the 12 August 1943 test and formed a loop. All this occurred because someone planted the thought in the mind of the operator in the chair to generate this creature. It was an effort to sabotage the project. A lot of people thought the project had gone too far. When I worked for them between 1971 and 1983 1 was so tired when I would get home from work. What they would do is that when I my mission was over they would return me to a point milliseconds before I left. It would appear from one perspective that I never left. Of course, after I stopped working there, all that stopped. Is there a reason that all these things happened?

NINA ALVES: YES TO FIND THE CONTAINERS

If you go back into the Philadelphia experiment end of it, which was the beginning of the whole business, one can see from the way that thing was maneuvered that there was a higher force of some kind involved in setting the whole thing up .... because it never would have happened the way it did unless two obscure dates 40 years apart coincided between the two experiments: the project known as the Philadelphia experiment, or Project Rainbow, in 1943 and the Montauk project in 1983.

If I may interject something here. There is a point about two thirds of the way down the time tunnel where the person who is going through the tunnel perceives a large "thump". The person's consciousness leaves their body. There is a tendency to see things on a broader basis. I am sure there was some intelligence there. Looking back on my experiences, I'm sure there was some intelligence there. I would have trouble with the recognition of it. What they were trying to do at Montauk was to stabilize the perception process that would occur upon exteriorization from the body. They were trying to manifest that for some reason. We don't know what their purpose was.

What was the role of the aliens in this whole thing, other than the prototype of the mental amplifier chair?

That would be the another part of this that we haven't got into yet.

Let's look at what the Philadelphia experiment got into in a technical sense. It was what started all this happening. It originally began back in the 1930's in Chicago with three people. Dr. John Hutchinson Sr., who was the Dean of the University of Chicago, Nickola Tesla, and Dr. Kurtenaur, who was an Austrian physicist who was on staff at the University.

They decided to do something with the speculation regarding the concept of things and people being invisible. This subject had been discussed for several year. They got together and did some research at the University of Chicago around 1931 or 1932. In 1933 the Institute of Advanced Studies at Princeton was formed and the project was transferred there in 1934. One of the people on staff at the Institute was Dr. John Erich Von Neumann, who was from Budapest Hungary. He got his degree in chemistry in 1925 and his Ph.D. in mathematics in 1926. He taught in Europe for about four years and transferred to the United States. He taught at the graduate level for three years and was invited to join the Institute.

Other people at the Institute included Albert Einstein, who left Germany in 1930. He went to the California Institute of Technology for three years and taught there and then went to the Institute upon their invitation and acceptance. A lot of other people showed up there as time went on. The project expanded about 1936. In the meantime, Tesla was named director of the project. He was a friend of president Franklin Roosevelt, whom Tesla met in 1917 when FDR was secretary of the Navy. Tesla was asked at that time to do some work for the government for the war effort, which he did. He accepted and became director of the invisibility project until he resigned in 1942. In 1936, after intensive study, they decided to have an initial test of their work. They achieved some partial invisibility. The Navy and everyone else was encouraged to continue the work, and the Navy supplied money for research.

Scientists were coming to the United States from Germany until 1939, when the war with Germany was started.

In 1940, after research using Tesla's approach, they decided they were ready for a full test at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. They had a small ship and a tender ship at each side. One ship provided the power and the other supplied the drive for the coils. They were tendered to the test ship by cables. The idea was that if anything went wrong they could cut the cables or sink the test ship. Everything worked and the project was declared a success.

The important point about the 1940 test is that there was no one on board the test vehicle. It was strictly a dry run with no people. This is important because of what happened later.

Other people came on board. Thomas T. Brown joined the project because of his expertise in electrogravity effects. He had the task of solving the problem of the German magnetic mines that were affecting allied shipping and Naval efforts. This led into a parallel project which involved the use of degaussing coils and cables to explode the mines at a distance from the ship.

The Navy wanted several people to keep an eye on the tests. That is how I got involved. Keeping technical commentaries. Let's look at Nickola Tesla.

In 1879 his father died and his first year at college ended. He came to the United States in 1884. He had enormously intuitive insight. He had a perfect track record. Before coming to the US he had known Robert Oppenheimer, who later worked with the development of the atomic bomb, and Dr. David Hilbert, the mathematician who devised equations for Hilbert Space, which described multiple space or multiple realities mathematically. These equations for multiple space became very important in the project. Dr. von Neumann met Hilbert in 1927 and retained a lot of what he had learned. With that, Von Neumann developed other new systems of mathematics. Von Neumann was considered to be one of the most outstanding mathematicians in this century. Some think he was better than Einstein. Another mathematician involved was Dr. John Levinson, who was born in 1912. He died in 1976. He published three books on mathematics. There is no other history of Levinson himself anywhere that I can find. Levinson developed the so-called Levinson Time Equations. with all this behind them, the group had all they needed to proceed with the project.

After the successful 1940 test, the Navy decided to give the project unlimited funds and to classify the project. On December 5, 1941 I was in San Francisco and the government came and told me that a war with Japan would start within 72 hours and that they needed me to assist them. In January 1942 I ended up at the Institute of Advanced Studies. Tesla was given a ship and a crew for a full sized test. Tesla got a battleship. Tesla and Von Neumann didn't agree on some things. Tesla insisted that they were going to have a very severe problem with personnel. Tesla wanted more time but the NAVY wouldn't agree. Tesla made periodic announcements in the late 1930's and early 1940's about his contact with off planet species. He was in contact with the outside, who agreed that there was a problem with the people. He decided to sabotage the 1942 test in an attempt to stop the project. He de-tuned the equipment so nothing would work. The test failed. Tesla then turned the project over to Von Neumann in March 1942 and left the project.

Von Neumann went to the Navy and requested time to study the problem to determine what had gone wrong. Von Neumann decided to make changes in some of the equipment. He decided he would need a special ship that was designed from the ground up. The Eldridge was selected. The equipment was built into the ship. They put all the equipment on the ship. October 1942 arrived. They selected 33 volunteers for the crew, who arrived after graduation in December 1942. We still have a picture of the class.

After the ship was out of drydock work began. In May of 1943 von Neumann installed a third generator. It would never synchronize with the other two. It went out of control one day and zapped one of the men. Von Neumann pulled out the third generator (installed because Tesla had convinced Von Neumann of the potential problem with people) and went back to the original design. In mid June, the ship had sea trials. On July 22, 1943, they had the test. The ship between radar and optically invisible. They discovered people very disoriented. The Navy pulled the crew off and consulted Von Neumann, who requested more time again from the Navy. The Navy, after consultation with higher-ups, announced that the drop dead date was on the 12th of August, 1943. Von Neumann voiced his concern that it wasn't enough time.

The Navy decided that it just wanted radar invisibility and not optical invisibility. The equipment was again modified by Von Neumann. August 12th arrived. We knew things were not right. The test began, and for about a minute everything was all right. The ships outline could be seen in the water. There was suddenly a blue flash and the ship disappeared entirely. No radio communication was possible. It was gone. In about three hours it came back. One of the masts was broken. Some personnel were partially embedded in the steel deck. Others were fading in and out. Some disappeared entirely. Many were insane. The Navy extracted the crew and proceeded with four days of meetings to decided what to do about the problem. They decided there would be one more test with another dry run without personnel. They conducted the dry run using about 1000 feet of cable attached to another ship. In late October 1943 the test occurred. The ship disappeared for about 20 minutes. When it returned, they found equipment missing. Two transmitter cabinets and one generator was missing. The cabinet with the zero-time reference generator was intact. At that point, the Navy stripped the ship and stopped the project. The Eldridge served in the war and was turned over to Greece at the end of the war.

The important thing is that there were two tests that were exactly 40 years apart to the day. It was a 40 year separation in hyperspace. Now, the Earth itself has a biorhythm that peaks on a 20 year cycle on August 12th. It "just happened" to peak and provided the connecting link through the fields of the Earth for the two experiments to lock up in hyperspace. Walk-in efforts are aided if they occur during this peak.

The ship was pulled into hyperspace. We were inside the ship and knew something was drastically wrong with the test. We tried to shut it off but it wouldn't shut off. We ran out on deck and jumped over the side of the ship. We jumped overboard but ended up in a time tunnel which ended at Montauk, Long Island on August 12th, 1983. At night. We were found very quickly and taken down stairs, where Von Neumann greeted us. He expected us. It was a bit of a shock. We had just been in 1943 and now we were in 1983 looking at Von Neumann as an old man. He said that there was a hyperspace lockup and that we had to go back and shut off the generators on the ship or the hyperspace rift would keep increasing and possibly engulf the planet. He had been waiting 40 years for us to arrive.

Montauk sent us back and we smashed the equipment with axes. The ship returned to its original point in space and about three hours later in time. From 1943 on, Von Neumann didn't know what happened. He had modified earlier equipment in 1943 to where he had a full blown time machine. The Germans also were working on time travel, and had it working in 1945 just before the end of the war. This is all a matter of record.

After the Navy decided to shut down the project in 1943, Von Neumann was sent to work on the atomic bomb project at Los Alamos until that was over. In 1947 there were major changes in the Department of Defense. Someone in the new structure decided to dig up the Philadelphia project to see if they could find out what went wrong. They asked Von Neumann to "take another look" at the project. He agreed.

There is another matter. Starting about August 6th, 1943, UFOs appeared over the Eldridge for about six days. They were there during the test. One of the UFOs was sucked up into hyperspace with the Eldridge and it ended up in an underground facility in Montauk in 1983. It contained a charging device which some aliens made us go back and get for them, as they didn't want humans to have it. We don't know who they were. Pruett was concerned about an alien invasion.

Also, Von Neumann was called by the government to come and assist in the examination of a crashed UFO in 1947 at Aztec. Another crash occurred at Aztec about a year later. The first crash had greys on it and none survived. At least one occupant survived the second crash. The radar systems unintentionally brought down the craft. Radar was used intentionally after that until the aliens got wise to it. The occupant of the second crash was not a grey, and Von Neumann got to talk with it. Von Neumann asked it what the answer to the invisibility problems could be. He learned that he had to go back and do his homework in metaphysics. The nature of the problem was that the personnel on the ship were not locked to the zerotime reference of the ship. Humans are normally locked to the point of conception as a time reference, not a zero-time reference. The time stream lock allows the person to flow in synch with the system so interaction is possible.

Time locks are fragile. All the power of the project disrupted the time-locks of the people on the deck on the ship. When the ship came back in time, the people didn't come back to the same reference.

Von Neumann realized that he needed a computer, as well as some knowledge of metaphysics in order to be able to lock the time reference of the people to the time reference of the ship. He built a computer in 1950 for the purpose. It was ready to be installed in 1952 and a test was performed in 1953 that was successful. They didn't go floating off into space when it was over. At this point, the Navy canceled Project Rainbow and changed the name to project Phoenix.

Alot came out of the negative effects of the Rainbow project. Some of it led to mind control research programs in the Phoenix project. The invisibility research produced some Stealth technology as well as other highly classified projects.

In 1983, they decided to apply mind control to all participants in these projects in an effort to cover them up. They had also been working on another project: age regression. Now, Tesla had sought back in the 1940's to develop equipment that could help the members of the crew after they lost time-lock . The government developed it into the age regression program. It was physical age regression. A person retained the memory they had from the older age.

Tesla's theory was that if you took the individual's time-lock and moved it forward in time than you would remove aging. That's what happened. It took between 30 and 60 days for the body to complete the change to the new time reference.

Now, some of this turned up in the movie called the Philadelphia Experiment, which was released in 1984. The government got an injunction which banned showing in the US for two years. It was overturned in 1986 and it was out on tape. I saw the film in 1988, and it helped bring back some of my memory about this.

Any initial comments about electromagnetics?

Well, are a lot of interesting aspects. There is a explained by most theories. It is not magnetic field only propagates at 0.4 of the electromagnetic field propagates at the speed electric field (according to Maxwells equations) propagates at the rate of c-infinity, which means that it propagates throughout the universe instantaneously. If you understand those basic relationships and how they interlock with higher order energies and fields, like soliton and tensor fields, then you can understand how an antigravity drive will work. It is a fact that the unified field theory was completed by Einstein and given to the US Government. They have it and they don't want anybody to know they have it. It was never released publicly in any books. This kind of knowledge is used as a method of control between and for governments. It's unfortunate. The government is supposed to be "for the people and by the people". That is what it says in the Constitution. I wonder when the last time the president read the Constitution?

It seems like there are more people involved in secrecy than there are scientists. Where are all these people?

There are government agents and agencies everywhere that are concerned with keeping things secret. These days, the secrecy is applied more to the applications of hardware than the hardware itself. It's not like it was in the 1950's. As an example, the guidance package for the new Minuteman X missle that was developed for the Air Force by Northrop is unclassified. There was no classification on the circuitry and It was so accurate that it could take a missle and drop it down a chimney stack. The applications was capable of was classified.

Isn't a lot of this left out in the open to distract what is really going on?

Of course.

What is the capacity of the gravity craft fleet of the United States?

I don't know. I know that they have built quite a number of them.

What are the capabilities of these craft?

Well, when our astronauts first landed on the moon in 1969 they were greeted by a fleet of disks sitting on the rim of a crater. The astronauts asked their superiors if they knew about these disks. They were told "yes", that they were American disks. The astronauts were angry at being used as public relations men by the government.

Why spend so much money on the Stealth bomber when they have had this gravity technology for so many years?

Well, the aircraft combines two aspects for invisibility. One of the aspects relates to the construction and coating applied to the surface. The other aspect relates to an electronic type of invisibility package which is a result of work done on the Philadelphia experiment years ago. Also, the stealth has a secondary drive system which is very advanced and allows it to fly in space. The assistant director of NASA admitted that this came straight out of alien technology. He admitted this to the public.

He did?

Yes.

That's interesting in view of the government's apparent position with respect to covert technology.

There are breaks in the government secrecy programs that are starting to show up. More and more people are getting totally disgusted with government activities and attitudes and they are beginning to talk.

Maybe it's a deliberate leak.

It could be deliberate. Even MJ-12 in 1984 was about to break some information to the public about ET's and UFOs. They decided not to release it at that time. John Kennedy demanded that they release it within one year. He also demanded that the CIA get out of the drug business. They assassinated him.

Have you found any resistance to what you have been coming out with?

No. The Navy keeps quiet, but I hear rumblings underground that they are definitely not pleased about it. The so-called .. martyrdom clause" works in my favor. They know that I know why they can't touch me. If they do, they know that there will be real problems in time and space because of it. There are two of us that are holding certain factors in stability. If anything is done to either of us, there could be a rip in hyperspace. The whole reality system will shift. I will give you one guess as to what it will most likely shift to: We won the second world war by a slim margin. German technology was way ahead of us. If the war had gone on another 30 days the Germans would have won it. They had super weapons in production which they were ready to use. They were so close to winning the war that Churchill and FDR were really worried about it. If the system shifts, it could shift to a parallel reality where the Germans won the war.

That's why the government doesn't dare kill either of you?

Right. Because of what we were involved in, it might jeopardize our entire reality system.

Could you explain how a closed time loop works?

Well, one of the problems that has developed is that when you travel through time you cannot come back to the exact point of origin. It has to be later than when you left. If you were to come back to the exact point at which you took off you would be at the same point twice in your lifetime and there would be a very serious problem.

Would you refresh my memory about some of the dates involved with the development of electronic mind control in the US?

The mind control experiments were moved to Montauk about 1969. The hardware phase of some of the later experiments began about 1975; equipment to modify the SAGE transmitter was ordered about 1973.

ITT was the main contractor and sub-contracted portions of the contract out. Most of the contracts were awarded to firms on Long Island.

So what did they actually prove that they could do when the experiments were over?

What they essentially proved they could do was that they could control a person that they had the "signature" for. This pattern that was unique to an individual could be put into the computer program for the transmitter. A second order wavelength would be transmitted that has a lower attenuation and affects that persons mind directly. There could be a command to do anything focused at the person. Once a device was constructed that illustrated this principle on a wide scale. A mental message was put out that if anybody heard the message they were to call a certain phone number. Over 600 calls came from all over the East coast all the way down to Florida. It works.

That's interesting. There's a fellow who calls himself Lord Mattreya who says that he is the Christ returned to the planet; that when he links up with the international press he will send a telepathic message to the entire planet in their own language and they will hear it. They also are supposed to receive a visual image. So.. they have that technology?

Yes. There is not only an indivdual signature. There's a racial signature and also a universal signal for the human race. The government has used all three to target specific individuals. They have also done group messages targeted on a specific racial or ethnic group. That's common. In Boston and New York they were doing experiments on "mood control" on the cities. Transmitters used no longer exist, but the technology does.

Do targeted individuals perceive what they are receiving as their own thought?

Yes.

Is there any defense against that?

Yes and no. Theoretically no. This is what the government depends on. Practically speaking, they can't get everyone, because some people are naturally resistant, depending on their level of mental and psychic development. Perhaps 5% of the population do not respond to these signals. If they get 95% coverage, they don't care about that 5%. That's what they have the riot squads and the concentration camps for. There is no defense unless you can interfere with that signal. Some people just don't react.

So they transmit a thought signal?

Not exactly. If you were put on an EEG, you would exhibit a certain pattern of electrical responses. These can be recorded and they are unique to you. It can be recorded and stored and replicated on a computer. If they can replicate your RNA/DNA pattern they've got you too - for life.

You mentioned about concentration camps?

Yes. They are all over the United States. There are three in Arizona alone.

So they can control us to the point where we'll just hand over our guns?

That's what they hope. It depends on how effective this equipment becomes, how thoroughly installed it is everywhere, and whether or not people can ferret this stuff out and render it inoperative before that time arrives.

How about the idea of a conflict between moral conscience and what the mental command tells you do to?

You don't have the option not to act as it says the way that equipment is set up - if you are not aware enough to make a connection that it is not your thought. It does not negate choice, it just puts in a strong impluse or command. Those people who responded by calling that number had no idea what went through their heads. Some of this does require preconditioning to a response pattern.

Could they be doing this over the media, like television and radio?

Of course.

You're suggesting a state of absoulte corruption.

Absolutely correct. Planned corruption.

With this kind of technology, why do they need concentration camps?

Because there are always people that are resistant.

I would think that they would annihilate them, not lock them up. The first step is the camps, where you can handle them easier, then you can eliminate them en masse. You don't go down the streets shooting everybody down. Once you're in the camps, they break you down mentally. They're experts at that.

We think they're shipping guillotines in there for the people that don't comply. They're looking for a slave labor force. That is what H.R. 4079 is about that's in Congress now. It creates a slave labor force in the prison system, which will be privately owned. States will pay the private prison a fee in order to put their prisoner in there.

Yes.

What are some of the other projects that relate to the capacity of factions operating within the United States Government and corporations to manipulate and control the population?

Well between 1977 and 1978 a project called Dreamscan came on line. It ceased in 1979. The goal of the project was to gain the technical ability to enter into an individuals mind in the dream state and cause his death. There was a movie called Dreamscape which showed what they discovered they could do. The project was run by the Secret Government and managed by the NSA. The purpose of the project was to provide for a means of covert assassination. President Carter found out about it and had it stopped. The hardware is still intact and in storage. There have been attempts to put it back on line by various intelligence operations, some of which are said to involve AT&T operatives.

What else?

Around 1987, a project called Moonscan started. It lasted into 1989 and involved positioning mind control equipment on the moon for use on the population of earth. It, like the others, has clear connections to negative alien activity.

Who ran that one?

It was managed by an organization called Airborne Instrument Laboratories (AIL), who have had other covert projects under their wing. At the time, AIL was run by Eaton Corporation. It is now managed by the Department of Defense as of 1988. There are three branches of AIL: Covert, Commercial, and Defense.

Any other mind control programs that you can mention?

There was a project called Mindwreaker that would allow paralysis of the mind. The aliens were heavily involved with that project. it produced several neurological weapons, some of which are used on the B-1 bomber, which also contains a lot of alien technology. At time, various alien species came and went out of AIL. There was one group called the K-Group, which was short for the Kondrashkin. They had pale skin that had a slight greenish tint and almost no hair. They looked human, and had to bleach their skin and wear wigs. They have been periodically involved with covert projects since the 1940's.

Where has AIL been located?

In New York Stare, at Farmingdale, Deer Park and Long Island.

What is the current status of AIL?

Well.. there were eight projects ongoing at AIL that also had to do with the development of weaponry against aliens. In 1989 the Orion group discovered this and destroyed the projects. It can only be assumed that AIL still functions in other areas.

What other research goes on at Long Island?

Research on scalar weaponry, like the one that destroyed the Challenger.

I thought the Challenger was destroyed by the Soviets using scalar weapons?

No. The Soviets didn't do that. The oddity with the incidents as far as the Soviets were concerned was that they pulled their ships about 150 miles out to sea before it happened. They were not the direct cause, which was a scalar weapon that they were trying to put into orbit and test. It accumulated a charge while the Challenger was going up through the atmosphere and turned itself on. That is what destroyed the Challenger. It might have been deliberate.

What was the ultimate power behind the Phoenix projects?

Ultimately, the whole thing is manipulated by the Orion group. The expectation was that they could use mind control to take over the populace in the 1990's - no later than 1994 or 1995. They have also been doing genetic work in which they alter a human sperm and ovum to the extent that all offspring will produce hybrids with new characteristics. Humans will mate and create children with alien genetics. That's one step beyond the average abduction scenario. There are other things happening with the human race.

Like what?

Since 1947, there have been components of the 6th race incarnating on the planet. The 5th race was the Aryans. The 6th race humans are 100% telepathic - the secret government and the Orion group sees them as a threat. They've been aware of it since 1942.

Wasn't there a movie about something like that years ago?

Yes. I don't remember the name, but it came out in 1982. In that film, there was a drug that made babies that were 100% telepathic. This kind of thing has actually happened. There was a Canadian company that was producing a drug which turned out to do just that. This was between 1946 and 1947. It was removed from the market immediately, although its use continues privately. In the movie, the government had a way of using electromagnetics to explode a persons head to get rid of them.

Sounds like something they mught have developed at Montauk.

It does, doesn't it?

What is the current situation with aliens?

Somewhat mixed and confused. There has been a lot going on all around the planet. In September and October 1990 there was an alien group from some other dimension that was attempting to invade the planet. They took down all the zero-time generators all over the country. The FAA was especially affected. The rogue group was stopped by another species. For many years, some factions of the Orion group depended on a ring of alien satellites that would sustain life functions. Those were wiped out in November 1990 by the same group.

So there are positive light forces out there that are seeking to balance these negative activities by the Orion group?

Yes. I am not at liberty to tell you their identity.

Do you think that this group is related to those who flew over military nuclear silos and rendered the warheads inoperative?

I don't know if they were involved, although I could ask. The nuclear charade is another thing on a cultural level. The idea of nuclear war was eliminated a long long time ago by all major powers on Earth. The threat of a nuclear winter and the fact that you can't detonate two nuclear devices too close together in time stops them from doing it. I think a lot of people are aware that the same forces that control the United States today are the same forces that supported the buildup of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union and arranged for WWII and Vietnam. The public has been lied to in so many areas since the early 1930's that they don't know what's going on. Most people still think that the Congress and the President run the country and that they have Constitutional rights.

How about some interesting technology spin-offs from the Philadelphia experiment?

Well, there are a lot of them in use by the CIA and the NSA, as well as other corporate and government agencies. There is a portable unit that can render an individual invisible. The NSA is known to use those on a fairly regular basis. There is also a UFO research based covert organization that is believed to have them?

And what would that be?

Well, its a super secret international organization that is funded by all major governments. It performs research on aliens and alien technology, coverup operations, and also does espionage. The group is negatively oriented and is considered to have no positive attributes in relation to other humans. It is called the International Aerospace Alliance.

How does it fit into the hierarchy of command and control?

It's connected to MJ-12, which is believed to be headed by Kissinger at this time. It is also connected to the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the President. AIL type units are also connected to the MJ group.

I have heard a tape of Robert Lazar, the EG & G scientist, and others who indicate that the highest clearance level is ULTRA. Is that it?

There is also BLACK LEVEL clearance.

What is involved with those little implants that are spheres?

Those devices are about 3mm in size. They are called SBMCD's, or Spherical Biological Monitoring and Control Devices. They represent an organically enhanced synaptid processor powered by a micro-positron flow that controls or mimics the functions within the human nervous system with micro relays that duplicate brain operation or engram patterns.

What is the real story behind Wilhelm Reich?

Most people are familiar with Reichs brilliant work with bions, weather modification, cancer biopathy and other devices. Reichs work has been of interest to the National security Agency for some time, and it involves the fact that when a person is electronically maintained in a pre-orgastic state in their nervous system, gateways unto the mind open up for mind control to take hold. It is his most secret work as far as applications are involved. Reichs contact with alien species, his discoveries about life energy and cancer, and the mind control applications are some of the reasons why he was killed. This knowledge was combined with other knowledge, some of it alien in nature, and integrated into the work at Montauk and subsequent covert projects to subvert the people of the United States and the world under an Orion based system.

What are some of the ways they put people into this state?

Well, there are these devices. Every psychiatric facility has them. For a male, they attach electrodes to five points on the body (you can guess what one of those points are) and turn the device on. It makes programming an individual really easy. It is devious, but a lot more humane than the old electroshock therapy. The thing is, the device is being used for control instead of in a way that might benefit the individual.

What about the Philadelphia Experiment as related to aliens?

The Philadelphia Experiment was not an alien operation, as such, but what was the set-up was the date, August 12, 1943, because it had to be locked to the Phoenix project on August 12, 1983. The date was set by alien influence in order to cause a 40-year hole in hyperspace through which large numbers of alien craft could enter this dimension. It worked, but it didn't last long enough to give the aliens the maximum benefit of the scenario. The order for the date came from a man in the White House who was directing certain aspects of the project.

This man was one of the K-group and headed what was called the Psi-corp. It was an alien intervention. This was scheduled to be a main invasion from a different universe.

How about other types of aliens that were involved?

Most of the other alien groups around, including the ones that had their shipped sucked into hyperspace, were observers of what was going on, not participants. Beyond the obvious fact that they were observing for themselves, there is insufficient data to determine whether they were observing for anyone else.

What about the alien ship, again, that was trapped underground at Montauk?

I was part of the group that dismantled it. What is involved is that you have to find out how everything goes together. You have to read their manuals... there were seven occupants of that ship; four of them would not talk to us. Eventually, three of them did, and we learned their language and deciphered their manuals about the construction and maintenance of the ship...

They weren't Greys?

No. They were about 6 foot 5 inches tall. They were essentially human in appearance. They had dark leathery skin. They had no hair. Where they came from we were not sure. We don't even know why they were there, except perhaps to observe the test on August 12, 1943. When the ship appeared in 1983 underground, we were initially concerned as to whether this ship represented some sort of "point man" for an invasion of some kind.

Was there any weaponry aboard that craft?

Not that I remember. The ship had a lot of strange devices on it. We took a lot of stuff apart. We took off part of the control panels, and communications equipment. We decided not to touch the main power plant because we thought it might blow up if we fooled with it. We left the food processing units intact. The ships drive systems were removed. A lot of the ship was stripped down right to the shell. It was left that way.

Why would they suspect an invasion?

Idon't know, except that there have been so many groups over the years trying to invade this planet. One wonders why they want to bother with this mud ball and its backward technology.

John Lear suggests that the human race represents a gene pool.

That is one good possibility. Another one, and I get this from sources I can't reveal at this moment, is that they are seeking certain rare earth elements they apparently can't find elsewhere.

Robert Lazar mentioned a book that contained the history of earth and that it said that humans were referred to as ..containers for souls" and that souls could be traded in something like a barter system.

The aliens are doing it all the time.

They're trading in souls?

Yes. They were shuffling us around like we were cattle to them.

Property. What do you think of that concept as applied to humans?

Well, it is mentioned that several races consider humans in some ways similar to that. Whether it is the bodies or the souls that are considered property, I don't know. It appears that they are concerned more with the bodies, the genetics, and the capabilities of the human mind. The capabilities of the human mind are virtually unlimited. That fascinates some species.

Those aliens that were on that ship. What became of them?

Out of the seven, four did not talk and three did talk to us. One of the group that did not talk to us was evidently the captain of the ship. He eventually killed the three that did talk to us. The four remaining aliens were put into "deep freeze" by the people who were running the underground at Montauk. I have no idea what they did with the other three bodies.

What happened to the craft?

it's still there, as far as I know. It was a gold colored saucer about sixty feet in diameter. It had a bulge on both the top and bottom.

In one of Linda Moulton Howe's books they had pictures of types of alien writing. Were you ever able to determine the language they used?

The language they were using was apparently that of the Greys. The symbol that the Greys use a lot is the same symbol that the Trilateral Commission uses.

How big is the underground at Montauk?

It's very large. It extends for miles, especially the 5th and 6th levels. Almost all of it was constructed in the late 1920's or early 1930's. We talked to one of the men who was one of the contractors who built it. It was built on government orders right after the depression started. It was built in six levels. They covered the top over with earth. It's known locally as "the hill". Its a huge base. There may still be some use of it. Most of it is shut down. The power has been on for two years now, single phase 220 volt. The elevator used ran on three-phase 440 volts, and that has not been turned on, probably because they plugged all main openings and the elevator shaft with concrete.

How many different species of aliens are you aware of?

Well, the Greys were not part of Montauk. By agreement they never went there. There were groups that were part of it, like a group who called themselves the Leverons. There were those there from Antares that were only observers. They looked like humans. There were members of the Orion group there occasionally. The K-group had some connection with the place, but I personally never saw any of them there. Lastly, there were the inhabitants of that ship that was captured. The Orion Confederation includes a lot of groups, including the Leverons.

The Orion group is supposedly at war with a group called the Elohim. Would you say that is accurate?

Yes. This is happening. The Elohim group is a very old race, perhaps the oldest in the universe. At least its the oldest we know of.

Is there any particular species that has the greatest control over humans?

The Orion group. They're the weasels in the background that manipulate everybody, including the Greys. The Orion group includes the various reptilian species.

Was the zero-time generator from alien sources?

No. Tesla created the zero-time generator in the 1920's. It provided a very basic time reference which is actually locked to the center of our galaxy. That's why they call it a zero time generator. Locking equipment to that is the only way you can get some of these higher function generators to work.

The aliens use crystals quite a bit.

Yes. Crystals can store and modulate enormous amounts of energy. There was a crystal in the alien ship that ended up at Montauk that was about 18 inches long. Other factions of the alien group appeared in one of the side tunnels off the main time tunnel and captured several of us, and wouldn't let us go unless one of us went back and got that crystal for them. We did. The problem was is that we were in the time tunnel too long, because the time references the man I was with dissolved, and he began to age at the rate of about a day per hour. Within three days he was dead.

What are some of the ways the government became involved in time travel?

The Navy had the ability to use the time travel technology from about 1970 and developed full operational capability in 1973. They did do an experiment where they tried to go back and kill the father of the man destined to be the head of the new One-World government. They did kill his father, but it made no difference. They didn't understand why it didn't work. Robert Lazar was voicing the concept that time is quantitized or compartmentalized and that you can't change what has already happened in terms of the past.

Is the Navy tied in with the secret government?

Small elements in the Navy are, but the Navy in general is not.

So in the 1970's they were against what was going on and tried ways to stop it?

Yes. At Montauk we did succeed in changing the past, so I know it can be done, but it takes enormous amounts of power and more than just a time machine, but I won't get into that.

So the person who will be the head of the One World government is walking around and has no father?

Theoretically that is true.

How could this guy have come into existence?

That's a very good question. That's another one of the paradoxes of time.

Was this person already in existence before they went back and killed his father?

Yes. They assumed that he would disappear and cease to exist.

Do you know who this individual is?

No. Not by name.

Is the One World government interested in longevity? It seems like all these plans are on a long term basis. It would also seem like it would take too long before those in control could really reap the benefits.

When you get to the level of the warped mentality of the world leaders that are controlled by the Orion group, you don't really know what their goals are. They are totally dependent on a specific technology, including time machines which are anchored in the 40 years time rift plus the extensions in the time matrix which goes another 20 years. Time machines are based in the technology that had its origin here within that time period, and from what I understand as of 2003 they will suddenly find that their time machines no longer function.

Why?

Because they were created on the basis of something which was basically artificial - the rift in time. The function is based on the rift. Then its back to the drawing boards.

Have they constructed any concrete plans based on the rift that might disappear when the rift does?

I don't know. I can't speak for the whole government.

Are any Orion based timetables involved in this?

Well, the Orions have their own ways of doing things.

Would they be dependent on this rift?

No, but the Greys are somewhat dependent on it, having used it to get here in large numbers. The Orion group itself is not here in a large number.

They let others do the dirty work for them?

Yes.

Do you get any particular feeling what things are like within the secret government with respect to the groups of aliens?

Well, they were panic stricken to get rid of the Greys. I don't know if they're that panic stricken any more, because I understand that the Orions are essentially gone, except for the mop-up squad, which have their own life support systems.

The general life support for the others was destroyed by another alien group in November 1990. They could not exist here without electronic support from the ring of satellites they put up there ages ago. Almost all of them packed up and left.

What is the nature of the electronic support?

They cannot stand the vibrations of this planet. The Greys like it because this planet is very much like their own home planet.

How would all this relate to the idea that their is a planetoid coming into this system with a bunch of reptilians on it. Would they bring their own electronic life support systems?

Yes. They can replace the satellites. They may well be back before long.

How do you view that scenario, where the planetoid full of Orion reptilians, or Draco, is coming here?

Well, we monitored the signals coming from the planetoid. They were coming in at around 25MHZ with twelve carriers spaced 50KHz apart. The Orion group reptilians have twelve chakras, maybe that has something to do with it.

Then this could be the part of the electronic signal that might even be representative of their electronic life sustenance matrix?

Yes.

It might well be necessary to set up transmitters of our own that would interfere with that kind of electromagnetic emanation.

Yes.

How about the Orion genetics?

It's very similar to that of humans. For a long time they were hoping to crossbreed. It didn't work properly. That was one of the side issues of the Montauk-Phoenix project, to find ways of crossbreeding. They never did fully solve the problems.

So this is where the concept of twelfth density would come in?

Yes. Probably. What they were hoping to do if they succeeded in crossbreeding humans and Orions was a silent invasion where they would take over humanity by crossbreeding and eliminate the humans they didn't want. At that point, Orion souls would move into the crossbred bodies and it would be complete. They would not need electronic support systems to survive here, which consists of 12 satellites.

So how does this affect the world government plans, now that the Orion group is temporarily gone?

It changes the context of the system that backed up the One-World government. They were backed up by and expected support from the Orion group. With the Orions out of the picture, they are on their own.

How about the Greys?

They're running around in circles. They are probably continuing with the genetic work and the abductions but they are lacking all direction except that which they already had established.

There was a recent abduction of woman in Seattle on December 3, 1990 where there were beings that looked human. They told them, however, that they weren't really human and allowed them to see their true form. It was a variant reptilian species they had never seen before. They asked the abductees questions about their experiences with the Greys. The woman got the impression that the reptilian humanoids thought that the Greys were going to far in their interactions with humans and that they were looking into it. Any comment?

No data on that one.

Well, since they were looking into Grey excesses in behavior, they probably were an offshoot group and not anything to do with the Draco.

They probably were an offshoot group. I have gotten the impression that not all the Orion Confederation is evil. There is a group within the Orion Confederation that function as sort of overseers and they are apparently quite upset about what these Greys are doing, but apparently there is not much they have been able to do about it. The basic heart of the Orion Confederation that we have become familiar with is totally evil and self-centered.

They basically want to take over the Earth?

Yes. They want to take Earth because of their desire for the planet as a staging base. They also desire the water and the minerals. There have only been partial success of their cross breeding program. A few hybrids have survived. They essentially look human but have Orion genetics within them.

What's going on in Washington right now?

They are up to their eyeballs in problems. They consider the thing with Hussein in the Middle East as the least of their concerns.

What are they concerned with?

They are concerned with AIDS and other, disease problems which are coming to earth from space. There are currently two huge clouds of amoeba-like creatures over the polar regions of the earth. These have shown up periodically over the last ten years. NASA is working on this. Every time they've been detected, all kinds of strange illnesses break out. They don't how they can stay alive and be in outer space. They're very concerned about that. The AIDS situation is so far advanced that it is considered to be a disaster.

How do you bounce that against the fact that AIDS was created at Fort Detrick, Maryland? Are the aliens ultimately behind that as well?

I don't know. It's very possible. It originated on the orders of the World Health Organization. I suppose you have to go back and see who was responsible for this diabolical plan within WHO to create a virus that would destroy the human immune system. They found out that once it was released that it mutated like crazy and there is no way to produce a vaccine for it. The government does have a way to cure it, but they do that on a pretty selective basis. The cure involves electromagnetics. There are also other means that have been discovered, but the government doesn't want the outside world to have it. Its part of the population reduction program.

Which is whose idea?

Apparently it was a decision reached by the secret government. The final decision was made in the White House in 1972 on the basis of a meeting of world leaders under Nixon. A friend of mine got the notes from that. He's now in prison, and he talked about it publicly in 1974. He said that they had the meeting and agreed that the planet was overpopulated and that it had to be reduced. The decision was to reduce the population from 5 billion, which it was at that time, to 1 billion by the year 2000. They were to use any and all means to do this. They believed that the earth could only handle 1 billion inhabitants. Their problem was how to exterminate 80% of the world population in 30 years. They modified the figure to be 2 billion by 2000, but the AIDS thing is going to take care of a good part of that for them. The latest figures coming out of Washington indicate that Africa is now as good as doomed. In another ten years, 75% of Africa will be dead.

There have been recent figures to suggest that 92% of all babies born in Africa today have the virus.

Yes. in India, the rate is 51%.

It seems extremely irresponsible for a government to create something that can take people and do that to them.

Well, it was the "undesirables" that were given the virus first.

They should have known that this thing was going to get out of hand.

They didn't know that was going to happen. It was also figured that it would affect the young set, those in their prime, most.

if they travel in time and know that geophysical changes will take care of a large part of the world's population, why would they bother to do it? Especially because you have a bunch of 50 year old men having to wait 30 years.

I don't know. Obviously they didn't think.

Or it wasn't them who were ultimately responsible. The only ones who would have a long term anything to gain would be aliens, so it further indicates that ultimately there are negative off-planet forces that are responsible. The aliens know about the changes.

How did they spread the virus initially?

Through World Health Organization inoculations that were contaminated with the virus. The first program was in black Africa in 1974 with the smallpox inoculations. They then went to Brazil and other Hispanic countries and did it there. In 1978, they laced the gamma globulin for the Hepititus B vaccine because the homosexual population was the greatest consumer. That's why it showed up first in the United States in the homosexual population and why it was claimed to be a homosexual disease. Nothing could be further from the truth, but it was something the Evangelists took up quickly, saying that AIDS was "Gods curse on the homosexual". People didn't worry about it who weren't gay. The people who planned this didn't figure on the ability of the virus to mutate.

It must taken someone with a really stupid mentality to do this.

What kind of disturbances have appeared with each appearance of these amoeba-like clouds?

Respiratory disturbances. It's been detected in the New York area and on the west coast. Details are scant, but they consider it a major problem. It affects the human system directly. It is also the mechanism behind the influenza attacks in 1916 and 1917 that killed so many people.

It is possible that the ozone layer was deliberately affected in order to allow this influence to come through?

I don't know. The greenhouse affect is taking hold because of it.

Is there any particular alien species whom it would benefit if the earth dried up and became desert?

Yes. The reptilians species might be good candidates.

Where do the Greys come from originally?

From outside our time/space continuum. The government does not fully understand where that is, since they don't trust a lot of their information about them.

Do the Pleiadians use the gravity amplifier to fold time and space?

No. They have a hyperspacial drive system. They don't do it in the same way. They use velocity rather than folding.

Aren't they beneficial to humans?

They have not been invited to help. They are also sensitive to earth politics, galactic directives, and their own policies. It comes down to the fact where you don't interfere when you're not asked. Even when you are asked, there are limits to what you can do.

Can they be asked?

Well, in the case where you would have interference on a mass basis, like in response to the Orion incursion, you're getting involved with the history of all humanity. We'll have to see.

I would think that the only hope would be to collectively raise the consciousness of the entire planet.

Right. There are also other problems. The government worked out a deal with the Greys some time ago and has some of their technology. Weapons have been developed. They now have a missle that has a minimum operational range of I light year. We can hit any spacecraft well beyond the solar system.

I saw a brief on the news where the Star Wars technology is being turned around in space to hit down asteroids. Will they in fact be used primarily as a planetary defense against alien incursion?

Yes. The directives out of Washington seem to point to the fact that the secret government wants no aliens here at all interfering with their plans. They have not solved the problem with the Greys.

How do aliens refer to religious concepts?

As far as I know, none of them have any religion as such. They acknowledge a divine source in the universe. The Greys refer to the universe as a mind.

What is your prognosis for the future of the human species?

It will survive.

Why was it mentioned at one time that 2011 was the last year that they could see anything tangible?

It was mentioned in the Mayan calendar that 2011-2013 was a barrier of some kind. Psychics have said that there is a 'barrier around 2013 that they can't go through.

That doesn't mean there is nothing beyond that.

No. It's just blocked from view. Even to the time machines. There are a lot of people wondering whether they are going to retain control over humanity beyond 2013.

There seems to be a quickening of consciousness right now as we are beginning to go into fourth density.

Right. There seems to be some evidence of this.

Do you know where the current entrances to Montauk are?

No, but I know they're there. The last time two people went out there to look they were abducted. They were knocked out electronically and taken underground to another facility where mental adjustments were made on them. They were returned to the spot, but one of them was not returned exactly at the same time as the other. There was about a 2 second gap and the one that was already there saw it. They knew immediately that something was wrong. They were given a warning. The underground system is still in operation. There are three entrances near AIL. They have three plants in the Farmingdale area. Brookhaven National Laboratories have an entrance to the system. There is also a connection to the Newark ITT Corporation building. From there a spur that goes to the ITT facility at Nutley. There is also a tunnel that goes from Newark to Wright Patterson AFB.

Do they use Maglev trains in this tunnels?

Yes. There is a very extensive tunnel network under the United States. The interesting things is that once you get past the coding system at the entrance elevators and get into the underground, nobody asks any questions. They assume you are supposed to be there, unless you make it obvious that you are not by your actions or appearance.

Why do humans age?

There are two genes missing from the human chromosome. One of them controls the aging process, so humans age. Because of this, when cells are duplicated in the body they are compared to the parent cell, not a master pattern that would exist in the genes, so the duplicate is not exactly the same is time. So humans age gradually.

There has been some discussion of the biorhythm cycles of the planet. Could you explain that again?

The cycles of humans are well known. It was not known until after 1983 after Montauk went down that the earth has cycles. It was discovered by accident. After an analysis, it came out that there were four basic cycles involved. These four cycles reach their maximum peak every 20 years. It's always on the 12th of August.

So the next peak will be in 2003?

Yes.

Do the biorhythm cycles of humans and those of the planet interlock'?

It is not known to interlock.

Have you seen the movie Milleneum? What can you say about the concepts portrayed there?

Yes. It was well done. It was an attempt to explain some disappearances. It's an intriguing idea. Strangely enough, they didn't cover something that really happend in Denver around 1965. A jet was coming in on final approach in daylight with no bad weather and vanished entirely from the radar screen. It was never found. No trace. Years later, in Tucson, I met the son of a man who was vice president of United Airlines. I asked him about it. He said, "how did you hear about that?". I said I read it in the newspapers and then it was hushed up. He said, .. you better believe it was". I asked him if anyone knew what happened to it, and he said that they had no idea. There was no wreckage, nothing. There is no way it could have happened like that.- but it did. The ideas in Millenium were more along the line of something they would have developed in the Phoenix project.

Are there any tunnels under the Pyramids?

There is a tunnel under Giza. No one knows when it was constructed or how.

How about spacecraft or anything else like that?

An expedition was mounted as a result of data gathered back in the 1920's and 1930's about a secret chamber under the pyramid. They built equipment in later years and went in down into the pyramid and found this metal door 500 feet below the base of the pyramid. They found other doors. The doors used a sonic code. They found a room with over 30,000 recording disks and alien equipment. They made photos of the disks with IR film. The Egyptian government wouldn't allow them to take any out. The disks were deciphered. They described the rise and fall of civilizations in outer space going back more than 100,000 years. This group built this record room and then built the pyramid over it. There was no UFO, but a lot of equipment was stored on three levels. They photographed over 2,700 record disks. According to an Air Force contact, these disks are sitting in a safe at Kirtland AFB in New Mexico. They don't want the public to know the information.

How is the government involved in cattle mutilations?

Human scientists are involved with longevity studies using adrenalyn. They have developed altered adrenlyn, and drugs called cordrazine, cortropinex, formazine, and hyronalix. All of them have an adrenalyn base. The only way to get the large quantitites of adrenalyn is to get them from cattle. Some of the substances they develop affect psychic development. Other drugs have physical restoration properties. Aliens use cattle for the biological materials as well. They use the materials in their breeding program and for the construction of cloned individuals.

Do you know when the Federal Reserve is going to issue the new money?

I don't know. There have been several dates that have come and gone. When they do all the current cash will be worthless.

The plan is to give a short notice date by which people will have to turn in their old money for new. Of course, you will have to account for it, especially since it is now illegal for you to have $3,000 or more on your person. It's coming.

Would you consider the secret government the Fourth Reich?

It's hard to say. My understanding of it is that the secret government is not connected with the Nazis but with world bankers, old money and what's called the "black nobility". These were the blue-bloods of Europe. They actually did have blue blood, and it was not hemoglobin based but copper based. They were semi-human. There are still to this day, some animal species in South America that have copper based blood systems. There was a problem with hemophilia, and not because of intermarrying. The problem was that they started to marry outside of the copper based blood system. Hemoglobin and copper systems don't mix. That's where the laws against marrying commoners originated.

What about these synthetic humans?

Human cloning was developed at the University of Utah at Salt Lake City in 1977. They first aired this on TV as part of a series. They had an alleged human clone on TV that they were interviewing. It didn't talk very well. They showed the original human and the clone. The clone was not all that successful. It took 14 months to generate a fully adult human clone in a tank. It was a two part series. The second part of the series never aired, for obvious reasons. CIA sources have confirmed that it started at the University of Utah. The government has a facility for clones. The first one was built in the Mount Hood area, about sixty miles east of Portland, Oregon. They have other facilities in other locations. Locations must have stable geomagnetic fields and other special characteristics or the cloning process does not work properly. They can replicate them faster now. They have clones of all the major government figures. This is partly for security reasons. it also creates the situation that when someone falls out of favor, they clone the person and kill the original. This kind of thing apparently happens with some frequency.

There have been allegations by some that Carter and Reagan were replaced.

Yes. I've heard that, but I have no information that says that it happened. Reagan looked a bit funny after his assassination attempt, particularly after he came out of the hospital.

It's curious about the cloning facility in Portland. Were there not reports in the 1960's or 70's about people seeing a spitting image of Hitler there?

Yes. it is curious. There isn't any connection that we can establish, but anything is possible. Hitler could have died as late as 1984. I have heard rumors that he was the top director of the Phoenix project, but those rumors were not considered to have any merit by most people. Eichmann was apparently involved at one point until the Israelis got him. A lot of top level Nazi scientists were involved. There was a man called Huntermann who was the associate director of the project. We wondered if there was anybody above him. There was - a complete collection of pure Nazis at the top. The Germans were also involved in work with the Greys and cloning processes.

Are they Nazis still running things?

Idon't know what interconnections they may have today. I have two friends who say opposite things. one says that the Nazis are in charge and the other says that Jewish scientists are in charge. Other people say its MJ-12. Take your pick. I think that they're all involved.

That's very interesting about the duality of the Germans and the Jews. Recently, we received information that these two groups of entities are originally from one source out there somewhere, and that they were banned to this planet to work out their differences. They have apparently always sought to destroy each other ... and they are still doing it on many levels. Everyone else just has to stand by and put up with it, I guess. it just adds to the mess. Orientation of both groups appears to be negatively oriented toward service to self instead of others. There have been things recently said by abductees that indicate that they were taken to joint Nazi-Alien bases were they had swastikas on the walls. This was within the last two years.

Do you remember the Reinhold-Schmidt story? He was a businessman who lived in New Jersey in the 1950's. I finally got a copy of his book. He insisted that one time when he was driving home from work, something went wrong with his car. He was approached by someone and was taken aboard a saucer. All the occupants were dressed in black clothing and talked in German. To him it appeared like they might be Nazis. He wasn't sure but he thought they were. They picked him up by agreement several times thereafter. He began talking about it and he had a visit from government agents who told him to shut up. He insisted. He was picked up and put into treatment in a mental hospital for about four months. When he came out he was a changed man. He died sometime later. Up until he went into the mental hospital, he was insistent on his story. This was approximately 1956. I'm not sure. He was a prominent businessman. It was a sensational story at the time.

It's interesting that you should mention copper based blood before. Aren't the Nordics involved with that?

Yes. Although Nordics are humanoid and externally almost identical to humans. There are subtle differences in the Nordic alien physiology, and most of them are based on the living conditions that they have grown up in. Their planets are extremely hot and dry, and have a low oxygen content in the atmosphere. They have a larger lung capacity than humans and have a copper based blood in order to carry oxygen more efficiently. The eyes are protected by inner lids and can allow them to see into the ultraviolet range of the spectrum. They have only 28 teeth, as they lack a back pair of molars. Their heads are longer than humans. The brain case is about .2 mm thicker and the bone is harder. The brain is the same as the human brain as far as structure and size is concerned, except for the midbrain area, where there are functions that allow telepathic and telekinetic skills. It explains the psionic powers of the Nordics. They average about 2 meters in height. Females about 1.7 meters. They have no sweat glands. The skin allows moisture to be drawn from the air as well as moisture to penetrate. The heart beats at around 242 beats per minute, and the average blood pressure is 80 systolic and 40 diastolic. They have extremely dilated blood vessels. The heart is located where the human liver would be. The cartilage that would protect a human heart extends down 3.5cm further in the Nordic in order to protect this structure. Blood cells are biconvex in contrast to the concave cells of humans. Kidney type functions only allow about half the liquid consumed to be excreted. The rest is evidently put back into the system. Urine is thick with minerals and appears in color and texture to freshly pumped crude oil. Feces are dry pellets with all moisture removed. The adult Nordic can regulate the amount of adrenalyn in their body. They have no pineal gland. Nordic females are capable of being impregnated at any time, but the males are capable of impregnation about once a year. The period of incubation is three to five months.

What about the Sirians?

Well, we are finding out that they are seemingly involved in the Dark Side activities with abductees along with the Greys and elements of the US military and intelligence forces. we are finding out that Reich programming is currently being used as of December 1990 on abductees. This is a direct outgrowth of work at Montauk. The Sirians are usually described as about 6 ½ feet tall, blond hair cut very short, and blue eyes that have a cat's eye vertical pupil. They're negatively oriented. I have been working on a case where this 21 year old woman has had contact with them, the last time being in December 1990. The beings present were the short little helpers that the Greys use; the ones that wear hooded cloaks. There were Grey clones, tall Greys, Sirians and US military personnel of some description. The woman had her breasts and other body parts hooked up to some machine that maintained her in a pre-orgastic state while they used inculcation bars with red and blue lights to aid in the programming. When she does something they don't like, they take her out of her body and stick her in this black box, where there is terrible loneliness and isolation. She really broke down when she was describing that, saying that she didn't want them to put her back in the box. They evidently told her that if she talked too much they were going to do that. On the lighter side, she has also had contact with positive groups. There has been some discussion as to whether these negative Sirians are part of the Kamagol II group that built the records chamber under Gizeh, but that has not been established. The negative Sirians are considered part of the Orion group that is playing the domination/control game.

Is there some significance to the red and blue lights in the inculcation bar?

The lights on the bar are of special frequencies. Pulsing of these lights is often combined with sonic patterns to virtually reprogram the mind of the individual. This kind of activity has been going on for tens of thousands of years. Why do you think that the Orion based groups that control todays society use red and blue on police car lights? Its very restimulative and many people have buried memories of programming sessions that have occurred through their various lives. The result is fear and negative emotional response. It appears that during the last 40 years there have been a lot of people that have been incarnating that were on one side or the other in Nazi Germany, and we are finding a lot of abductees that have memories of the Greys during that period. Sometimes they find that they are dealing with the same exact beings they dealt with in another lifetime. Of course, we know that abductions also follow multi-generational patterns. It all ties together.

There have been some that have said that Hitler was connected into things in terms of the Aryan race and ET's. What is the story behind that?

Well, Hitler spend a lot of time in libraries before his mother died, and he was convinced that the white race was going to be squeezed out of existence in anoth&r 75 years. He decided that he was going to be the defender of the Aryan race. This was back before World War One. He was also relating this to the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion, where in the 24th protocol it says that the white race will be destroyed by genetic inter-marriage. He wanted to stop the trend. He became interested in metaphysics. The Dark Side involvement began after a bout with peyote before World War One and his involvement with the Thule Society, which was connected to Aleister Crowley and the Order of the Golden Dawn in England. Hitler also adopted the idea of fighting the communists, because the communists were just about ready to take over Germany. There were not Greys around in large numbers but they were there. The Germans were involved with alien technology. They had one version with electromagnetic drive. They had jet aircraft in 1943. They had nuclear weapons but Hitler did not use them. Mind control research was ongoing.

Getting back to present day, what do you think about the idea that the Saudi government is being bankrupted by the US?

Well, the Rockefeller group sold the Saudis 30 year notes back in the 1960's. They are coming due. The Saudis want to get out of the paperwork nightmare so they won't lose all their money. The Rockefeller banks were going to declare bankruptcy, so the Saudis said they would pull all their investments out of the United States and collapse the economy totally. The United States backed down and that is the reason why there is all that forgiveness of debt business going on. It was done with Bushes authority. The Saudis were satisfied. Now the problem with Iraq arises. The Israelis have refused to carry out the deals they have made about leaving the west bank area. Hussein is saying that if the United States can convince Israel to do that for the Palestinians, then he will walk out of Kuwait. That will defuse the entire Middle East situation. January 15th is the apparent deadline date. There are people in government that are crazier than Hussein. As of early December 1990, a contract already exists with Flora Construction company to rebuild Kuwait, so its going to happen anyway.

Does Iraq have nuclear devices?

I'm not sure. They were stealing trigger devices for quite a while before the government found out about it and started substituting non-functional ones. It's believed that they do. The Iraqis are also said to have devices that had their origin in Nazi Germany, such as the air-fuel bomb, which will "turn the air to fire" and suffocate American troops. There is a concern that he will also use chemical weapons. The United States used chemical weapons in Korea and Vietnam. If Iraq uses them, the United States will respond with devastating force. It would be a good time for the secret government to bring out their disks and impersonate alien species in an attempt to pacify the planet. When the United States wins the conflict, it will produce potential problems for years.

It is seen as the only option. They could impose this in a pseudo-religious way in an attempt to unify religious groups that are on "holy war" campaigns. Either way, presence of .. an apparently benevolent technology" would cause a peaceful unification. Presence of "an apparent malevolent technology" would achieve the same thing, but with a negative unification based on fear. There are again another aspects to the middle east scenarios. One aspect is that the middle east represents an annoying delay to the secret government that has been caused by Iraq. This delay could affect certain types of agenda. Another aspect is that since the US basically controls the planet, all this is a sham for the public - to keep humans up tight, in fear, and at each others' throats it could be reflective of what is ultimately an Orion based agenda. It is a matter of record that flying disks have been seen in all wars and conflicts.

How about the Congress? Are they aware of the alien and drug things that are going on?

Some of them are, but they are turning their heads because they want to collect their retirement. They're just hoping the government will be solvent when they get to that point. There is no question that as we enter 1991, many agendas will accelerate and many hands will be forced.

Are the men in black residents of Earth?

The group is an off-world one. They monitor conditions on the planet. They are not physical beings, but they can become solid.

Do the black helicopters have anything to do with the MIB?

No. They are managed by the Army. It is a super secret group that have bases all over the United States. They have one near Sedona. They have one in Connecticutt and in Newark, New Jersey. The helicopters have no markings and are used for operations involving drug smuggling, mutilations and security for alien related operations and projects. Obviously, it's all illegal as hell, and they have been getting away with it for 40 years.

What about the subliminal programming that happens with television?

The FCC "ruled" years ago that it was illegal, but it never stopped. You find it more common on cable tv. There are using subliminal conditioning on all cable networks. They use it to emphasize different elements of what you are seeing around you. People end up being brainwashed and stay ignorant.

What are some of the capabilities they have?

The government has vans that drive around that are capable of complete mind disruption. They have used it before to kill a man in his house in fifteen minutes. All it takes is four helicopters flying in tandem to completely mentally wreck a city if they have those pods on them. The pods are an outgrowth of the Phoenix project. They, can produce heavy mood control over a city. They are going into areas beyond the electromagnetic. They are trying to increase the,stress level in the population. It is no secret that Bechtel was laying cables under major metropolitan areas several years-ago,claiming that it was being laid for others" whom they wouldn't reveal. It had nothing to do with electric, telephone or cable TV.

What is another possibility as to why the death of the father of the One World government failed to produce the dematerialization of the future leader of the One World government?

This seeming paradox can be better explained this way: The people who went back and tried to kill the father were successful but the son still lived. This is all related to the Grandfather Paradox. The truth of the matter is that they prevented the birth of the leader of the One World government not in the time stream where the existing person was born but in a parallel one where he never existed in the first place. It existed before and after the effort to kill the father; the parallel time stream also exists where the Germans overtly won the second world war. There are differing but parallel interrelated worlds and universes, each having an endless number of streams relating to individual entities. These streams are ultimately expressed as different patterns and outcomes for the same entity depending on the level of expression for the entity at any one time. All divergent entities are part of the one reality which is the all embracing unity. The varied potential tracks all exist as one unified central force. The parallel tracks that exist in our universe, depending upon which one of them is taken, will determine the ultimate outcome for the individual entity, and this can change.

What is the actual nature and purpose of the Orion group?

Basically, the purpose of the Orion group is enslavement and conquest. Their objective is to locate certain individuals who vibrate in resonance with their own vibrational complex and manipulate them. There is a concept called spiritual entropy which apparently causes them to experience constant disintegration of their social memory complexes. They do follow the Law of One but observe free will according to service to self. Those on the enslaved planet then disseminate the attitudes and philosophy which is service to self. These individuals become the "elite". Through the elite, the attempt begins to create a condition whereby the remainder of the planetary entities are enslaved by their free will.

That seems like what is happening on the planet right now, especially in the United States.

Yes.

Why don't they just come down in force instead of using the back door, as it were?

Well, they could. A mass landing would create a loss of polarization due to the infringement on the free will of the planet. If the planet were then conquered and became part of the Empire, the free will would then be reestablished. The way they are doing it is characteristic of the Orion group - to have others do their dirty work for them, including humans. That way, the abridgement of free will is not so obvious. It didn't help the situation when agreements were made with different alien species. It didn't matter that the agreements were made with groupings of humans that did not represent the wishes of the mass consciousness. The technical fact of the agreement allowed a lot of action that was negatively polarized. The Orion group specifically targets civilizations before they become a social memory complex.

What does it mean to have a society with a social memory?

Well, a social complex consisting of individual entities becomes a social memory complex when it adopts one orientation or seeking in a specific direction. When this happens, the group memory that was not available to individuals becomes known. The advantage of a social memory complex is the relative lack of distortion.

What does polarization mean for an individual entity?

Generally, entities can have little or no polarization, positive polarization or negative polarization. A positively polarized entity will select a path embodying service to others. An entity choosing negative polarization would focus on service to self. A negative polarization involves the elements of control and repression. For example, a negatively polarized entity would seek separation from and control over others by sexual means and have the idea of power as an end. The negatively oriented entity will program for maximum separation from and control over all entities which it perceives as being other than itself.

Are not all humans, for example, expressions of each other?

Well, yes. Entities will eventually realize that their actions on other selves are actually being done to themselves, since the consciousness present in each entity is a variation on the same thing. The individuation is present to allow maximum differentiation of potentiality and creation.

Many people have been discussing the idea that we are going into fourth density. What does that mean?

Basically another general vibratory rate. It also relates to the realization that one is not separate from the creator. It is that kind of spectrum which has been called by the Christians as the "second coming". The second coming is a state of being, not an individual arriving and establishing a power hierarchy.

When will this be completed?

Well, entities on this planet should make the attempt to polarize in terms of what excites them no later than 1993, or it will be harder to do so. Polarization can be positive or negative. Generally, the fourth density is much more full of life. Entities must still care for their physical vehicles. It is also a density where compassion, understanding and love are more predominant. Full conversion to fourth density will occur between 2003 and 2013.

Its interesting that according to the mathematics behind the I Ching, everything goes jackpot around 2012.

Yes. Nothing will be the same on Earth. It is changing right now. What we are seeing is basically the death of the third density way of life.

Does density level refer to polarization?

An entity can be negatively polarized and in fourth density, but it is an intense struggle because of the development of telepathic functions. If there is a place in which fourth density negative entities have established a power structure, then there is more use of the concept of mind control in order to keep the negative structure from conversion to positive orientation.

What about the upcoming geological changes? How does that relate to all of this?

The fourth density is a vibrational spectrum. The time/space continuum has put Earth and that star system into that type of vibration. This causes electromagnetic realignments within the body of the planet. The energies and collective thoughtforms of the population also disturb the energy patterns of the planet. Geological changes accompany transition between densities. At this point we are in the last 20 years at the end of a cycle which has lasted 75,000 years.

Anything more about fourth density?

The majority of the Orion group are of fourth density. Some are positively oriented toward service to others, but most that are concerned with the current situation are negatively polarized and playing the domination game. Entities on Earth following any religion or no religion at all will move into fourth density if they are that vibration. Entities not at fourth density vibration will remain at third density vibration and will move to other locations to continue third density life until their vibrational level increases and polarizes in time with a cycle of density movement. The polarization can be positive or negative.

How does the idea of a higher self relate to densities?

In terms of an entity perceiving through as linear time structure, the higher self exists in sixth density and functions in the entites "future". One interesting aspect of it is that the entity who is perceiving the higher self manifestation is actually a thoughtform materialized by the "higher self" itself. Entities in these terms are actually a complex composed of what they perceive to be mind", "body", and "spirit". These complexes can occur within single entities or groups, depending on the specific space/time conditions. The higher self is that self which exists with full understanding of the accumulation of experiences of that entity. At one point, the entity perceives a lower self and a higher self. They are not actually there "simultaneously"; functions of the higher self interact from a position in development which equates to the linear "future" of the entity, as perceived by an entity in this state. Obviously, cultural conditioning encourages development of impotent states of mind where the "lower self" is in control and the "higher self" is reached very little or totally ignored. There is no synthesis that will permit the energy of the intelligent matrix to flow correctly.

How are the cultural states of mind organized? How do they fill the needs of the Orion group and the Brotherhood?

Well, start with the prime factor of body identification. The society promotes the concept of "you are your body", which results in fear, especially fear of "death", which is tied in with the idea of physical pain. Combine this with religious doctrine and various cultural ideologies, and you have a very fertile ground for manipulation. There is also promotion of identification with the personality and ego. The ego is culturally conditioned to a reactionary state which is encouraged by media and literature to focus on the elements of security, sensation and power. Under these circumstances, individuals are basically disempowered and blind. In terms of cultural activity, individuals are put in a position where they spend most of their time dealing with "self preservation", "self-gratification", and "self-definition". These functions are basically left hemisphere related. The ego structure often becomes fragmented into "partial selves", making the problem even worse. What is missing is the love of truth, life, and the creator that we are all a part of. The idea is to transform "self-preservation" into right action, .. self-gratification" into right feeling, and "self-definition" into right thought. This is not probable in the Orion based culture in which we reside if the missing elements are not introduced. What will help to introduce it is the quickening of the vibrational resonance as we move into the fourth density, and what we are seeing around us is the desperation of the negative forces as they grapple for position and control. The alien agendas are beyond secret government manipulation, and at this time they are very worried. That is why the mind control technology has been developed and implemented - to make sure that they can try and preserve control over the population.

Thanks to the publication "The Sovereign Scribe", we are following this section with some interviews with Al Bielek and Preston Nichols; the material relates very well to the data that you have just read. It features some interesting data about the alleged United States ventures on Mars and more data about the Delta-T antennas. Enjoy!

 

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SEE LINK http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/orion_technology.htm

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - ANGELS & DEMONS 8


A particle accelerator (or atom smasher[1]) is a device that uses electric fields to propel electrically-charged particles to high speeds and to contain them. An ordinary CRT television set is a simple form of accelerator. There are two basic types: linear accelerators and circular accelerators.

This page describes types of particle accelerators. For a list of existing and historic particle accelerators see: List of accelerators in particle physics.

Uses of particle accelerators

Beams of high-energy particles are useful for both fundamental and applied research in the sciences. For the most basic inquiries into the dynamics and structure of matter, space, and time, physicists seek the simplest kinds of interactions at the highest possible energies. These typically entail particle energies of many GeV, and the interactions of the simplest kinds of particles: leptons (e.g. electrons and positrons) and quarks for the matter, or photons and gluons for the field quanta. Since isolated quarks are experimentally unavailable due to color confinement, the simplest available experiments involve the interactions of, first, leptons with each other, and second, of leptons with nucleons, which are composed of quarks and gluons. To study the collisions of quarks with each other, we resort to collisions of nucleons, which at high energy may be usefully considered as essentially 2-body interactions of the quarks and gluons of which they are composed. Thus elementary particle physicists tend to use machines creating beams of electrons, positrons, protons, and anti-protons, interacting with each other or with the simplest nuclei (eg, hydrogen or deuterium) at the highest possible energies, generally hundreds of GeV or more.

At a higher level of complexity, nuclear physicists and cosmologists may use beams of bare atomic nuclei, stripped of electrons, to investigate the structure, interactions, and properties of the nuclei themselves, and of condensed matter at extremely high temperatures and densities, such as might have occurred in the first moments of the Big Bang. These investigations often involve collisions of heavy nuclei--of atoms like iron or gold--at energies of several GeV per nucleon. At lower energies, beams of accelerated nuclei are also used in medicine, as for the treatment of cancer.

Besides being of fundamental interest, high energy electrons may be coaxed into emitting extremely bright and coherent beams of high energy photons--ultraviolet and X ray--via synchrotron radiation, which photons have numerous uses in the study of atomic structure, chemistry, condensed matter physics, biology, and technology. Examples include the ESRF in Europe, which has recently been used to extract detailed three - dimensional images of insects trapped in amber [2] Thus there is a great demand for electron accelerators of moderate (GeV) energy and high intensity.

High-energy machines

Beam lines leading from the Van de Graaf accelerator to various experiments, in the basement of the Jussieu Campus in Paris
Beam lines leading from the Van de Graaf accelerator to various experiments, in the basement of the Jussieu Campus in Paris

Linear high-energy accelerators use a linear array of plates (or drift tubes) to which an alternating high-energy field is applied. As the particles approach a plate they are accelerated towards it by an opposite polarity charge applied to the plate. As they pass through a hole in the plate, the polarity is switched so that the plate now repels them and they are now accelerated by it towards the next plate. Normally a stream of "bunches" of particles are accelerated, so a carefully controlled AC voltage is applied to each plate to continuously repeat this process for each bunch.

In early particle accelerators a Cockcroft-Walton voltage multiplier was responsible for voltage multiplying. This piece of the accelerator helped in the development of the atomic bomb.  Built in 1937 by Philips of Eindhoven it currently resides in the National Science Museum in London, England.
In early particle accelerators a Cockcroft-Walton voltage multiplier was responsible for voltage multiplying. This piece of the accelerator helped in the development of the atomic bomb. Built in 1937 by Philips of Eindhoven it currently resides in the National Science Museum in London, England.

As the particles approach the speed of light the switching rate of the electric fields becomes so high that they operate at microwave frequencies, and so RF cavity resonators are used in higher energy machines instead of simple plates.

DC accelerator types capable of accelerating particles to speeds sufficient to cause nuclear reactions are Cockcroft-Walton generators or voltage multipliers, which convert AC to high voltage DC, or Van de Graaff generators that use static electricity carried by belts.

The largest and most powerful particle accelerators, such as the RHIC, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) (scheduled to start operation in 2008) and the Tevatron, are used for experimental particle physics. Particle accelerators can also produce proton beams, which can produce "proton-heavy" medical or research isotopes as opposed to the "neutron-heavy" ones made in fission reactors. An example of this type of machine is LANSCE at Los Alamos.

Low-energy machines

Everyday examples of particle accelerators are those found in television sets and X-ray generators. Low-energy accelerators such as cathode ray tubes and X-ray generators use a single pair of electrodes with a DC voltage of a few thousand volts between them. In an X-ray generator, the target itself is one of the electrodes. A low-energy particle accelerator called an ion implanter is used in the manufacture of integrated circuits.

Linear particle accelerators

In a linear accelerator (linac), particles are accelerated in a straight line with a target of interest at one end. Linacs are very widely used - every cathode ray tube contains one. They are also used to provide an initial low-energy kick to particles before they are injected into circular accelerators. The longest linac in the world is the Stanford Linear Accelerator, SLAC, which is 3 km (2 miles) long. SLAC is an electron-positron collider.

The now disused Koffler particle accelerator at the Weitzmann Institute, one of Israel's most accomplished institutions of higher learning in the sciences.
The now disused Koffler particle accelerator at the Weitzmann Institute, one of Israel's most accomplished institutions of higher learning in the sciences.

Linear accelerators are also widely used in medicine, for radiotherapy and radiosurgery. Medical grade LINACs accelerate electrons using a klystron and a complex bending magnet arrangement which produces a beam of 6-30 million electron-volt (MeV) energy. The electrons can be used directly or they can be collided with a target to produce a beam of X-rays. The reliability, flexibility and accuracy of the radiation beam produced has largely supplanted the older use of Cobalt-60 therapy as a treatment tool.

Tandem electrostatic accelerators

In a tandem accelerator, the negatively charged ion gains energy by attraction to the very high positive voltage at the geometric centre of the pressure vessel. When it arrives at the centre region known as the high voltage terminal, some electrons are stripped from the ion. The ion then becomes positive and accelerated away by the high positive voltage. Thus, this type of accelerator is called a 'tandem' accelerator. The accelerator has two stages of acceleration, first pulling and then pushing the charged particles. An example of a tandem accelerator is ANTARES (Australian National Tandem Accelerator for Applied Research).

Circular or cyclic accelerators

In the circular accelerator, particles move in a circle until they reach sufficient energy. The particle track is typically bent into a circle using electromagnets. The advantage of circular accelerators over linear accelerators (linacs) is that the ring topology allows continuous acceleration, as the particle can transit indefinitely. Another advantage is that a circular accelerator is relatively smaller than a linear accelerator of comparable power (i.e. a linac would have to be extremely long to have the equivalent power of a circular accelerator).

Depending on the energy and the particle being accelerated, circular accelerators suffer a disadvantage in that the particles emit synchrotron radiation. When any charged particle is accelerated, it emits electromagnetic radiation and secondary emissions. As a particle traveling in a circle is always accelerating towards the center of the circle, it continuously radiates towards the tangent of the circle. This radiation is called synchrotron light and depends highly on the mass of the accelerating particle. For this reason, many high energy electron accelerators are linacs. Certain accelerators (synchrotrons) are however built specially for producing synchrotron light (X-rays).

Since the special theory of relativity requires that matter always travels slower than the speed of light in a vacuum, in high-energy accelerators, as the energy increases the particle speed approaches the speed of light as a limit, never quite attained. Therefore particle physicists do not generally think in terms of speed, but rather in terms of a particle's energy or momentum, usually measured in electron volts (eV). An important principle for circular accelerators, and particle beams in general, is that the curvature of the particle trajectory is proportional to the particle charge and to the magnetic field, but inversely proportional to the (typically relativistic) momentum.

Cyclotrons

The earliest circular accelerators were cyclotrons, invented in 1929 by Ernest O. Lawrence at the University of California, Berkeley. Cyclotrons have a single pair of hollow 'D'-shaped plates to accelerate the particles and a single large dipole magnet to bend their path into a circular orbit. It is a characteristic property of charged particles in a uniform and constant magnetic field B that they orbit with a constant period, at a frequency called the cyclotron frequency, so long as their speed is small compared to the speed of light c. This means that the accelerating D's of a cyclotron can be driven at a constant frequency by a radio frequency (RF) accelerating power source, as the beam spirals outwards continuously. The particles are injected in the centre of the magnet and are extracted at the outer edge at their maximum energy.

Cyclotrons reach an energy limit because of relativistic effects whereby the particles effectively become more massive, so that their cyclotron frequency drops out of synch with the accelerating RF. Therefore simple cyclotrons can accelerate protons only to an energy of around 15 million electron volts (15 MeV, corresponding to a speed of roughly 10% of c), because the protons get out of phase with the driving electric field. If accelerated further, the beam would continue to spiral outward to a larger radius but the particles would no longer gain enough speed to complete the larger circle in step with the accelerating RF. Cyclotrons are nevertheless still useful for lower energy applications

Synchrocyclotrons and isochronous cyclotrons

Main article: Synchrocyclotron

There are ways of modifying the classic cyclotron to increase the energy limit. This may be done in a continuous beam, constant frequency, machine by shaping the magnet poles so to increase magnetic field with radius. Then higher energy particles travel a shorter distance in each orbit than they otherwise would, and can remain in phase with the accelerating field. Such machines are called isochronous cyclotrons. Their advantage is that they can deliver continuous beams of higher average intensity, which is useful for some applications. The main disadvantages are the size and cost of the large magnet needed, and the difficulty in achieving the higher field required at the outer edge.

Another possibility, the synchrocyclotron, accelerates the particles in bunches, in a constant B field, but reduces the RF accelerating field's frequency so as to keep the particles in step as they spiral outward. This approach suffers from low average beam intensity due to the bunching, and again from the need for a huge magnet of large radius and constant field over the larger orbit demanded by high energy.

Betatrons

Main article: Betatron

Another type of circular accelerator, invented in 1940 for accelerating electrons, is the Betatron. These machines, like synchrotrons, use a donut-shaped ring magnet (see below) with a cyclically increasing B field, but accelerate the particles by induction from the increasing magnetic field, as if they were the secondary winding in a transformer, due to the changing magnetic flux through the orbit. Achieving constant orbital radius while supplying the proper accelerating electric field requires that the magnetic flux linking the orbit be somewhat independent of the magnetic field on the orbit, bending the particles into a constant radius curve. These machines have in practice been limited by the large radiative losses suffered by the electrons moving at nearly the speed of light in a relatively small radius orbit.

Synchrotrons

Main article: Synchrotron

To reach still higher energies, with relativistic mass approaching or exceeding the rest mass of the particles (for protons, billions of electron volts GeV), it is necessary to use a synchrotron. This is an accelerator in which the particles are accelerated in a ring of constant radius. An immediate advantage over cyclotrons is that the magnetic field need only be present over the actual region of the particle orbits, which is very much narrower than the diameter of the ring. (The largest cyclotron built in the US had a 184 in dia magnet pole, whereas the diameter of the LEP and LHC is nearly 10 km. The aperture of the beam of the latter was of the order of centimeters.)

However, since the particle momentum increases during acceleration, it is necessary to turn up the magnetic field B in proportion to maintain constant curvature of the orbit. In consequence synchrotrons cannot accelerate particles continuously, as cyclotrons can, but must operate cyclically, supplying particles in bunches, which are delivered to a target or an external beam in beam "spills" typically every few seconds. Note that since high energy synchrotrons do most of their work on particles that are already traveling at nearly the speed of light c, the time to complete one orbit of the ring is nearly constant, as is the frequency of the RF power needed to drive the acceleration.

Note also a further point about modern synchrotrons: because the beam aperture is small and the magnetic field does not cover the entire area of the particle orbit as it does for a cyclotron, several necessary functions can be separated. Instead of one huge magnet, one has a line of hundreds of bending magnets, enclosing (or enclosed by) vacuum connecting pipes. The focusing of the beam is handled independently by specialized quadrupole magnets, while the acceleration itself is accomplished in separate RF sections, rather similar to short linear accelerators. Also, there is no necessity that cyclic machines be circular, but rather the beam pipe may have straight sections between magnets where beams may collide. be cooled, etc.

Aerial photo of the Tevatron at Fermilab.  The main accelerator is the ring above; the one below (about one-third the diameter, despite appearances) is for preliminary acceleration, beam cooling and storage, etc.
Aerial photo of the Tevatron at Fermilab. The main accelerator is the ring above; the one below (about one-third the diameter, despite appearances) is for preliminary acceleration, beam cooling and storage, etc.

More complex modern synchrotrons such as the Tevatron, LEP, and LHC (still under construction) may deliver the particle bunches into storage rings of magnets with constant B, where they can continue to orbit for long periods for experimentation or further acceleration. The highest-energy machines such as the Tevatron and LHC are actually accelerator complexes, with a cascade of specialized elements in series, including linear accelerators for initial beam creation, one or more low energy synchrotrons to reach intermediate energy, storage rings where beams can be accumulated or "cooled" (reducing the magnet aperture required and permitting tighter focusing; see beam cooling), and a last large ring for final acceleration and experimentation.

Electron synchrotrons

Segment of an electron synchrotron at DESY
Segment of an electron synchrotron at DESY

Circular electron accelerators fell somewhat out of favor for particle physics around the time that SLAC was constructed, because their synchrotron losses were considered economically prohibitive and because their beam intensity was lower than for the unpulsed linear machines. The Cornell Electron Synchrotron, built at low cost in the late 1960s, was the first in a series of high-energy circular electron accelerators built for fundamental particle physics, culminating in the LEP at CERN.

A large number of electron synchrotrons have been built in the past two decades, specialized to be synchrotron light sources, of ultraviolet light and X rays; see below.

Storage rings

Main article: Storage ring

For some applications, it is useful to store beams of high energy particles for some time (with modern high vacuum technology, up to many hours) without further acceleration. This is especially true for colliding beam accelerators, in which two beams moving in opposite directions are made to collide with each other, with a large gain in effective collision energy. Because relatively few collisions occur at each pass through the intersection point of the two beams, it is customary to first accelerate the beams to the desired energy, and then store them in storage rings, which are essentially synchrotron rings of magnets, with no significant RF power for acceleration.

Synchrotron radiation sources

Some circular accelerators have been built to deliberately generate radiation (called synchrotron light) as X-rays also called synchrotron radiation, for example the Diamond Light Source being built at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in England or the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois, USA. High-energy X-rays are useful for X-ray spectroscopy of proteins or X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) for example.

Synchrotron radiation is more powerfully emitted by lighter particles, so these accelerators are invariably electron accelerators. Synchrotron radiation allows for better imaging as researched and developed at SLAC's SPEAR.

History

Lawrence's first cyclotron was a mere 4 inches (100 mm) in diameter. Later he built a machine with a 60 in dia pole face, and planned one with a 184-inch dia, which was, however, taken over for WWII-related work connected with uranium isotope separation; after the war it continued in service for research and medicine over many years.

The first large proton synchrotron was the Cosmotron at Brookhaven National Laboratory, which accelerated protons to about 3 GeV. The Bevatron at Berkeley, completed in 1954, was specifically designed to accelerate protons to sufficient energy to create anti-protons, and verify the particle-antiparticle symmetry of nature, then only strongly suspected. The Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) at Brookhaven was the first large synchrotron with alternating gradient, "strong focusing" magnets, which greatly reduced the required aperture of the beam, and correspondingly the size and cost of the bending magnets. The Proton Synchrotron, built at CERN, was the first major European particle accelerator and generally similar to the AGS.

The Fermilab Tevatron has a ring with a beam path of 4 miles (6 km). The largest circular accelerator ever built was the LEP synchrotron at CERN with a circumference 26.6 kilometers, which was an electron/positron collider. It has been dismantled and the underground tunnel is being reused for a proton/antiproton collider called the LHC, due to start operation in at the end of July 2008. The aborted Superconducting Supercollider (SSC) in Texas would have had a circumference of 87 km. Construction was started in 1991, but abandoned in 1993. Very large circular accelerators are invariably built in underground tunnels a few metres wide to minimize the disruption and cost of building such a structure on the surface, and to provide shielding against intense secondary radiations that may occur. These are extremely penetrating at high energies.

Current accelerators such as the Spallation Neutron Source, incorporate superconducting cryomodules. The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, and upcoming Large Hadron Collider also make use of superconducting magnets and RF cavity resonators to accelerate particles.

Targets and detectors

The output of a particle accelerator can generally be directed towards multiple lines of experiments, one at a given time, by means of a deviating electromagnet. This makes it possible to operate multiple experiments without needing to move things around or shutting down the entire accelerator beam. Except for synchrotron radiation sources, the purpose of an accelerator is to generate high-energy particles for interaction with matter.

This is usually a fixed target, such as the phosphor coating on the back of the screen in the case of a television tube; a piece of uranium in an accelerator designed as a neutron source; or a tungsten target for an X-ray generator. In a linac, the target is simply fitted to the end of the accelerator. The particle track in a cyclotron is a spiral outwards from the centre of the circular machine, so the accelerated particles emerge from a fixed point as for a linear accelerator.

For synchrotrons, the situation is more complex. Particles are accelerated to the desired energy. Then, a fast acting dipole magnet is used to switch the particles out of the circular synchrotron tube and towards the target.

A variation commonly used for particle physics research is a collider, also called a storage ring collider. Two circular synchrotrons are built in close proximity - usually on top of each other and using the same magnets (which are then of more complicated design to accommodate both beam tubes). Bunches of particles travel in opposite directions around the two accelerators and collide at intersections between them. This can increase the energy enormously; whereas in a fixed-target experiment the energy available to produce new particles is proportional to the square root of the beam energy, in a collider the available energy is linear.

Higher energies

At present the highest energy accelerators are all circular colliders, but it is likely that limits have been reached in respect of compensating for synchrotron radiation losses for electron accelerators, and the next generation will probably be linear accelerators 10 times the current length. An example of such a next generation electron accelerator is the 40 km long International Linear Collider, due to be constructed between 2015-2020.

As of 2005, it is believed that plasma wakefield acceleration in the form of electron-beam 'afterburners' and standalone laser pulsers will provide dramatic increases in efficiency within two to three decades. In plasma wakefield accelerators, the beam cavity is filled with a plasma (rather than vacuum). A short pulse of electrons or laser light either constitutes or immediately trails the particles that are being accelerated. The pulse disrupts the plasma, causing the charged particles in the plasma to integrate into and move toward the rear of the bunch of particles that are being accelerated. This process transfers energy to the particle bunch, accelerating it further, and continues as long as the pulse is coherent.[3]

Energy gradients as steep as 200 GeV/m have been achieved over millimeter-scale distances using laser pulsers[4] and gradients approaching 1 GeV/m are being produced on the multi-centimeter-scale with electron-beam systems, in contrast to a limit of about 0.1 GeV/m for radio-frequency acceleration alone. Existing electron accelerators such as SLAC could use electron-beam afterburners to greatly increase the energy of their particle beams, at the cost of beam intensity. Electron systems in general can provide tightly collimated, reliable beams; laser systems may offer more power and compactness. Thus, plasma wakefield accelerators could be used — if technical issues can be resolved — to both increase the maximum energy of the largest accelerators and to bring high energies into university laboratories and medical centres.

Black hole production

In the future, the possibility of black hole (BH) production at the highest energy accelerators may arise, if certain predictions of superstring theory are accurate.[5][6] These concerns have been particularly acute recently in connection with the LHC, which will begin operation in 2008. If they are produced, it is thought that black holes would evaporate extremely quickly via Bekenstein-Hawking radiation. However, the existence of the Bekenstein-Hawking radiation is controversial.[7] It is also thought that an analogy between colliders and cosmic rays demonstrates collider safety. If colliders can produce black holes, cosmic rays (and particularly ultra-high-energy cosmic rays, UHECRs) should have been producing them for eons, and they have yet to harm us.[8] However, to conserve energy and momentum, any BHs created in a collision between an UHECR and local matter would itself necessarily be produced moving at relativistic speed with respect to the Earth, and should therefore immediately escape into space, as its accretion and growth rate should be very slow. BHs produced in colliders (with components of equal mass) would have some chance of having a velocity less than Earth escape velocity, 11.2 km per sec, and would be liable to capture and subsequent growth. The time scale for them to grow enough to be dangerous is likely to be[weasel words] very long (millions of years)[citation needed], but somewhat controversial. Further information on safety can be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Large_Hadron_Collider#Safety_of_particle_collisions

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Bill Brobeck, Designer of Lab's Historic Particle Accelerators, Dies

April 17, 1998

By Monica Friedlander, msfriedlander@lbl.gov

It was Ernest Orlando Lawrence who invented the first cyclotron back in 1930. But it was his colleague, a young mechanical engineer by the name of William Brobeck, who built on Lawrence's concept to design the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerators of their era, thereby playing a key role in inaugurating the golden age of nuclear science. Last Friday Bill Brobeck died in Walnut Creek, leaving behind a lifetime of contributions to the field of accelerator physics. He was 89.

Bill Brobeck, 1908-1998
Bill Brobeck
1908-1998

"Bill was one of the great persons who helped Lawrence organize a pioneering science institution which became the prototype for science laboratories the world over," said retired Berkeley Lab physicist Ed Lofgren, who headed the development and operation of the Bevatron and knew Brobeck in his early days.

From 1937 to 1957 Brobeck was assistant director and chief engineer of the Lab -- then the UC Radiation Laboratory. He joined the best and the brightest in the field of particle physics when he was only 29 years old, and went on to oversee the construction of what were then the most famous atom smashers in the world -- the 60-inch and 184-inch cyclotrons, and finally the Bevatron.

Bill Brobeck, 1908-1998
Bill Brobeck (right) shows a model of the Bevatron to Donald Cooksey (left) and former Lab Director Ernest O. Lawrence.

Brobeck was the first person to marry science and engineering by applying professional engineering techniques to accelerator design -- something that became standard procedure in all future accelerator construction. The instruments he created represented major technological advances and were subsequently associated with important discoveries in particle physics. The Bevatron, for example, which could accelerate protons to energies of 6.5 Gev, made possible the creation of antiprotons, a discovery that earned Owen Chamberlain and Emilio Segrè the Nobel Prize in 1955.

Former Lab director and Nobel laureate Edwin McMillan once referred to Brobeck as the "master of the confluence of engineering and physics," who "transformed homemade toys into superb tools of the intellect," and "helped open to human understanding the worlds of the atom and of subatomic particles."

Brobeck's first large-scale assignment was to design the 60-inch cyclotron in 1939 -- then the largest and most powerful accelerator in the world. Brobeck scaled up Luis Alvarez's model to devise the historical machine. "To him, more than to any other one individual, goes the credit for the success of the 60-inch cyclotron and all subsequent developments," said Lab founder Ernest Lawrence in 1951.

The 60-inch cyclotron was used for the discovery of the early transuranium elements and established the Laboratory's preeminence as a world leader in accelerator design. Subsequently, Lawrence put Brobeck in charge of designing its successor, the 184-Inch Cyclotron, which inaugurated the field of experimental high energy physics using accelerator beams.

Soon thereafter Brobeck proposed a practical method of applying the principle of "phase stability," discovered by Ed McMillan, to accelerate protons to energies in the billion-volt range and higher in ring magnets. Brobeck successfully embodied this revolutionary concept in the construction of the Berkeley Bevatron, which would dominate the field of particle physics for years to come and further accelerate man's understanding of energy and matter.

After retiring from the Lab in 1957, Brobeck continued his contribution to the field of accelerator design by establishing his own consulting firm in mechanical, electrical and electronic engineering. In 1971 Brobeck was awarded an honorary degree from UC Berkeley for his lifelong contributions. Brobeck held engineering degrees from Stanford University and MIT, and was also a renowned scholar of English literature.

Brobeck's professional interests and bursting ingenuity extended way beyond the field of accelerator design. In 1972, for instance, he was hired by the U.S. Department of Transportation to develop pollution-free vehicles. Even in his retirement years Brobeck continued to design gadgets that made him as famous in his neighborhood as accelerators did in the world of science. Among them: an automated lawn mower that could start up by itself, head out onto the lawn and mow it before going back, turning itself off and recharging its battery. He also invented an automatic record changer and a car that ran on both gas and electricity.

A memorial service for Bill Brobeck was held on April 9 at the Orinda Community Church. Brobeck is survived by his wife, Gloria Brown Brobeck, daughters Kathy Brobeck and Betts Coury, son Bill Brobeck, and two grandchildren. Memorial gifts may be sent in his name to the Alzheimer Association, Greater San Francisco Bay Area Chapter, 330 Distel Circle, Suite A, Los Altos, CA 94022

 

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - SCIENCEBEA33T

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is the namesake and legacy of its founder, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, winner of the 1939 Nobel Prize for Physics for his invention of the cyclotron.

Yes, Lawrence was the inventor of the cyclotron, the granddaddy of today's most powerful accelerators. Yes, he was the "father of big science," the first to advance the idea of doing research with multidisciplinary teams of scientists and engineers. But these facts alone do not explain why Nobel-laureate scientists such as Edwin McMillan, Luis Alvarez, Melvin Calvin and Glenn Seaborg continued to speak of themselves as members of Ernest Lawrence's team long after they'd established their own considerable reputations.

Lawrence would have been 100 years old on August 8, 2001, a fitting time to reflect on the life of the man who was, said biographer Herbert Childs, "an American genius, a success story in the true Horatio Alger genre."

 
  BORN GROWN UP
Ernest Lawrence was "born grown up," Gunda Jacobson often said when speaking of her eldest son. Gunda and her husband, Carl Lawrence, both the offspring of Norwegian immigrants, met while teaching at the high school in Canton, South Dakota, where Carl was also the superintendent of schools. They were married on August 22, 1900, and Ernest was born the following year. In keeping with a Norwegian tradition, his name would have been drawn from the names of his grandfathers, Erik and Oles. Believing there were too many Norwegians named Erik and Oles, Carl Lawrence took liberties with the tradition.

Gunda contracted typhoid within a week of Ernest's birth, and for years afterwards she would worry about his inability to gain weight - his childhood nickname was "Skinny," even though he would grow to just over six feet tall and weigh about 180 pounds most of his adult life. She also worried about his incessant curiosity. Playing with matches at the age of two, he set fire to his clothes and was saved by Gunda in the nick of time.

According to Gunda, even though Ernest was "born grown up," he never outgrew his boyish enthusiasm. "Ernest was always of a happy disposition and life to him seemed to be one thrill after another, but he was also always persistent and insistent!"

His best friend growing up was Merle Tuve, who would also go on to become a highly accomplished nuclear physicist. Together the boys constructed a very early short-wave radio transmitting station. Lawrence would later apply his short-wave radio experiences to the acceleration of protons.

 

Lawrence received a B.S. degree in chemistry in 1922 from the University of South Dakota. He worked his way through college by selling kitchenware to farming households. This training would later serve him well when in his selling of scientific projects to government officials and funding agencies. Lawrence began his college career as a premed student, but switched to physics under the guidance of Dean Lewis Akeley, whose picture would always hang in Lawrence's office along with Lawrence's scientific heroes, Arthur Compton, Niels Bohr, and Ernest Rutherford. Akeley tutored Lawrence privately and sent him to the University of Minnesota, where he received his M.A. in physics in 1922. At Minnesota, he came under the guidance of William Francis Gray Swann, a physics professor and accomplished cellist who steered Lawrence into electromagnetic theory and on to Yale University, from which he would receive his Ph.D. in physics in 1925.

Even as he accepted an assistant professorship at Yale, Lawrence was being courted by U.C. Berkeley, which was most anxious to develop its small physics department. While a professor at Yale he in turn courted a Vassar undergraduate named Mary "Molly" Blummer, who happened to be the daughter of the dean of the Yale Medical School. Lured by the promise of less teaching and more research, Lawrence accepted an associate professor position at Berkeley in 1928, just a few days following his 27th birthday.

  ERNEST LAWRENCE DURING HIS EARLY YEARS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT BERKELEY, SITTING IN FRONT OF THE BUILDING THAT WOULD LATER BECOME THE RADIATION LABORATORY.

Within three years, he was made the youngest full professor on the Berkeley faculty, invented the cyclotron, and become engaged to Molly, whom he would marry in 1932. The cyclotron would be patented in Lawrence's name, but he never asked for any royalties, and he encouraged and helped other laboratories throughout the world to build cyclotrons. Lawrence was also the legal inventor of the Calutron isotope separator - but he assigned the patent rights to the U.S. government for a fee of one dollar.

"Although he greatly enjoyed the luxuries that came with wealth and encouraged others to invent for profit in peripheral areas, Lawrence felt that it was unwise to foster the scientific discoveries of developments for personal profit," Alvarez wrote in his memoirs.

For Lawrence the issue had to do with placing restraints on the open exchange of ideas between scientific colleagues. "Patent-consciousness," he often said, "might turn back the pages of progress."

In 1939, Lawrence became the first person to win a Nobel Prize for work done entirely on a U.C. campus; he was also the first professor from a public university as well as the first native of South Dakota to do so. He won the prize in physics "in recognition of his invention of the cyclotron, of its development, and of the results gained therefrom, especially with reference to the production of artificially radioactive elements."

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - GRAND COULEE4455465

THE BLACKBOARD IN THE OLD RADIATION LAB ANNOUNCED LAWRENCE'S NOBEL PRIZE FOR THE INVENTION OF THE CYCLOTRON.

Upon receiving word of his historic victory, Lawrence said, "It goes without saying that it is the laboratory that is honored."

The Radiation Laboratory was officially established in 1936. Since 1931 Lawrence and his team had occupied a two-story, clapboard-sided wooden building that had been constructed in 1902. Located near Le Conte Hall, home of the UC Berkeley Physics Department, it was the first of the modern labs in which experimentalists could choose to collaborate on joint projects or work on their own research. It would also become the first lab in which engineers, led by William Brobeck (who would become an assistant Rad Lab director), were treated as equal partners in experiments with scientists.

The Lab operated round the clock, seven days a week, and those who did not put in 70-hour shifts failed to follow the example set by Lawrence. The only time the Rad Lab was deserted was on Monday nights for two hours during the meeting of Lawrence's beloved "Journal Club," in which Rad Lab members met to swap ideas and information. The brilliant Robert Oppenheimer was a frequent participant, often in debate with Lawrence. "Oppie could always out argue him, but logic or not, Ernest was usually right," recalled Philip Abelson.

The Radiation Laboratory came into existence as the country was sliding into the bottom-scraping depths of the Great Depression. Yet by 1939 the laboratory and its machines had outgrown campus housing. Lawrence was proposing to build a 100 MeV cyclotron with the potential to create artificial chain reactions and, as he stated, "unlock the vast storehouse of nuclear energy."

 

In the spring of 1940, the Rockefeller Foundation pledged $1.4 million to fund a "giant cyclotron," as Lawrence called it, with a magnet face 184 inches in diameter on the hillside above the Berkeley campus. Before construction could begin, World War II erupted. Lawrence recruited a stellar group of young nuclear physicists and chemists, including McMillan, Alvarez and Seaborg, to fight the scientific war. Much has been written about the enormous contributions Lawrence and his "boys" made to developing the electromagnetic separation of uranium-235 that resulted in the Hiroshima bomb. However, Lawrence was also heavily involved in launching the MIT Radiation Laboratory and its contributions to radar and the San Diego Anti-Submarine Project and its underwater sound laboratories.

After the victory over the Axis powers, Lawrence completed his giant machine as the world's first synchrocyclotron able to energize protons to 350 MeV, rather than the 70MeV it might have achieved as a cyclotron. This synchrocyclotron had five times the output of a regular cyclotron. With the completion of this machine, Lawrence returned to active research, using deuteron stripping to personally discover nitrogen-17.

 

For the next several years, he devoted himself to basic scientific research at the Radiation Laboratory, taking great personal interest not only in nuclear physics but also in photosynthesis, medical physics, and nuclear chemistry. Stories of Lawrence dropping by in the middle of the night to ask young investigators what they were doing became legend.

In 1948, Lawrence went before the Atomic Energy Commission to procure funding for a 6.2 BeV proton synchrotron that would be called the "Bevatron" and would be the site of many significant discoveries, including the antiproton.

After the Soviet Union exploded its first nuclear device in 1948, Lawrence was drawn into President Truman's decision to build a thermonuclear or "H" bomb. By 1952, concerned that a lack of competition for Los Alamos was hampering scientific progress, Lawrence lobbied for and won approval to establish a second national weapons laboratory at Livermore. At the same time, he took up a "hobby" and invented a type of color television tube that is still in use today.

By 1958, Lawrence, having been a key figure in releasing the nuclear genie from the bottle, became a key figure in trying to put it back. Despite suffering from a serious flare-up of his chronic colitis, he traveled to Geneva to participate, at the request of President Eisenhower, in negotiations with the Soviet Union on a proposed treaty that would ban the testing of nuclear weapons. The strain proved too much, and Lawrence was rushed back to a hospital at Stanford for surgery. During his final days, he confided to his wife, Molly, "I wish I'd taken more time off. I would have liked to, you know, but my conscience wouldn't let me."

Ernest Lawrence died on Aug. 27, 1958, at the age of 57. He was survived by Molly and their six children, John Eric, Margaret, Mary, Robert, Barbara, and Susan. He had won virtually every major award in his field. Said Alvarez in his memoirs, "For those who had the good fortune to be close to Lawrence both personally and scientifically, he will always seem a giant among men." Ernest Orlando Lawrence is the founder and namesake of this laboratory and, as employees here, we are all a part of his legacy.

"This laboratory is his legacy. There is no other laboratory quite like this anywhere. And it is really because it was created by the science, the inspiration, the strength of Ernest Lawrence."

—Charles V. Shank, Director,
Ernest O. Lawrence Berkeley
National Laboratory

http://enews.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/lawrence-legacy.html

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - GRAND COULEE4455465

The Bevatron was a particle accelerator — specifically, a weak-focusing synchrotron — at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory which began operating in 1954. The antiproton was discovered there in 1955, resulting in the 1959 Nobel Prize in physics for Emilio Segrè and Owen Chamberlain. It accelerated protons into a fixed target, and was named for its ability to impart energies of billions of eV. (This is the reason why it was named Bevatron: Billions of eV Synchrotron.) It was finally decommissioned in 1993, although the building is still present and visible in satellite images at least as late as 2006.

The Bevatron was largely designed to be energetic enough to create antiprotons, and thus test the hypothesis that every particle has a corresponding anti-particle. At the time it was built, there was no known way to confine a particle beam to a narrow aperture, so the beam space was about four square feet in cross section. In order to create antiprotons (mass 938 MeV) in collisions with nucleons in a stationary target while conserving both energy and momentum, a proton beam energy of slightly over 5 GeV is required. The combination of beam aperture and energy required a huge, 10,000 ton iron magnet. The next generation of accelerators used "strong focusing", and required much smaller apertures, and thus much cheaper magnets. The AGS (Alternating Gradient Synchrotron) at Brookhaven was the first next-generation machine, with an aperture roughly an order of magnitude less in both transverse directions, and reaching 30 GeV proton energy, yet with a less massive magnet ring.

In the years following the antiproton discovery, much pioneering work was done here using beams of protons extracted from the accelerator proper, to hit targets and generate secondary beams of elementary particles, not only protons but also neutrons, pions, "strange particles", and many others. These could in turn be passed for further study through various targets and specialized detectors, notably the liquid hydrogen bubble chamber, for which Luis Alvarez received the Nobel Prize in 1968.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bevatron

TSL Technical Information - cyclotron hall



 

C-hall
See the
other side of the Cyclotron

1. External ion injection: The external ion source can be used with axial injection into the cyclotron. An ECR source is used for a wide variety of ions (from alfa particles to Xenon).

2. The Cyclotron: Isochronous cyclotron for all particles except protons above 100 MeV. For protons in the range 100-180 MeV the cyclotron works as a synchrocyclotron. Particles and energies available.

3. Radiofrequency system: (System1 in figure) Two accelerating electrodes each covering an angle from 72 degrees at centre to 42 degrees at max. radius. Possible to use between 12.25 and 24.5 MHz (on the orbit frequency of the ions and on harmonics 2, 3 and 4). Two modes of operation: Fixed frequency (isochronous cyclotron) and Frequency Modulation (synchrocyclotron) Max. accelerating voltage 50 kV in fixed frequency mode and 16 kV when used in FM mode over a frequency band approx. 24-22 MHz. Max. power per system is 140 kW.

4. Vacuum system: Two large diffusion pumps with cryogenic baffles (and one smaller) combined with two cryopanels in the cyclotron chamber, giving a vacuum of approx. 10-7 mbar without gas load from internal ion source and 10-6 mbar with internal ion source.

5. QA1 and QA2 (Quadrupole magnets for focussing of the beam)

6. Internal Ion Source: Internal Penning Ionization sources are used for protons and some light ions (deuterons, alfa particles).

7. Sond 1: Measure the beam current.

8. Collimator: Used to reduce the beam size and the beam current.

9. BMA1 This bending magnet can switch the beam between the a-line and the b-line.

Main data of the Gustaf Werner Cyclotron
Single pole with three sectors for vertical focussing
Pole base diameter 2.8 m
Pole gap hill-hill 0.2 m, valley-valley 0.362 m
Magnet yoke (iron) weight 600 tons
Copper coil weight 50 tons, power consumption max. 300 kW
13 sets of radial gradient field correction coils and two sets of harmonic correction coils
Max. average field 1.75 T at a max. useful radius of 1.2 m
Bending limit K= 192 Q2/A MeV
Focussing limit (protons) 100 MeV, avoided by using frequency modulation up to 180 MeV

Beamline drawing

http://www.tsl.uu.se/technical/tt_cychall.html

 

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - YEAR OF BARBELO 2003




DECEMBER 9, 2006 

LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III 
SOPHIA OF ALL SOPHIA OF WISDOMS
AKA
CAROLINE E. KENNEDY______________________________________

The Counterfactual... Year of Barbelo 2003...


Tom Coates

Preface, I'm not a particularly brilliant creative writer so I'm going to suggest something and then retire away relatively gracefully to see what people make of it. This particularly interested me because my recent reintroduction to the Gnostic Barbelites reminded me of all the inherently Christian bits of ideology that still exist in my morals and preconceptions even as a staunch atheist. So this is an attempt at getting people to think differently in terms of alternate histories - ways the world could have gone - with the objective of helping us to realise the contingency of our own world, it's value systems and beliefs...

Year of Barbelo 196 AD:

The second century Barbelite Christians believed that human bodies were vessels for fallen fragments of divine higher powers. Believing that reproduction only drove the cycle of imprisonment, they ritually consumed semen (and menses, according to some sources); they believed that the life energy bound therein would be bound to the soul of the one who consumed them, and be able to escape this world with the eater's soul upon death. If the eater had not gained enough energy and wisdom, he would be trapped by the Rulers and reincarnated again on Earth. The Barbelites used sexual fluids as the sacraments of the Eucharist. The suffering of Christ was re-enacted whenever a new being was born. The Barbelites used non-reproductive sex to re-enact the descent of spirit into matter without actually trapping the spirit in physical form. The Barbelites, believing Yaldabaoth (Yahweh [YHWH]) was the vile bastard son of Barbelo, the pure reflection of the true God's conscious, felt that, by the desist of humanity, they would transfer Barbelo's stolen energy back to her, weakening the mad, tyrranical Yaldabaoth. Needless to say, the Barbelites were none too beloved by less eccentric religious groups. They were wiped out en masse, courtesy the Christians.

But what if they weren't wiped out. What if - instead - Barbelite Gnosticism became the major faith of the Western World - eventually taken up by Emperor Constantine to reinspire his empire. What if Barbelite Gnosticism was a state religion...

Year of Barbelo 2003:


What kind of world could have made the Barbelites 'win'. What kind of world would exist today if they had become the major religion of the Western world....


Qalyn
(prev. Qualyn)
00:11 / 06.09.03
Well, Tom, before we can really get rolling, we'd have to take into account the mystes of the Druidic Boibel-Loth, which (reputedly) contained encoded instructions on all manner of statecraft pertinent to Celtic affairs, and its impact on orthodox Barbelist thought.


rizla mission
19:24 / 06.09.03
Well a fairly inescapable suggestion is gonna be;

A sect which exists in direct opposition to the idea of reproductive sex becomes the dominant religious force in the Western world?

..there aren't gonna be many caucasians around in 2003..


Tom Coates
22:33 / 06.09.03
Well Christianity is pretty against people having sex outside wedlock, but all the evidence is that people have been doing it pretty much since the beginning of time. You might use as a basis for any counterfactual thinking that Catholic priests are supposed to be celibate and married to Christ - it could be that in order for the cult to have 'won' it would have to split into a priest class and a follower class, where the priests tried to persuade people to have as much non-reproductive sex as possible, lowering birth rates dramatically but far from totally - people having ten children - four of which died - now have four - one of whom dies.
 
Discrimination on grounds of sexual act would be dramatically lower initially at least and indeed in a subsequent renaissance that might happen again. The Church might have remained in the hands of the people rather than become institutionalised to the same extent or it might not.
 
STDs would be much higher, but prostate cancer much lower. The status of women could have been dramatically higher earlier, both because of the mother goddess and because of the celebration of less invasive penetrative sex... So with those things in your head, WHAT COMES NEXT?


Tom Coates
22:40 / 06.09.03
PS. Also "Caucasian"? If you're talking in the colloquial "white" sense of the word, then I'm not sure that the middle eastern population we're starting with fall under that classification - and if you're talking about the stricter now-out-of-use scientific classification, then you're also talking about people who came to undertake many other religions including but not limited to some of the peoples of India, many muslims and peoples of North Africa.


rizla mission
00:14 / 07.09.03
Fair point. Poor choice of words. I guess maybe "European" is closer to what I meant.

I still think though that, since according to the Barbelite cosmology childbirth isn't just frowned upon - it's actually ultimate sin which the whole religion is organised in opposition to - it would be pretty difficult for the leaders of the religion to tolerate any births within the ranks of the faithful..

Possibilities:

i.maybe people who had children would be banished from the religious community, creating parallel religious and secular societies. I suppose the Barbelite ideology would have to be persuasive enough to convince a certain percentage of the secular offspring to take it up again, thus ensuring that it doesn't die out..

ii.maybe, as a more extreme version of what you've suggested, an extremely small carefully monitored birth rate would be permitted in the name of self-preservation and perpetuating the religion..

(I know I'm maybe going off on the wrong tack on this, but it's fun trying to get my head around how a sect that prohibits breeding could succeed in becoming a dominant world religion..)


Tom Coates
12:09 / 08.09.03
So try to think about some of the shifts they'd have had to make to keep the core message intactish while permitting them to become the dominant religion...


grant
23:05 / 08.09.03
I can easily picture a world where STDs bear the taint of sin.

What would be interesting, however, would be the institution of marriage, which is seen as the cornerstone of society. Human emotions being what they are, I imagine serial monogamy might become the norm -- and/or massive orgies, probably during major carnivals, like Mardi Gras.

Also, for the Barbelo-gnostics to be in a position of authority, the Bible as we know it would not exist. Significant portions of the New Testament would be different, primarly the omission Paul's writings. These are the ones that set up the prohibitions surrounding marriage, but also have something to say about homosexuality, as well as setting out some of what we know about the Trinity, and the rule of celibate priesthood. John would stay -- weird visions of the End Times. The Whore of Babylon, however, would have a whole different vibe.


I think in this world, prominent citizens might be required to "make face" by having a same-sex consort.

Prostitutes would probably be mainstream working class, if not considered elite professionals. I imagine there'd also be a substantial historical precedent for sex-slavery. Like, maybe not in 2003, but up to the 1800s at least and probably much later.

Racial boundaries, as a result, might be a lot harder to police. This may have an opposite effect from what you'd expect -- ideas of racial supremacy might be even stronger, especially with the "no children" meme adding to the opprobrium heaped on the offspring of slave-master unions. So possibly a minority snow-white sex-worker/priest class, with a lot of mixed race middle class folks.

I'm not sure if democracy would catch on in quite the same way, but I imagine queens would be far more common, and women would never have had to march to get the vote.

Populations would definitely be smaller. I wonder... Christianity might have spread a lot faster, if the sexuality was attached to the idea of eternal salvation and a single, omnipotent, loving God. Hmm.

The current debate on abortion would be almost identical, only with scientists & "rationalists" taking a minority "pro-life" view, and fundamentalist Christians taking the close majority "pro-choice" view.

The relationship between the Church and scientific rationalism would also be somewhat different, probably, since gnosticism in all forms is based on personal revelation, not authoritative truth. Galileo might never have been persecuted. Hard to say, though, since we monkeys seem to like authorities.


I wonder, also, what urges would be repressed -- y'know, Freud's big thing was, "Hey, sex - it's pretty important! And we don't like to admit we're thinking about it!"

What would the Barbelo-Freud discover?


grant
16:49 / 09.09.03
Actually, if Emperor Constantine took up Barbelite Gnosticism, it would find a way to become authoritarian pretty darn quickly.

Most of the authoritarianism in the early church can be traced to him, the first Christian emperor. (Or, more properly, "Christian").


bjacques
16:03 / 15.09.03
Is Gnosticism the source of the

Jorge Luis Borges

quote that "copulation and mirrors are both abominable, because they increase the number of men?"

But I think an anti-reproductive religion would have been self-limiting.

The Shakers, (SEE MOTHER ANN LEE)

in the northern US of the 1700s, were also against sex, and are pretty much extinct. If Constantine had championed it, it would probably have been a religion practiced publicly and in the Emperor's court, while people practiced their real religion privately, and it would have died with him, as did Ikhnaton's solar monotheism and Julian's "Apostasy."

But since preference for barbelite Christianity would have come at the cost of the "our" Christianity, then the latter might not have gotten the critical boost it needed to become one of the Big Three monotheisms. There's an excellent book by Karen Armstrong called something like the History of God, supposing Islam, Judaism and Christianity arose and consolidated their hold in the Axial Age, about 400BC-600AD, when general historical conditions favored it. That also suggests a niche existed and that a later Emperor might have seen which way the wind was blowing and championed regular Christianity with roughly similar results.

So the world would have been very different, but still not very barbelithic, except that that religion would probably have about as many adherents as Jehovah's Witnesses.

I like this, I just wish I knew enough about Gnosticism to imagine the alternate world instead of just playing, er, Devil's Advocate.


grant
21:04 / 15.09.03
"Gnosticism" is a single label for a bunch of different strands of belief -- Barbelite Gnosticism being just one of 'em.

Emphasis is on personal knowledge (gnosis) of the divine as opposed to scripture and traditional/authoritative sources of revelation.

There *is* a tradition (a set of beliefs) within these gnostic strains, elements of which were accepted or rejected by various groups throughout history. So that set of beliefs is by no means uniform from group to group.

The main thing all the gnostics have in common is that they lost out to orthodox Christianity (as political entities) at about the same time Constantine adopted the faith.

I wonder if the Barbelites would have been more plural and less monolithic than the version of Christianity that came to the fore in the 300s --
less apt to condemn heretics, laying the foundation for a far broader church.


bjacques
00:53 / 16.09.03
Thanks! I'd picked up a few strands from reading tons of Borges' stories; last week I was amazed to see Gnostic themes in
Orson Welles' version of Kafka's "The Trial." Anyway...

You're probably right about a kinder, gentler Christianity resulting. A possible example is the Ottoman Empire whose state religion was of course Islam, but it was a more tolerant Islam than that practiced in Saudi Arabia. Non-Muslims were welcome there as long as they paid taxes and didn't stir up trouble. There was a lot of intellectual ferment in the Ottoman Empire.


Oh. Fertility images, like the classic Demeter and her Cornucopia, used a lot in American art in the 1800s, would probably be unknown. Maybe Barbelo-Freud would discover repression of fertility drives? Also, the ecstatic side of Christianity would be more respectable, and probably de rigeur, but maybe you'd only have to fake it on festival days. A dark side of a religion like this could be outbreaks of mass panics, fundamentalist frenzy. Maybe the state would make use of them and channel them into participatory public executions like the "salvagings" of Margaret Atwood's "The Handmaid's Tale," only people wouldn't pull on a long rope but instead tear the victims apart themselves.

Burning Man would be government-subsidized, and have darker connotations, at least in states that had the death penalty...


at the scarwash
03:26 / 30.09.03
Religions of aesceticism, if they are to thrive, seem to very quickly generate more easily-consumable versions of themselves. A good example of this is perhaps Pure-Land Buddhism, which offers potential enlightenment to those who can't find it though the path of wisdom, or in other words, by doing the damned hard (and selfish) work of the aescetic. Even Catholicism as it is today would be a good example. My impression of Catholic doctrine is that the real O.G.'s of the Catholic world are found amongst the priesthood and the orders; the laiety have their place, but they are somehow less holy than their clergy. It's not that they actually could or should all be ordained--they are in the position intended for them.

So anyway, I'd imagine that the Barbelo-Gnostics would probably evolve a similar system: a real hard-ass Barbelo-Gnosis for the expert, and a Barbelo-lite Home Edition (TM) for the people too concerned with raising crops to feed the priesthood to be able to go off and be awesome pervert-heretics themselves.







Free Web Pages
YEAR OF BARBELO 2003
LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III

#1 CONSTANTINE THE GREAT I 

JORGE LUIS BORGES 

 
SEE LINK
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borges

The Library of Babel

In this first-person narrative, Borges describes the Library of Babel-an indefinitely large collection of books of uniform format—the universe. The books are the basis for life for every individual in the library: interpreting the seemingly meaningless books is the occupation of many. Contained in the books are strings of letters that only great linguists (and wise oracles) can interpret. Of course, finding the one book that would explain all of the rest would make one an omnipotent god. On the other hand, for every one copy of the god book, there would be millions of near-perfect facsimiles, with only one or two words changed, but the whole meaning of the work reversed. A myriad of ontological questions are raised by this intentionally ambiguous story.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Infinite Interpretation
   
Averroes' Search (Summary)
   
The Garden of Forking Paths (Summary)
   
The God's Script (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library Of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Theologians (Summary)
   
Tlon, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius (Summary)


Other Stories With Theme of Undefined Reality
    
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Lottery of Babylon (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
Theme of the Traitor and the Hero (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)


Criticism With Reference to this Story
    Jonathan Meades            
The Quest for Borges
    Michael Wood                 Borges’s Surprise!
    Carter Wheelock             Borges’ New Prose

*****NOTES OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III

THESE STORIES ARE ABOUT WHAT THEY HAVE DONE...

THEY SHOCK AND SCARE YOU....

THE CIRCULAR RUINS

No one saw him disembark in the unanimous night,

no one saw the bamboo canoe sink into the sacred mud,

 but in a few days there was no one who did not know that the taciturn man came from the South and that his home had been one of those numberless villages upstream in the deeply cleft side of the mountain,

where the Zend language has not been contaminated by Greek and where leprosy is infrequent.

What is certain is that the grey man kissed the mud,

______

climbed up the bank with pushing aside (probably, without feeling) the blades which were lacerating his flesh,

(HE HAD TO WALK ON RAZOR BLADES AND HE REMEMBERS)

and crawled, nauseated and bloodstained,

_____

up to the circular enclosure crowned with a stone tiger or horse,

(HE HAD TO CARRY A HORSE OR A TIGER ON HIS BACK)

______

 which sometimes was the color of flame and now was that of ashes.

(HE HAD TO BECOME FIRE SO THE MEAT WOULD BE COOKED BY THE TIME HE GOT TO THEM..HE TURNED HIMSELF TO FIRE WITH HIS MIND)

________

This circle was a temple which had been devoured by ancient fires, profaned by the miasmal jungle,

(THEY MADE HIM CLEAN EVERY BLADE OF GRASS AND LEAF 10,000 TIMES EVERYDAY)

_________

and whose god no longer received the homage of men.

(THIS MEANS THERE WAS NO CONSCIENCE GOD)

________

The stranger stretched himself out beneath the pedestal.

(THIS MEANS HE HAD TO DO EVRYTHING 10,000 TIME UNTIL THEY WERE SATISIFIED)

_______________

He was awakened by the sun high overhead.

(HE HAD TO STAY ASLEEP TIL NOON HE COULD WAKE UP.  AND WHEN HE WOKE UP HAD TO DO EVERYTHING ALL OVER AGAIN)

_______

He was not astonished to find that his wounds had healed;

(THEY WOULD USE A CHARGER WITH A MAGIC SPELL TO HEAL HIM)

________

he closed his pallid eyes and slept, not through weakness of flesh but through determination of will.

(HE HAD TO MIND SPLINTER TO THIS)

__________

He knew that this temple was the place required for his invincible intent;

(HE HAD TO DO IT OVER AND OVER AGAIN) 

________

he knew that the incessant trees had not succeeded in strangling the ruins of another propitious temple downstream which had once belonged to gods now burned and dead;

(HE KILL ME AND ALL OF THE ORGINAL GODS EVERYDAY AND BURY US AND SAY A PRAYER THEN GO BE WITH THEM AGAIN AND THEN IN THE MORNING HE HAD TO MAKE EVERYONE RAISE FROM THE DEAD AND THEN HE HAD TO DO EVERY THING THEY WANTED AGAIN)

________

he knew that his immediate obligation was to dream.

(HE WANTED TO DIE BUT HER COULDN'T BECAUSE THEY WOULDN'T LET HIM SO HE COULDN'T BE WITH ME )

_______

Toward midnight he was awakened by the inconsolable shriek of a bird.

(EVERY NIGHT THEY WOULD TURN INTO VAMPIRES)

_________

Tracks of bare feet, some figs and a jug warned him that the men of the region had been spying respectfully on his sleep,

(THEY HAD OTHER MEN WATCHING ALL THE TIME TO KEEP HIM IN LINE FOR THERE EVIL PURPOSES)

___________

soliciting his protection or afraid of his magic.

(HE HAD MY MAGIC AND THEY DIDN'T KNOW HOW TO USE IT AND THEN FINALLY THEY LEARNED BUT THE MAGIC WAS NOT THEIR'S AND THEY ALWAYS HURT THEMSELVES AND OTHERS)

_______

He felt a chill of fear,

(THEY HAD HIM STAND GUARD OF A PORTAL)

_______

and sought out a sepulchral niche in the

dilapidated wall where he concealed himself among unfamiliar leaves.

(HE HAD TO MIND SPLINTER AND BLEND IN WITH THE WALL)

__________

The purpose which guided him was not impossible, though supernatural.

(THIS MEANS HIS MIND SPLINTERED AND HE HAD TO BLEND IN WITH THE WALL WITH HIS MIND.)

________________

He wanted to dream a man; he wanted to dream him in minute entirety and impose him on reality.

(HE WANTED TO BE WITH ME BUT THEY WOULDN'T LET HIM EVEN NOW THEY TRY TO HURT AND KEEP US APART BUT I UNDERSTSAND WHAT THEY HAVE DONE AND AM DEALING WITH THEM WITH MY NATURAL SUPERNATURAL ABILITIES)

_________________

This magic project had exhausted the entire expanse of his mind;

(THEY MADE HIM LOOSE HIS MEMORY SO HE WOULDN'T THINK ABOUT ME SO THAT IS WHY NO ONE KNOWS WHO I AM)

_____________

 if someone had asked him his name or to relate some event of his former life, he would not have been able to give an answer.

(HE DIDN'T WANT THEY TO KNOW ANY MORE BECAUSE HE BRAGGED ABOUT WHO I WAS AND THEY WANTED TO BE LIKE ME IN EVERY WAY SO THE WOULD DO ALL THESE THINGS TO FIND OUT WHAT NADE ME AND HIM TICK)

______

This uninhabited, ruined temple suited him, for it is contained a minimum of visible world; the proximity of the workmen also suited him, for they took it upon themselves to provide for his frugal needs.

(THEY WOULD LET HIM EAT SO HE COULD DIE BECAUSE HE COULDN'T TELL THEM ANYMORE ABOUT ME UNTIL THEY LET ME GO)

______________

The rice and fruit they brought him were nourishment enough for his body, which was consecrated to the sole task of sleeping and dreaming.

At first, his dreams were chaotic; then in a short while they became dialectic in nature.

(THEY FINALLY LET HIM EAT AND NOW HE IS BACK AND WE ARE TOGETHER BUT HE IS INVISIBLE TO ME AND VISIBLE TO EVERYONE ELSE THIS IS HOW CRUEL THEY ARE.. HE CHOSES THIS WAY SO THEY WILL NOT HURT ANYONE ANY MORE BUT THEY STILL DO)

_________

 The stranger dreamed that he was in the center of a circular amphitheater which was more or less the burnt temple;

(THIS IS WHERE THE NEW TEMPLE FOR SOPHIA OF WISDOM III IS TO BE BUILT ON ALACTRAZ ISLAND)

________________

clouds of taciturn students filled the tiers of seats; the faces of the farthest ones hung at a distance of many centuries and as high as the stars, but their features were completely precise.

(THEY MADE CHILDREN BALANE ON THEIR NOSES ALL DAY LONG AND THEY HAD TO EAT AND DRINK THEY OWN WASTE) 

_______

The man lectured his pupils on anatomy, cosmography, and magic: the faces listened anxiously and tried to answer understandingly, as if they guessed the importance of that examination which would redeem one of them from his condition of empty illusion and interpolate him into the real world.

(HE WOULD HAVE TO LISTEN TO WHAT THEY DID TO THEM AND THEN ERASE THEIR MINDS EVERYDAY THIS WAS FOR ALL CHILDREN EVEN THE EVIL ONES OWN CHILDREN)

______

Asleep or awake, the man thought over the answers of his phantoms, did not allow himself to be deceived by imposters, and in certain perplexities he sensed a growing intelligence.

(THEY WOULD NEVER SHUT UP AND HE COULDN'T MAKE THEM UNTIL I WAS FINALLY ALLOWED TO FIND HOW WHAT THEY HAD DONE)

____________

 He was seeking a soul worthy of participating in the universe.

After nine or ten nights he understood with a certain bitterness that he could expect nothing from those pupils who accepted his doctrine passively, but that he could expect something from those who occasionally dared to oppose him.

(THEY WANTED HIM TO KEEP CHALLANGING THEM SO THEY COULD BE TOUGH ENOUGH TO GO UP AGAINST ME) 

_________

The former group, although worthy of love and affection, could not ascend to the level of individuals;

(NO MATTER HOW CRUEL THEY BECAME THEY STILL COULD NOT CUT THE MUSTARD)

______________

the latter pre-existed to a slightly greater degree.

(I AM THE ONLY ONE WHO CAN SAVE US FROM THIS HELL THEY HAVE CREATED AND STILL THAT MAY NOT BE ENOUGH BUT BEING TOGETHER WE CAN CRATE SO KIND OF ORDER THE BAT-KOL KENNEDY)

______________

One afternoon (now afternoons were also given over to sleep,

(EVERYONE FINALLY INCLUDING THEM DIED) 

____________

now he was only awake for a couple hours at daybreak)

(HE FINALLY FOUND ME AFTER THE JFK,JR PLANE CRASH)

_______________

he dismissed the vast illusory student body for good and kept only one pupil. He was a taciturn, sallow boy, at times intractable, and whose sharp features resembled of those of his dreamer.

(HE KEPT ONLY ONE WHICH IS JOHAN AND I HAD TO HAVE HIM WITH ANOTHER MANS BODY FORM OF HIM)

______________

The brusque elimination of his fellow students did not disconcert him for long;

(IT DIDN'T TAKE LONG TO MAKE EVERYONE UNDERSTAND WHAT HAD HAPPENED AND WHAT GOING TO HAPPEN)

__________

 after a few private lessons, his progress was enough to astound the teacher.

(HE FINALLY FOUND ME AND HAD TO GO BACK AND FIND OUT WHAT HAPPENED HENCE ILLUMINATI OF APRIL 11, 2003 - DECEMBER 8 - 2003)

_____________________

Nevertheless, a catastrophe took place.

(ONE DECEMBER 8, 2003 NINA ALVES BEGGED ME TO GET KIRK MCLEOD CD AFTER THE ELECTRICITY WENT SO I COULD OPEN THE GATES THAT WERE CRUSHING EVERYONE IN THE ILLUMINATI...

I HAD TO GO ACROSS TOWN TO GET THE TRUCK WHICH HAD A CD PLAYER SO I COULD HEAR IT AND REALINE MY CHAKARS...

WITH MY POWER SCREAMS WHICH I DIDN'T KNOW I COULD DO KEPT THE GATES OPENED AND GOT EVERYONE OUT)

________________

One day, the man emerged from his sleep as if from a viscous desert, looked at the useless afternoon light which he immediately confused with the dawn, and understood that he had not dreamed. All that night and all day long, the intolerable lucidity of insomnia fell upon him. He tried exploring the forest, to lose his strength; among the hemlock he barely succeeded in experiencing several short snatchs of sleep, veined with fleeting, rudimentary visions that were useless.

(THEY ARRANGED FOR JIM MCRORY TO WORK NIGHTS AND HE WOULD SLEEP DURING THE DAY BUT THIS WAS BECAUSE HE HAD TO PLAY IN THE ILLUMINATI AND HE WAS SO TIRED THAT HE WOULD FALL ASLEEP AT WORK) 

_______________

He tried to assemble the student body but scarcely had he articulated a few brief words of exhortation when it became deformed and was then erased. In his almost perpetual vigil, tears of anger burned his old eyes.

He understood that modeling the incoherent and vertiginous matter of which dreams are composed was the most difficult task that a man could undertake, even though he should penetrate all the enigmas of a superior and inferior order; much more difficult than weaving a rope out of sand or coining the faceless wind. He swore he would forget the enormous hallucination which had thrown him off at first, and he sought another method of work. Before putting it into execution, he spent a month recovering his strength, which had been squandered by his delirium. He abandoned all premeditation of dreaming and almost immediately succeeded in sleeping a reasonable part of each day. The few times that he had dreams during this period, he paid no attention to them. Before resuming his task, he waited until the moon's disk was perfect. Then, in the afternoon, he purified himself in the waters of the river, worshiped the planetary gods, pronounced the prescribed syllables of a mighty name, and went to sleep. He dreamed almost immediately, with his heart throbbing.

He dreamed that it was warm, secret, about the size of a clenched fist, and of a garnet color within the penumbra of a human body as yet without face or sex; during fourteen lucid nights he dreampt of it with meticulous love. Every night he perceived it more clearly. He did not touch it; he only permitted himself to witness it, to observe it, and occasionally to rectify it with a glance. He perceived it and lived it from all angles and distances. On the fourteenth night he lightly touched the pulmonary artery with his index finger, then the whole heart, outside and inside. He was satisfied with the examination. He deliberately did not dream for a night; he took up the heart again, invoked the name of a planet, and undertook the vision of another of the principle organs. Within a year he had come to the skeleton and the eyelids. The innumerable hair was perhaps the most difficult task. He dreamed an entire man--a young man, but who did not sit up or talk, who was unable to open his eyes. Night after night, the man dreamt him asleep.

In the Gnostic cosmosgonies, demiurges fashion a red Adam who cannot stand; as a clumsy, crude and elemental as this Adam of dust was the Adam of dreams forged by the wizard's nights. One afternoon, the man almost destroyed his entire work, but then changed his mind. (It would have been better had he destroyed it.) When he had exhausted all supplications to the deities of earth, he threw himself at the feet of the effigy which was perhaps a tiger or perhaps a colt and implored its unknown help. That evening, at twilight, he dreamt of the statue. He dreamt it was alive, tremulous: it was not an atrocious bastard of a tiger and a colt, but at the same time these two firey creatures and also a bull, a rose, and a storm. This multiple god revealed to him that his earthly name was Fire, and that in this circular temple (and in others like it) people had once made sacrifices to him and worshiped him, and that he would magically animate the dreamed phantom, in such a way that all creatures, except Fire itself and the dreamer, would believe to be a man of flesh and blood. He commanded that once this man had been instructed in all the rites, he should be sent to the other ruined temple whose pyramids were still standing downstream, so that some voice would glorify him in that deserted edifice. In the dream of the man that dreamed, the dreamed one awoke.

The wizard carried out the orders he had been given. He devoted a certain length of time (which finally proved to be two years) to instructing him in the mysteries of the universe and the cult of fire. Secretly, he was pained at the idea of being separated from him. On the pretext of pedagogical necessity, each day he increased the number of hours dedicated to dreaming. He also remade the right shoulder, which was somewhat defective. At times, he was disturbed by the impression that all this had already happened . . . In general, his days were happy; when he closed his eyes, he thought: Now I will be with my son. Or, more rarely: The son I have engendered is waiting for me and will not exist if I do not go to him.

Gradually, he began accustoming him to reality. Once he ordered him to place a flag on a faraway peak. The next day the flag was fluttering on the peak. He tried other analogous experiments, each time more audacious. With a certain bitterness, he understood that his son was ready to be born--and perhaps impatient. That night he kissed him for the first time and sent him off to the other temple whose remains were turning white downstream, across many miles of inextricable jungle and marshes. Before doing this (and so that his son should never know that he was a phantom, so that he should think himself a man like any other) he destroyed in him all memory of his years of apprenticeship.

His victory and peace became blurred with boredom. In the twilight times of dusk and dawn, he would prostrate himself before the stone figure, perhaps imagining his unreal son carrying out identical rites in other circular ruins downstream; at night he no longer dreamed, or dreamed as any man does. His perceptions of the sounds and forms of the universe became somewhat pallid: his absent son was being nourished by these diminution of his soul. The purpose of his life had been fulfilled; the man remained in a kind of ecstasy. After a certain time, which some chronicles prefer to compute in years and others in decades, two oarsmen awoke him at midnight; he could not see their faces, but they spoke to him of a charmed man in a temple of the North, capable of walking on fire without burning himself. The wizard suddenly remembered the words of the god. He remembered that of all the creatures that people the earth, Fire was the only one who knew his son to be a phantom. This memory, which at first calmed him, ended by tormenting him. He feared lest his son should meditate on this abnormal privilege and by some means find out he was a mere simulacrum. Not to be a man, to be a projection of another man's dreams--what an incomparable humiliation, what madness! Any father is interested in the sons he has procreated (or permitted) out of the mere confusion of happiness; it was natural that the wizard should fear for the future of that son whom he had thought out entrail by entrail, feature by feature, in a thousand and one secret nights.

His misgivings ended abruptly, but not without certain forewarnings. First (after a long drought) a remote cloud, as light as a bird, appeared on a hill; then, toward the South, the sky took on the rose color of leopard's gums; then came clouds of smoke which rusted the metal of the nights; afterwards came the panic-stricken flight of wild animals. For what had happened many centuries before was repeating itself. The ruins of the sanctuary of the god of Fire was destroyed by fire. In a dawn without birds, the wizard saw the concentric fire licking the walls. For a moment, he thought of taking refuge in the water, but then he understood that death was coming to crown his old age and absolve him from his labors. He walked toward the sheets of flame. They did not bite his flesh, they caressed him and flooded him without heat or combustion. With relief, with humiliation, with terror, he understood that he also was an illusion, that someone else was dreaming him.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Meaningful Dreams
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The God's Script (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)
   
The Zahir (Summary)


Other Stories With Theme of Undefined Reality
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Library of Babel (Summary)
   
The Lottery of Babylon (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
Theme of the Traitor and the Hero (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)


Criticism With Reference to this Story
   
Ana Maria Barrenechea   
Borges the Labyrinth Maker
    Carter Wheelock             Borges’ New Prose
    Emir Rodriguez-Monegal Symbols in Borges’ Work

 

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III LIBRARY OF BABEL

BY

JORGE LUIS BORGES 



THE LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
THE SOPHIA OF ALL SOPHIA OF WISDOMS
AKA
CAROLINE E. KENNEDY - CAROLINA KENNEDIA

NOVEMBER 11, 2006


The Library of Babel

by Jorge Luis Borges

The universe (which others call the Library) is composed of an indefinite and perhaps infinite number of hexagonal galleries, with vast air shafts between, surrounded by very low railings. From any of the hexagons one can see, interminably, the upper and lower floors. The distribution of the galleries is invariable. Twenty shelves, five long shelves per side, cover all the sides except two; their height, which is the distance from floor to ceiling, scarcely exceeds that of a normal bookcase. One of the free sides leads to a narrow hallway which opens onto another gallery, identical to the first and to all the rest. To the left and right of the hallway there are two very small closets. In the first, one may sleep standing up; in the other, satisfy one's fecal necessities. Also through here passes a spiral stairway, which sinks abysmally and soars upwards to remote distances. In the hallway there is a mirror which faithfully duplicates all appearances. Men usually infer from this mirror that the Library is not infinite (if it were, why this illusory duplication?); I prefer to dream that its polished surfaces represent and promise the infinite ... Light is provided by some spherical fruit which bear the name of lamps. There are two, transversally placed, in each hexagon. The light they emit is insufficient, incessant.
      Like all men of the Library, I have traveled in my youth; I have wandered in search of a book, perhaps the catalogue of catalogues; now that my eyes can hardly decipher what I write, I am preparing to die just a few leagues from the hexagon in which I was born. Once I am dead, there will be no lack of pious hands to throw me over the railing; my grave will be the fathomless air; my body will sink endlessly and decay and dissolve in the wind generated by the fall, which is infinite. I say that the Library is unending. The idealists argue that the hexagonal rooms are a necessary form of absolute space or, at least, of our intuition of space. They reason that a triangular or pentagonal room is inconceivable. (The mystics claim that their ecstasy reveals to them a circular chamber containing a great circular book, whose spine is continuous and which follows the complete circle of the walls; but their testimony is suspect; their words, obscure. This cyclical book is God.) Let it suffice now for me to repeat the classic dictum: The Library is a sphere whose exact center is any one of its hexagons and whose circumference is inaccessible.
      There are five shelves for each of the hexagon's walls; each shelf contains thirty-five books of uniform format; each book is of four hundred and ten pages; each page, of forty lines, each line, of some eighty letters which are black in color. There are also letters on the spine of each book; these letters do not indicate or prefigure what the pages will say. I know that this incoherence at one time seemed mysterious. Before summarizing the solution (whose discovery, in spite of its tragic projections, is perhaps the capital fact in history) I wish to recall a few axioms.
      First: The Library exists ab aeterno. This truth, whose immediate corollary is the future eternity of the world, cannot be placed in doubt by any reasonable mind. Man, the imperfect librarian, may be the product of chance or of malevolent demiurgi; the universe, with its elegant endowment of shelves, of enigmatical volumes, of inexhaustible stairways for the traveler and latrines for the seated librarian, can only be the work of a god. To perceive the distance between the divine and the human, it is enough to compare these crude wavering symbols which my fallible hand scrawls on the cover of a book, with the organic letters inside: punctual, delicate, perfectly black, inimitably symmetrical.
      Second: The orthographical symbols are twenty-five in number.
(1) This finding made it possible, three hundred years ago, to formulate a general theory of the Library and solve satisfactorily the problem which no conjecture had deciphered: the formless and chaotic nature of almost all the books. One which my father saw in a hexagon on circuit fifteen ninety-four was made up of the letters MCV, perversely repeated from the first line to the last. Another (very much consulted in this area) is a mere labyrinth of letters, but the next-to-last page says Oh time thy pyramids. This much is already known: for every sensible line of straightforward statement, there are leagues of senseless cacophonies, verbal jumbles and incoherences. (I know of an uncouth region whose librarians repudiate the vain and superstitious custom of finding a meaning in books and equate it with that of finding a meaning in dreams or in the chaotic lines of one's palm ... They admit that the inventors of this writing imitated the twenty-five natural symbols, but maintain that this application is accidental and that the books signify nothing in themselves. This dictum, we shall see, is not entirely fallacious.)
      For a long time it was believed that these impenetrable books corresponded to past or remote languages. It is true that the most ancient men, the first librarians, used a language quite different from the one we now speak; it is true that a few miles to the right the tongue is dialectical and that ninety floors farther up, it is incomprehensible. All this, I repeat, is true, but four hundred and ten pages of inalterable MCV's cannot correspond to any language, no matter how dialectical or rudimentary it may be. Some insinuated that each letter could influence the following one and that the value of MCV in the third line of page 71 was not the one the same series may have in another position on another page, but this vague thesis did not prevail. Others thought of cryptographs; generally, this conjecture has been accepted, though not in the sense in which it was formulated by its originators.
      Five hundred years ago, the chief of an upper hexagon
(2) came upon a book as confusing as the others, but which had nearly two pages of homogeneous lines. He showed his find to a wandering decoder who told him the lines were written in Portuguese; others said they were Yiddish. Within a century, the language was established: a Samoyedic Lithuanian dialect of Guarani, with classical Arabian inflections. The content was also deciphered: some notions of combinative analysis, illustrated with examples of variations with unlimited repetition. These examples made it possible for a librarian of genius to discover the fundamental law of the Library. This thinker observed that all the books, no matter how diverse they might be, are made up of the same elements: the space, the period, the comma, the twenty-two letters of the alphabet. He also alleged a fact which travelers have confirmed: In the vast Library there are no two identical books. From these two incontrovertible premises he deduced that the Library is total and that its shelves register all the possible combinations of the twenty-odd orthographical symbols (a number which, though extremely vast, is not infinite): Everything: the minutely detailed history of the future, the archangels' autobiographies, the faithful catalogues of the Library, thousands and thousands of false catalogues, the demonstration of the fallacy of those catalogues, the demonstration of the fallacy of the true catalogue, the Gnostic gospel of Basilides, the commentary on that gospel, the commentary on the commentary on that gospel, the true story of your death, the translation of every book in all languages, the interpolations of every book in all books.
      When it was proclaimed that the Library contained all books, the first impression was one of extravagant happiness. All men felt themselves to be the masters of an intact and secret treasure. There was no personal or world problem whose eloquent solution did not exist in some hexagon. The universe was justified, the universe suddenly usurped the unlimited dimensions of hope. At that time a great deal was said about the Vindications: books of apology and prophecy which vindicated for all time the acts of every man in the universe and retained prodigious arcana for his future. Thousands of the greedy abandoned their sweet native hexagons and rushed up the stairways, urged on by the vain intention of finding their Vindication. These pilgrims disputed in the narrow corridors, proferred dark curses, strangled each other on the divine stairways, flung the deceptive books into the air shafts, met their death cast down in a similar fashion by the inhabitants of remote regions. Others went mad ... The Vindications exist (I have seen two which refer to persons of the future, to persons who are perhaps not imaginary) but the searchers did not remember that the possibility of a man's finding his Vindication, or some treacherous variation thereof, can be computed as zero.
      At that time it was also hoped that a clarification of humanity's basic mysteries -- the origin of the Library and of time -- might be found. It is verisimilar that these grave mysteries could be explained in words: if the language of philosophers is not sufficient, the multiform Library will have produced the unprecedented language required, with its vocabularies and grammars. For four centuries now men have exhausted the hexagons ... There are official searchers, inquisitors. I have seen them in the performance of their function: they always arrive extremely tired from their journeys; they speak of a broken stairway which almost killed them; they talk with the librarian of galleries and stairs; sometimes they pick up the nearest volume and leaf through it, looking for infamous words. Obviously, no one expects to discover anything.
      As was natural, this inordinate hope was followed by an excessive depression. The certitude that some shelf in some hexagon held precious books and that these precious books were inaccessible, seemed almost intolerable. A blasphemous sect suggested that the searches should cease and that all men should juggle letters and symbols until they constructed, by an improbable gift of chance, these canonical books. The authorities were obliged to issue severe orders. The sect disappeared, but in my childhood I have seen old men who, for long periods of time, would hide in the latrines with some metal disks in a forbidden dice cup and feebly mimic the divine disorder.
      Others, inversely, believed that it was fundamental to eliminate useless works. They invaded the hexagons, showed credentials which were not always false, leafed through a volume with displeasure and condemned whole shelves: their hygienic, ascetic furor caused the senseless perdition of millions of books. Their name is execrated, but those who deplore the ``treasures'' destroyed by this frenzy neglect two notable facts. One: the Library is so enormous that any reduction of human origin is infinitesimal. The other: every copy is unique, irreplaceable, but (since the Library is total) there are always several hundred thousand imperfect facsimiles: works which differ only in a letter or a comma. Counter to general opinion, I venture to suppose that the consequences of the Purifiers' depredations have been exaggerated by the horror these fanatics produced. They were urged on by the delirium of trying to reach the books in the Crimson Hexagon: books whose format is smaller than usual, all-powerful, illustrated and magical.
      We also know of another superstition of that time: that of the Man of the Book. On some shelf in some hexagon (men reasoned) there must exist a book which is the formula and perfect compendium of all the rest: some librarian has gone through it and he is analogous to a god. In the language of this zone vestiges of this remote functionary's cult still persist. Many wandered in search of Him. For a century they have exhausted in vain the most varied areas. How could one locate the venerated and secret hexagon which housed Him? Someone proposed a regressive method: To locate book A, consult first book B which indicates A's position; to locate book B, consult first a book C, and so on to infinity ... In adventures such as these, I have squandered and wasted my years. It does not seem unlikely to me that there is a total book on some shelf of the universe;
(3) I pray to the unknown gods that a man -- just one, even though it were thousands of years ago! -- may have examined and read it. If honor and wisdom and happiness are not for me, let them be for others. Let heaven exist, though my place be in hell. Let me be outraged and annihilated, but for one instant, in one being, let Your enormous Library be justified. The impious maintain that nonsense is normal in the Library and that the reasonable (and even humble and pure coherence) is an almost miraculous exception. They speak (I know) of the ``feverish Library whose chance volumes are constantly in danger of changing into others and affirm, negate and confuse everything like a delirious divinity.'' These words, which not only denounce the disorder but exemplify it as well, notoriously prove their authors' abominable taste and desperate ignorance. In truth, the Library includes all verbal structures, all variations permitted by the twenty-five orthographical symbols, but not a single example of absolute nonsense. It is useless to observe that the best volume of the many hexagons under my administration is entitled The Combed Thunderclap and another The Plaster Cramp and another Axaxaxas mlö. These phrases, at first glance incoherent, can no doubt be justified in a cryptographical or allegorical manner; such a justification is verbal and, ex hypothesi, already figures in the Library. I cannot combine some characters
     
dhcmrlchtdj

      which the divine Library has not foreseen and which in one of its secret tongues do not contain a terrible meaning. No one can articulate a syllable which is not filled with tenderness and fear, which is not, in one of these languages, the powerful name of a god. To speak is to fall into tautology. This wordy and useless epistle already exists in one of the thirty volumes of the five shelves of one of the innumerable hexagons -- and its refutation as well. (An n number of possible languages use the same vocabulary; in some of them, the symbol library allows the correct definition a ubiquitous and lasting system of hexagonal galleries, but library is bread or pyramid or anything else, and these seven words which define it have another value. You who read me, are You sure of understanding my language?)
      The methodical task of writing distracts me from the present state of men. The certitude that everything has been written negates us or turns us into phantoms. I know of districts in which the young men prostrate themselves before books and kiss their pages in a barbarous manner, but they do not know how to decipher a single letter. Epidemics, heretical conflicts, peregrinations which inevitably degenerate into banditry, have decimated the population. I believe I have mentioned suicides, more and more frequent with the years. Perhaps my old age and fearfulness deceive me, but I suspect that the human species -- the unique species -- is about to be extinguished, but the Library will endure: illuminated, solitary, infinite, perfectly motionless, equipped with precious volumes, useless, incorruptible, secret.
      I have just written the word ``infinite.'' I have not interpolated this adjective out of rhetorical habit; I say that it is not illogical to think that the world is infinite. Those who judge it to be limited postulate that in remote places the corridors and stairways and hexagons can conceivably come to an end -- which is absurd. Those who imagine it to be without limit forget that the possible number of books does have such a limit. I venture to suggest this solution to the ancient problem: The Library is unlimited and cyclical. If an eternal traveler were to cross it in any direction, after centuries he would see that the same volumes were repeated in the same disorder (which, thus repeated, would be an order: the Order). My solitude is gladdened by this elegant hope.
(4)
      Translated by J. E. I.
     
Notes

     
1 The original manuscript does not contain digits or capital letters. The punctuation has been limited to the comma and the period. These two signs, the space and the twenty-two letters of the alphabet are the twenty-five symbols considered sufficient by this unknown author. (Editor's note.)
     
2 Before, there was a man for every three hexagons. Suicide and pulmonary diseases have destroyed that proportion. A memory of unspeakable melancholy: at times I have traveled for many nights through corridors and along polished stairways without finding a single librarian.
     
3 I repeat: it suffices that a book be possible for it to exist. Only the impossible is excluded. For example: no book can be a ladder, although no doubt there are books which discuss and negate and demonstrate this possibility and others whose structure corresponds to that of a ladder.
     
4 Letizia Álvarez de Toledo has observed that this vast Library is useless: rigorously speaking, a single volume would be sufficient, a volume of ordinary format, printed in nine or ten point type, containing an infinite number if infinitely thin leaves. (In the early seventeenth century, Cavalieri said that all solid bodies are the superimposition of an infinite number of planes.) The handling of this silky vade mecum would not be convenient: each apparent page would unfold into other analogous ones; the inconceivable middle page would have no reverse.


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SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LITTLE SISTER

PART I




LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
SOPHIA OF ALL SOPHIA OF WISDOMS
AKA
CAROLINE E. KENNEDY - CAROLINA KENNEDIA 

OCTOBER 29, 2006

RE:    THE REAL NEBKHBET "MUT"
           - LADY RAYET
            SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
            SOPHIA OF ALL SOPHIA OF WISDOMS
            AKA
            CAROLINE E. KENNEDY - CAROLINA KENNEDIA
            VS.
            NEBHET HOTEP
             ANTI-CHRIST
             MOTHER OF DARKNESS
             CAROLYN BESSETTE KENNEDY

****NOTES OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - PLEASE NOTE THE DIFFERENCE IN THE NAMES OF

            NEKHBET "MUT" = LADY REYET

 VS

NEBHET HOTEP

CAROLYN BESSETTE USED MY TITLES AND FORMER NAMES BY CHANGING A LETTER OR TWO AND MAKING UP LAST NAMES THAT I NEVER USED...

I AM

 ISIS OF 10, 000 NAMES

CAROLINE E. KENNEDY - CAROLINA KENNEDIA

THIS IS WHY CAROLYN BESSETTE THOUGHT SHE COULD USE ANY OF MY TITLES THAT SHE WANTED...

SHE WAS NEVER MARRIED TO

 

JOHN F. KENNEDY, JR. WHO IS - RA = ATUM / AMEN / AMON/ THE FIRST FATHER

 

SEE BELOW

MARRIAGE LICENSE WAS NEVER FILED...THEY WERE NEVER MARRIED OFFICALLY...

THIS IS THE ILLUMINATI AND I AM HERE TO CATCH ALL MOTHER'S OF DARKNESS


EXPLANATION: See "Great Royal Wife" for the more passionate flipside of this story. Ra tends to go to Great Royal Wife Nebhet when he's feeling furious about something, and to second wife LADY Rayet when he's in a calmer, sweeter mood.

This is all well and good if you like really hot passionate stuff, like Nebhet does, but what happens when your husband is in a really LONG good mood...?

* * * *
****NOTES OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - NEBHET HOTEP IS CAROLYN BESSETTE...


Nebhet Hotep
flounced into her quarters and slammed the door, throwing herself into a chair and scowling at the floor. She couldn't believe how he treated her, the mother of his important children,
*****NOTES OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - CAROLYN BESSETTE MADE HERSELF MOTHER OF MY CHILDREN BACK THEN AND THINKS THAT SHE IS STEP MOTHER TO MY CHILDREN NOW...
SHE BELIEVES I AM JOHN F. KENNEDY, JR. WIFE IF THIS IS THE CASE...
NOW I KNOW SHE IS A CON ARTIST AND WANTS SOMETHING FOR NOTING...
SHE ALSO KNOWS MICHAEL BERGIN IS HER SOUL MATE AND WILL BE WITH HIM IN THE END BUT WANTS JOHN F. KENNEDY, JR. NOW AND JOHN PAYS FOR MICHAEL BERGIN'S CAREER IN THE MEAN TIME AND I GET TAKEN ADVANTAGE OF MY MAGICAL POWERS...
SEE LINK
THE COUNTERAL YEAR OF BARBELLO 2003
 
SEE LINK
TO
FOREIGN DESTINATION IN PHILAE
 
his first and great royal wife. He should have been with her tonight; but no, she was certain he'd gone to LADY Rayet, the cowering strumpet.
 
Ra had always liked her better. It was either because she was his sister, or because she was always so--accommodating.
 
He still visited them both, but he went to LADYRayet more often, if the number of children she'd given him was any indication.
 
Nebhet suspected that he even sneaked to her room occasionally in the middle of the night.
 
He'd done so with Nebhet a few times, in the past; but that had been before LADYRayet. She'd been happy enough before LADY Rayet.

She looked over at her mirror, sitting on a table. Had he actually gone to her?
 
He would come to Nebhet usually after some confrontation, or when he was angry; she was the perfect outlet for his anger, which she always managed to convert into passion, so their nights together were always stormy, and even wild at times. Yet he never visited her when in a good mood. He must go to LADY Rayet then.

She kept thinking, he'd been in a good mood tonight.

Slowly, she rose, and went to pick up the mirror. She took a breath, and concentrated.

The copper surface swirled. An image started to form; a dim image, shrouded in shadow, flickering lamplight the only thing illuminating it.
 
Anger flared up in her chest and her fists clenched when she saw what she'd been looking for--a bed, from above, the two figures in it occupied.
 
The dim shape on top was naked and moving slowly, buttocks contracting, then releasing, and tightening again. Beneath it--a female figure, her arms draped over its shoulders, her legs hugging its hips.
 
 Her head was tipped back, her eyes shut. A light sheen of sweat covered them both.

Nebhet wanted to smash the mirror in her rage. Ra hadn't gone to her; he'd had her called to him.
 
The bed was his own, and they were making love in it. They hadn't even covered themselves; as her view shifted she could see them from the side.
 
Ra's thick panting filled the air.LADY Rayet's breasts pushed against him when she strained. He lifted his head from kissing her neck to feel them, his fingers gently caressing their curves, tracing delicate patterns over her nipples. She sucked in her breath and moved her head from side to side.
 
Ra's hands slid underneath her to feel and splay her buttocks; LADYRayet let out a long, low moan, arching and rocking slowly with him. He repositioned himself and Nebhet heard his panting grow heavier.

She ground her teeth with fury. Why, why had he called her? Why wasn't Nebhet good enough? Why did he only come to her in anger--why was LADY Rayet the one to experience him in so many ways? She'd watched them before; they made love in many ways besides this--she'd seen him allow LADY Rayet on top of him, and in his lap, and once they'd coupled standing up, Ra gently pressing her against a column and thrusting while her thighs embraced him.
 
Once she'd even accidentally happened on them enjoying each other in the courtyard pool! She'd come looking for Ra only to find him and LADY Rayet reclining in the water, LADY Rayet giggling softly and twirling a lotus before his face as he smiled and held her to him; the water hadn't managed to conceal the fact that beneath the surface, their legs were twined together, their hips meeting in union.
 
It was only Nebhet's abject embarrassment and apologies that had spared her from Ra's temper. The only satisfaction she'd gained was knowing that LADY Rayet had been embarrassed too.

But the moment that had by far infuriated her the most was when she'd seen them in one of the outdoors courtyards in the open, under the moonlight, LADY Rayet lying on the ground on her stomach, resting her head on her arms, and Ra crouched atop her hips with his head tilted forward, swaying slowly.
 
The moon silhouetted them. Nebhet could remember clearly the way Ra's thighs clasped LADYRayet's prone body, the way his hands fondled and spread her buttocks further, the way he'd thrust, urging himself into her gently.
 
While she barely moved, just letting him pleasure himself with her.
 
Nebhet had gone back behind a column, too angered and humiliated to watch; but the sound of their soft cries of desire haunted her still. Ra never moaned that way for her.

In her mirror now, they were moving faster, their hips pumping into each other, Ra breathing quickly as he pushed, moving up and down. LADYRayet wrapped her legs around him welcomingly.
 
Nebhet slammed down the mirror. She could watch no more; if she did, she knew her anger would never die. Instead she went to her bed and lay down with her hands before her face, alone.


* * * * *


LADYRayet trailed her fingers over the muscles of Ra's back as he moved, pushing into her. The hot fanning of his breath over her face she welcomed, and the touch of his hand upon her breast; she'd loved him since her youth, but had never found the courage to tell him, not even when it had come time for him to take a wife and he'd chosen Nebhet Hotep, the daughter of Amon and Mut. Everyone had seen the match as a purely political one, but a wise one as well, as the two were suited in temperament. LADYRayet had said nothing, merely watched the marriage with an aching heart.
*****NOTES OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HERE IS MORE PROOF THAT CAROLYN BESSETTE AND THE OTHER MOTHER'S OF DARKNESS HAVE MARRIED MY RIGHTFUL HUSBAND - THE FIRST FATHER  TO ME LIFE TIME AFTER LIFE TIME...AND THEY DIDN'T THINK I WOULD CATCH THEM USING MY MAGIC TO CHANGE BODIES...
 
*****NOTES OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - I CAN'T BELIEVE CAROLYN BESSETTE MADE HERSELF OUR DAUGTHER AND THE FIRST WIFE OF HER FATHER RA....
take a wife and he'd chosen Nebhet Hotep, the daughter of Amon and Mut
 
She wasn't certain what had, several years into the marriage, turned her older brother's eye her way; but something had, and she hadn't rejected it.
 
When he had asked for her hand she'd submitted demurely; he'd seemed to appreciate her meekness as the opposite of what he was, and she'd carried the behavior to his bed. By right of law Nebhet's children were to supersede hers in importance, as Nebhet was the great royal wife;
 
LADY Rayet didn't much care, as all that she'd wanted was Ra.
 
Nebhet had looked none too happy when they'd retired from the wedding banquet to his quarters.
 
LADY Rayet herself had been a little frightened, but also excited, her heart beating hard in her chest; she'd desired him all her life, and the moment had come, she was pure and ready for him. Still he'd been most gentle with her, removing her clothes in the dim light with most of the lamps extinguished, and taking time to ready her with his fingers playing over her most secret area until she trembled in anticipation; his swift entry had been searing and painful, but the slightest touch of his hand to her abdomen had ended that, as she recognized his healing power coursing through her and banishing the pain.
 
Needless to say she had let him make love to her all night, enjoying his feel, and the knowledge that all she had ever wanted was now hers--his pleasure was her pleasure--and she'd only lamented the coming of dawn when he'd had to leave her to bring the daylight.
 
He'd touched her once again, to remove the ache of exertion from her body; thereafter she'd spent most of the day lying spent in his bed, until nightfall brought him back, and with him the tender ache, the sweet feel of him within her.

In the days afterward, he'd come to her bed nightly two weeks in a row.

She harbored no jealousy for Nebhet, though she knew the royal wife envied the time Ra spent with her, which was increasingly more often. He went to Nebhet only when extremely angry; Rayet didn't care to guess how they spent the time.
 
She feared and respected her husband's temper and authority; she'd seen how furious he could get the one time Nebhet had appeared while they passed their time in the pool. That time had been enjoyable, at least at first; when Nebhet had shown up out of nowhere she could tell that Ra had thought she'd



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Miguel de Cervantes

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Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra

portrait of Cervantes[a], by Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar (c. 1600)
Born September 29, 1547(1547-09-29)
Alcalá de Henares, Spain
Died 23 April 1616 (aged 68)
Madrid, Spain
Occupation novelist, poet and playwright

Don Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra[b] (IPA: [miˈɣel ðe θerˈβantes saaˈβeðra] in modern Spanish; September 29, 1547April 23, 1616) was a Spanish novelist, poet, painter and playwright. Cervantes is one of the most important and influential people in literature and the leading figure associated with the Siglo de Oro, the cultural flourishing of sixteenth century Spain. Cervantes' novel Don Quixote is considered a founding classic of Western literature and regularly figures among the best novels ever written. His work is considered among the most important in all of literature.[1] He has been dubbed el Príncipe de los Ingenios (the Prince of Wits).

Cervantes, born in Alcalá de Henares, was the fourth of seven children, of a doctor in a family whose origins may have been of the minor gentry. The family moved from town to town, and little is known of Cervantes's early years. In his early life he went on to work under a cardinal in the Catholic Church. By 1570 he had been enlisted as a soldier in a Spanish infantry regiment and continued his military life until 1575, when he was captured by barbary pirates on his return home. He was ransomed by his captors and the Trinitarians and returned to his family in Madrid.

In 1585, Cervantes published a pastoral novel, La Galatea. Because of financial problems, Cervantes worked as a purveyor for the Spanish Armada, and later as a tax collector. In 1597 discrepancies in his accounts of three years previous landed him in the Crown Jail of Seville. In 1605 he was in Valladolid, just when the immediate success of the first part of his Don Quixote, published in Madrid, signaled his return to the literary world. In 1607, he settled in Madrid, where he lived and worked until his death. During the last nine years of his life, Cervantes solidified his reputation as a writer; he published the Exemplary Novels (Novelas ejemplares) in 1613, the Journey to Parnassus (Viaje del Parnaso) in 1614, and in 1615, the Ocho comedias y ocho entremeses and the second part of Don Quixote. Carlos Fuentes noted that, "Cervantes leaves open the pages of a book where the reader knows himself to be written. "[2]

Biography

[edit] Birth and early life

Miguel de Cervantes was born at Alcala de Henares, a Castilian city about 20 miles from Madrid, probably on September 29 (the feast day of St. Michael) 1547. He was baptized on October 9.[1] Miguel's paternal great-grandfather was Ruy Díaz de Cervantes, a prosperous draper who was born most probably in the 1430s. He married a Catalina de Cabrera about whom nothing at all is known. Their son, Miguel's grandfather Juan, studied law at the University of Salamanca. For most of his life he served as a minor magistrate, ending his career as a specialist in fiscal law for the Spanish Inquisition and was a well-to-do man. He married Leonor Fernández de Torreblanca, who was apparently his cousin and a daughter of a Cordoban physician. Miguel's father, Ruy (Rodrigo), was a barber-surgeon who set bones, performed bloodlettings, and attended "lesser medical needs". He presented himself as a nobleman and liked to act as a gentleman, which was not easy because of his low income.[3] Little is known of Cervantes' early years and education, but it seems that he spent much of his childhood moving from town to town with his family. It seems that, much like Dickens' father, Miguel's father was embargoed for debt. The court records of the proceedings show a very poor household. While some of his biographers argue that he studied at the University of Salamanca, there is no solid evidence for supposing that he did so.[c] There has been speculation also that Cervantes studied with the Jesuits in Córdoba or Sevilla.[4]

[edit] Soldier and captive

The Battle of Lepanto by Paolo Veronese (c. 1572, oil on canvas, 169 x 137 cm, Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice)
The Battle of Lepanto by Paolo Veronese (c. 1572, oil on canvas, 169 x 137 cm, Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice)

The reasons that forced Cervantes to leave Castilia remain uncertain. Whether he was the "student" of the same name, a "sword-wielding fugitive from justice", fleeing from the royal warrant of arrest for having wounded a certain Antonio de Sigura in a duel is another mystery.[5] In any event, in going to Italy, Cervantes was doing what many young Spaniards of the time did to further their careers in one way or another. Rome would reveal to the young artist its ecclesiastic pomp, ritual and majesty. In a city teeming with ruins, Cervantes could focus his attention on Renaissance art, architecture and poetry (knowledge of Italian literature is so readily discernible in his own productions), and on rediscovering antiquity; he could find in the ancients "a powerful impetus to revive the contemporary world in light of its accomplishments".[6] Thus, Cervantes' continuing desire for Italy, as revealed in his later works, was in part a desire for a return to the Renaissance.[7]

By 1570 Cervantes had enlisted as a soldier in a Castilian infantry regiment stationed in Naples, then a possession of the Spanish crown. He was there for about a year before he saw active service. In September 1571, Cervantes sailed on board the Marquesa, part of the galley fleet of the Holy League (a coalition of the Pope, Spain, Venice, Republic of Genoa, Duchy of Savoy, the Knights of Malta and others under the command of John of Austria) that defeated the Ottoman fleet on October 7 in the Gulf of Lepanto near Corinth. Though taken down with fever, Cervantes refused to stay below, and begged to be allowed to take part in the battle, saying that he would rather die for his God and his king than keep under cover. He fought bravely on board a vessel, and received three gunshot wounds – two in the chest and one which rendered his left arm useless, resulting in amputation. In Journey to Parnassus, he was to say that he "had lost the movement of the left hand for the glory of the right" (he was thinking of the success of the first part of Don Quixote). Cervantes always looked back on his conduct in the battle with pride: he believed that he had taken part in an event that would shape the course of European history.

"What I cannot help taking amiss is that he[d] charges me with being old and one-handed, as if it had been in my power to keep time from passing over me, or as if the loss of my hand had been brought about in some tavern, and not on the grandest occasion the past or present has seen, or the future can hope to see. If my wounds have no beauty to the beholder's eye, they are, at least, honourable in the estimation of those who know where they were received; for the soldier shows to greater advantage dead in battle than alive in flight."
Miguel de Cervantes (Don Quixote - Part II, "The Author's Preface" translated by John Ormsby)

After the battle of Lepanto Cervantes remained in hospital for around six months, before his wounds were sufficiently healed to allow his joining the colors again.[8] From 1572 to 1575, based mainly in Naples, he continued his soldier's life; he participated in expeditions to Corfu and Navarino, and saw the fall of Tunis and La Goleta to the Turks in 1574.[9]

On September 6 or 7 1575 Cervantes set sail on the galley Sol from Naples to Barcelona, Spain, with letters of commendation to the king from the duke de Sessa and Don Juan himself.[10] On the morning of September 26, as the Sol approached the Catalan coast, it was attacked by Algerian corsairs. After significant resistance, in which the captain and many crew members were killed, the surviving passengers were taken to Algiers as captives.[11] After five years spent as a slave in Algiers, and four unsuccessful escape attempts, he was ransomed by his parents and the Trinitarians and returned to his family in Madrid. Not surprisingly, this period of Cervantes' life supplied subject matter for several of his literary works, notably the Captive's tale in Don Quixote and the two Algiers El trato de Argel (The Treaty of Algiers) and Los baños de Argel (The Baths of Algiers), as well as episodes in a number of other writings, although never in straight autobiographical form.[1]

"The pen is the language of the soul; as the concepts that in it are generated, such will be its writings." - Miguel de Cervantes at the National Library, Spain -
"The pen is the language of the soul; as the concepts that in it are generated, such will be its writings." - Miguel de Cervantes at the National Library, Spain -

[edit] Literary pursuits

Main article: Don Quixote

In 1584, he married the much younger Catalina de Salazar y Palacios. During the next 20 years he led a nomadic existence, working as a purchasing agent for the Spanish Armada, and as a tax collector. He suffered a bankruptcy, and was imprisoned at least twice (1597 and 1602) for irregularities in his accounts. Between the years 1596 and 1600, he lived primarily in Seville. In 1606, Cervantes settled permanently in Madrid, Spain; where he remained for the rest of his life. In 1585, Cervantes published his first major work, La Galatea, a pastoral romance, at the same time that some of his plays, now lost except for El trato de Argel (where he dealt with the life of Christian slaves in Algiers) and El cerco de Numancia, were playing on the stages of Madrid. La Galatea received little contemporary notice, and Cervantes never wrote the continuation for it, (which he repeatedly promised). Cervantes next turned his attention to the drama, hoping to derive an income from that source, but the plays which he composed failed to achieve their purpose. Aside from his plays, his most ambitious work in verse was Viaje del Parnaso (1614), an allegory which consisted largely of a rather tedious though good-natured review of contemporary poets. Cervantes himself realized that he was deficient in poetic gifts.

If a remark which Cervantes himself makes in the prologue of Don Quixote is to be taken literally, the idea of the work, though hardly the writing of its "First Part", as some have maintained, occurred to him in prison at Argamasilla de Alba, in La Mancha. Cervantes' idea was to give a picture of real life and manners, and to express himself in clear language. The intrusion of everyday speech into a literary context was acclaimed by the reading public. The author stayed poor until 1605, when the first part of Don Quixote appeared. Although it did not make Cervantes rich, it brought him international appreciation as a man of letters. Cervantes also wrote many plays, only two of which have survived; short novels, and the vogue obtained by Cervantes's story led to the publication of a continuation of it by an unknown who masqueraded under the name of Alonso Fernández de Avellaneda. In self-defence, Cervantes produced his own continuation, or "Second Part", of Don Quixote, which made its appearance in 1615.

For the world at large, interest in Cervantes centers particularly in Don Quixote, and this work has been regarded chiefly as a novel of purpose. It is stated again and again that he wrote it in order to satirize the romances of chivalry, and to challenge the popularity of a form of literature which for much more than a century had been a fad with the general public.

Don Quixote certainly reveals much narrative power, considerable humor, a mastery of dialogue, and a forcible style. Of the two parts written by Cervantes, the first is the more popular with the general public - containing the famous episodes of the tilting at windmills, the attack on the flock of sheep, the vigil in the courtyard of the inn, and the episode with the barber and the shaving basin. The second part is inferior to it in humorous effect; but, nevertheless, the second part shows more constructive insight, better delineation of character, an improved style, and more realism and probability in its action. In 1613, he published a collection of tales, the Exemplary Novels, some of which had been written earlier. On the whole, the Exemplary Novels are worthy of the fame of Cervantes; they bear the same stamp of genius as Don Quixote. The picaroon strain, already made familiar in Spain by the Lazarillo de Tormes and his successors, appears in one or another of them, especially in the Rinconete y Cortadillo, which is the best of all. He also published the Viaje del Parnaso in 1614, and in 1615, the Eight Comedies and Eight New Interludes. At the same time, Cervantes continued working on Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda, a novel of adventurous travel completed just before his death, and which appeared posthumously in January, 1617.

[edit] Death

Cervantes died in Madrid on April 23, 1616; coincidentally William Shakespeare also died on that date, but not on the same day; Britain was still using the Julian calendar, whereas Spain had already adopted the Gregorian calendar.[12] In honour of this coincidence UNESCO established April 23 as the International Day of the Book.[13] It is worth mentioning that the Encyclopedia Hispanica claims the date widely quoted as Cervantes' date of death, namely April 23, is the date on his tombstone which in accordance of the traditions at the time would be his date of burial rather than date of death. If this is true, according to Hispanica, then it means that Cervantes probably died on April 22 and was buried on April 23. Of his burial-place nothing is known except that he was buried, in accordance with his will, in the neighbouring convent of Trinitarian nuns, of which it is supposed his daughter, Isabel de Saavedra, was a member, and that a few years afterwards the nuns removed to another convent, carrying their dead with them. But whether the remains of Cervantes were included in the removal or not no one knows, and the clue to their resting-place is now lost beyond all hope.

The statue of Miguel de Cervantes at the harbor of Nafpactos
The statue of Miguel de Cervantes at the harbor of Nafpactos

[edit] Works

[edit] Novels

Cervantes's novels, listed chronologically, are as follows:

  • La Galatea (1585), a pastoral romance in prose and verse based upon the genre introduced into Spain by Jorge de Montemayor's Diana (1559). Its theme is the fortunes and misfortunes in love of a number of idealized shepherds and shepherdesses, who spend their life singing and playing musical instruments.
  • El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha (1605)
  • Novelas ejemplares (1613), a collection of twelve short stories of varied types about the social, political, and historical problems of the Cervantes' Spain:
  1. La gitanilla (The Gypsy Girl)
  2. El amante liberal (The Generous Lover)
  3. Rinconete y Cortadillo
  4. La española inglesa (The English Spanish Lady)
  5. El licenciado Vidriera (Vidriera, the Lawyer)
  6. La fuerza de la sangre (The Power of Blood)
  7. El celoso extremeño (The Jealous Old Man From Extremadura)
  8. La ilustre fregona (The Illustrious Kitchen-Maid)
  9. Novela de las dos doncellas (The Two Damsels)
  10. Novela de la señora Cornelia (Lady Cornelia)
  11. Novela del casamiento engañoso (The Deceitful Marriage)
  12. El coloquio de los perros (The Dialogue of the Dogs)
  • Segunda parte del ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha (1615)
  • Los trabajos de Persiles y Segismunda (1617).
Los trabajos is the best evidence not only of the survival of Byzantine novel themes but also of the survival of forms and ideas of the Spanish novel of the second Renaissance. In this work, published after the author's death, Cervantes relates the ideal love and unbelievable vicissitudes of a couple who, starting from the Arctic regions, arrive in Rome, where they find a happy ending for their complicated adventures.

[edit] La Galatea

La Galatea, the pastoral romance, which Cervantes wrote in his youth, is an imitation of the Diana of Jorge de Montemayor, and bears an even closer resemblance to Gil Polo's continuation of that romance. Next to Don Quixote and the Novelas ejemplares, it is particularly worthy of attention, as it manifests in a striking way the poetic direction in which the genius of Cervantes moved even at an early period of life.

[edit] Don Quixote

Main article: Don Quixote
Statues of Don Quixote (left) and Sancho Panza (right)
Statues of Don Quixote (left) and Sancho Panza (right)

Don Quixote (sometimes spelled "Quijote") is actually two separate books that cover the adventures of Don Quixote, also known as the knight or man of La Mancha, a hero who carries his enthusiasm and self-deception to unintentional and comic ends. On one level, Don Quixote works as a satire of the romances of chivalry which ruled the literary environment of Cervantes' time. However, the novel also allows Cervantes to illuminate various aspects of human nature by using the ridiculous example of the delusional Quixote.

Because the novel - particularly the first part - was written in individually published sections, the composition includes several incongruities. In the preface to the second part, Cervantes himself pointed out some of these errors, but he disdained to correct them, because he conceived that they had been too severely condemned by his critics.

Cervantes felt a passion for the vivid painting of character, as his successful works prove. Under the influence of this feeling, he drew the natural and striking portrait of his heroic Don Quixote, so truly noble-minded, and so enthusiastic an admirer of everything good and great, yet having all those fine qualities, accidentally blended with a relative kind of madness; and he likewise portrayed with no less fidelity, the opposite character of Sancho Panza, a compound of grossness and simplicity, whose low self-esteem leads him to place blind confidence in all the extravagant hopes and promises of his master. The subordinate characters of the novel exhibit equal truth and decision.

The essential connection of these episodes with the whole has sometimes escaped the observation of critics, who have regarded as merely parenthetical those parts in which Cervantes has most decidedly manifested the poetic spirit of his work. The novel of El curioso impertinente cannot indeed be ranked among the number of these essential episodes, but the charming story of the shepherdess Marcela, the history of Dorothea, and the history of the rich Camacho and the poor Basilio, are unquestionably connected with the interest of the whole.

IV centenary of Don Quixote of La Mancha (1605-2005)
IV centenary of Don Quixote of La Mancha (1605-2005)

These serious romantic parts, which are not, it is true, essential to the narrative connection, but strictly belong to the characteristic dignity of the whole picture[citation needed], also prove how far Cervantes was from the idea usually attributed to him of writing a book merely to entice laughter. The passages, which common readers feel inclined to pass over[citation needed], are, in general, precisely those in which Cervantes is most decidedly a poet, and for which he has manifested an evident predilection. On such occasions, he also introduces among his prose, episodical verses, for the most part excellent in their kind and no translator can omit them without doing violence to the spirit of the original.

Were it not for the creative spirit with which Cervantes has contrived to preserve an intermediate tone between pure poetry and prose, Don Quixote would not deserve to be cited as the first classic model of the modern romance or novel. It is, however, fully entitled to that distinction. Cervantes was the first writer who formed the genuine romance of modern times on the model of the original chivalrous romance of the Middle Ages. The result has proved that modern literary style, however readily it may in other respects conform to the rules of the antique, nevertheless requires, in the narration of fictitious events, a certain union of poetry with prose, which was unknown to the Greeks and Romans at their height of creativity[citation needed]. It was only necessary to seize on the right tone, but that was a point of delicacy, which the inventors of romances of chivalry were not able to comprehend. Diego de Mendoza, in his Lazarillo de Tormes, departed too far from poetry. Cervantes, in his Don Quixote restored to the poetic art the place it was entitled to hold in this class of writing; and he must not be blamed if cultivated nations have subsequently mistaken the true spirit of this work, because their own novelists had led them to regard common prose as the style peculiarly suited to romance composition.

Don Quixote is, moreover, the undoubted prototype of the comic novel. The humorous situations are, it is true, almost all burlesque, which was certainly not necessary, but the satire is frequently so delicate, that it escapes rather than obtrudes on unpracticed attention; as for example, in the whole picture of the administration of Sancho Panza in his imaginary island. The language, even in the description of the most burlesque situations, never degenerates into vulgarity; it is on the contrary, throughout the whole work, so noble, correct and highly polished, that it would not disgrace even an ancient classic of the first rank[citation needed]. This explanation of a part of the merits of a work, which has been so often wrongly judged, may perhaps seem to belong rather to the eulogist than the calm and impartial historian. Let those who may be inclined to form this opinion study Don Quixote in the original language, and study it rightly, for it is not a book to be judged by a superficial perusal[citation needed]. But care must be taken lest the intervention of many subordinate traits, which were intended to have only a transient national interest, should produce an error in the estimate of the whole. By the 20th century it became clear that Don Quixote was the first true modern novel, a systemical and structural masterpiece.

Don Quixote is one of the Encyclopedia Britannica's "Great Books of the Western World" and the Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky called it "the ultimate and most sublime word of human thinking".

[edit] Novelas ejemplares

It would be scarcely possible to arrange the other works of Cervantes according to a critical judgment of their importance; for the merits of some consist in the admirable finish of the whole, while others exhibit the impress of genius in the invention, or some other individual feature.

A distinguished place must, however, be assigned to the Novelas[14] ejemplares ("Moral or Instructive Tales"). They are unequal in merit as well as in character. Cervantes doubtless intended that they should be to the Spaniards nearly what the novellas of Boccaccio were to the Italians, some are mere anecdotes, some are romances in miniature, some are serious, some comic, and all are written in a light, smooth, conversational style.

Four of them are perhaps of less interest than the rest: El amante liberal, La señora Cornelia, Las dos doncellas and La española inglesa. The theme common to these is basically the traditional one of the Byzantine novel: pairs of lovers separated by lamentable and complicated happenings are finally reunited and find the happiness they have longed for. The heroines are all of most perfect beauty and of sublime morality; they and their lovers are capable of the highest sacrifices, and they exert their souls in the effort to elevate themselves to the ideal of moral and aristocratic distinction which illuminates their lives.

In El amante liberal, to cite an example, the beautiful Leonisa and her lover Ricardo are carried off by Turkish pirates; both fight against serious material and moral dangers; Ricardo conquers all obstacles, returns to his homeland with Leonisa, and is ready to renounce his passion and to hand Leonisa over to her former lover in an outburst of generosity; but Leonisa's preference naturally settles on Ricardo in the end.

Another group of "exemplary" novels is formed by La fuerza de la sangre, La ilustre fregona, La gitanilla, and El celoso extremeño. The first three offer examples of love and adventure happily resolved, while the last unravels itself tragically. Its plot deals with the old Felipe Carrizales, who, after traveling widely and becoming rich in America, decides to marry, taking all the precautions necessary to forestall being deceived. He weds a very young girl and isolates her from the world by having her live in a house with no windows facing the street; but in spite of his defensive measures, a bold youth succeeds in penetrating the fortress of conjugal honor, and one day Carrizales surprises his wife in the arms of her seducer. Surprisingly enough he pardons the adulterers, recognizing that he is more to blame than they, and dies of sorrow over the grievous error he has committed. Cervantes here deviated from literary tradition, which demanded the death of the adulterers, but he transformed the punishment inspired by the social ideal of honour into a criticism of the responsibility of the individual.

Rinconete y Cortadillo, El casamiento engañoso, El licenciado Vidriera and El coloquio de los perros, four works of art which are concerned more with the personalities of the characters who figure in them than with the subject matter, form the final group of these stories. The protagonists are two young vagabonds, Rincón and Cortado; Lieutenant Campuzano; a student, Tomás Rodaja, who goes mad and believes himself to have been changed into a witty man of glass, offering Cervantes the opportunity to chain witty jokes; and finally two dogs, Cipión and Berganza, whose wandering existence serves as a mirror for the most varied aspects of Spanish life. Rinconete y Cortadillo is one of the most delightful of Cervantes' works. Its two young vagabonds come to Seville attracted by the riches and disorder that the sixteenth-century commerce with the Americas had brought to that metropolis. There they come into contact with a brotherhood of thieves led by the unforgettable Monipodio, whose house is the headquarters of the Sevillian underworld. Under the bright Andalusian sky, people and objects take form with the brilliance and subtle drama of a Velazquez, and a distant and discreet irony endows the figures, insignificant in themselves, as they move within a ritual pomp that is in sharp contrast with their morally deflated lives. When Monipodio appears, serious and solemn among his silent subordinates, "all who were looking at him performed a deep, protracted bow." Rincón and Cortado had initiated their mutual friendship beforehand "with saintly and praiseworthy ceremonies." The solemn ritual of this band of ruffians is all the more comic for being concealed in Cervantes' drily humorous style.

[edit] Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda

Frontispiece of Persiles and Segismunda.

The romance of Persiles and Sigismunda, which Cervantes finished shortly before his death, must be regarded as an interesting appendix to his other works. The language and the whole composition of the story exhibit the purest simplicity, combined with singular precision and polish. The idea of this romance was not new, and scarcely deserved to be reproduced in a new manner. But it appears that Cervantes, at the close of his glorious career, took a fancy to imitate Heliodorus. He has maintained the interest of the situations, but the whole work is merely a romantic description of travels, rich enough in fearful adventures, both by sea and land. Real and fabulous geography and history are mixed together in an absurd and monstrous manner; and the second half of the romance, in which the scene is transferred to Spain and Italy, does not exactly harmonize with the spirit of the first half.

[edit] Poetry

Some of his poems are found in La Galatea. He also wrote Dos canciones a la armada invencible. His best work, however, is found in the sonnets, particularly Al túmulo del rey Felipe en Sevilla. Among his most important poems, Canto de Calíope, Epístola a Mateo Vázquez, and the Viaje del Parnaso (Journey to Parnassus), (1614) stand out. The latter is his most ambitious work in verse, an allegory which consists largely of reviews of contemporary poets.

Compared to his ability as a novelist, Cervantes is often considered a mediocre poet, although he himself always harbored a hope that he would be recognized for having poetic gifts.

[edit] Viaje del Parnaso

Frontispiece of the Viaje (1614).
Frontispiece of the Viaje (1614).

The prose of the Galatea, which is in other respects so beautiful, is occasionally overloaded with epithet. Cervantes displays a totally different kind of poetic talent in the Viaje del Parnaso, a work which cannot properly be ranked in any particular class of literary composition, but which, next to Don Quixote, is considered by a few the most exquisite production of its author. Many critics, however, would argue with that, citing the Novelas ejemplares and the Entemeses as the finest examples of his work next to Don Quixote.

[edit] Plays

Comparisons have also diminished the reputation of his plays, but two of them, El trato de Argel and La Numancia, (1582), made a big impact and were not surpassed until Lope de Vega appeared.

The first of these is written in five acts; based on his experiences as a Moorish captive, Cervantes dealt with the life of Christian slaves in Algiers. The other play, Numancia is a description of the siege of Numantia by the Romans stuffed with horrors and described as utterly devoid of the requisites of dramatic art.

Cervantes's later production consists of 16 dramatic works, among which are eight full-length plays:

El gallardo español, Los baños de Argel, La gran sultana, Doña Catalina de Oviedo, La casa de los celos, El laberinto del jamon, the cloak and dagger play La Entretenida, El rufián dichoso, and finally, Pedro de Urdemalas, a sensitive play about a picaro who joins a group of Gypsies for love of a girl.

He also wrote eight short farces (entremeses) : El juez de los divorcios, El rufián viudo llamado Trampagos, La elección de los alcaldes de Daganzo, La guarda cuidadosa (The Vigilant Sentinel), El vizcaíno fingido, El retablo de las maravillas, La cueva de Salamanca, and El viejo celoso (The Jealous Old Man).

These plays and entremeses made up Ocho comedias y ocho entremeses nuevos, nunca representados (Eight Comedies and Eight New Interludes, Never Before Acted) , which appeared in 1615. Cervantes's entremeses, whose dates and order of composition are not known, must not have been performed in their time. Faithful to the spirit of Lope de Rueda, Cervantes endowed them with novelistic elements such as simplified plot, the type of description normally associated with the novel, and character development. The dialogue is sensitive and agile.

Cervantes includes some of his dramas among those productions with which he was himself most satisfied; and he seems to have regarded them with self-complacency in proportion to their neglect by the public. This conduct has sometimes been attributed to a spirit of contradiction, and sometimes to vanity. That the penetrating and profound Cervantes should have so mistaken the limits of his dramatic talent, would not be sufficiently accounted for, had he not unquestionably proved by his tragedy of Numantia how pardonable was the self-deception of which he could not divest himself.

Cervantes was entitled to consider himself endowed with a genius for dramatic poetry; but he could not preserve his independence in the conflict he had to maintain with the conditions required by the Spanish public in dramatic composition; and when he sacrificed his independence, and submitted to rules imposed by others, his invention and language were reduced to the level of a poet of inferior talent. The intrigues, adventures and surprises, which in that age characterized the Spanish drama, were ill suited to the genius of Cervantes. His natural style was too profound and precise to be reconciled to fantastical ideas, expressed in irregular verse. But he was Spaniard enough to be gratified with dramas, which, as a poet, he could not imitate; and he imagined himself capable of imitating them, because he would have shone in another species of dramatic composition, had the public taste accommodated itself to his genius.

====La Numancia====abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

Main article: La Numancia

This play is a dramatization of the long and brutal siege of the Celtiberian town Numantia, Hispania, by the Roman forces of Scipio Africanus.

Cervantes invented along with the subject of his piece a peculiar style of tragic composition, and in doing so, he did not pay much regard to the theory of Aristotle. His object was to produce a piece full of tragic situations, combined with the charm of the marvellous. In order to accomplish this goal, Cervantes relied heavily on allegory and on mythological elements.

The tragedy is written in conformity with no rules save those which the author prescribed to himself; for he felt no inclination to imitate the Greek forms. The play is divided into four acts, (jornadas) and no chorus is introduced. The dialogue is sometimes in tercets and sometimes in redondillas, and for the most part in octaves without any regard to rule.

[edit] Cervantes' historical importance and influence

Cervantes: Image from a 19th century German book on the history of literature
Cervantes: Image from a 19th century German book on the history of literature

Cervantes' novel Don Quixote has had a tremendous influence on the development of prose fiction; it has been translated into all modern languages and has appeared in 700 editions. The first translation was in English, made by Thomas Shelton in 1608, but not published until 1612. Shakespeare had evidently read Don Quixote, but it is most unlikely that Cervantes had ever heard of Shakespeare. Carlos Fuentes raised the possibility that Cervantes and Shakespeare were the same person (see Shakespearean authorship question). Francis Carr has suggested that Francis Bacon wrote Shakespeare's plays and Don Quixote.[15]

Don Quixote has been the subject of a variety of works in other fields of art, including operas by the Italian composer Giovanni Paisiello, the French Jules Massenet, and the Spanish Manuel de Falla; a tone poem by the German composer Richard Strauss; a German film (1933) directed by G. W. Pabst and a Soviet film (1957) directed by Grigori Kozintsev; a ballet (1965) with choreography by George Balanchine; and an American musical, Man of La Mancha (1965), by Dale Wasserman, Mitch Leigh, and Joe Darion.

Its influence can be seen in the work of Smollett, Defoe, Fielding, and Sterne, as well as in the classic 19th-century novelists Scott, Dickens, Flaubert, Melville, and Dostoevsky, and in the works of James Joyce and Jorge Luis Borges.The theme also inspired the 19th-century French artists Honoré Daumier and Gustave Doré.

The Euro coins of €0.10, €0.20 and €0.50 made for Spain bear his portrait and signature.

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The Circular Ruins

An experienced wizard retreats from the world to a location that possesses strong mystical powers: the circular ruins. There, the wizard has but one goal: to make another human beings from his own dreams. Sleeping and dreaming longer and longer each day, the magician dreams of his young man becoming educated, and becoming wiser. After time, though, the wizard can no longer find sleep, and he deems his first attempt an inevitable failure. After many sleepless nights, the wizard dreams of a heart; vaguely at first, but more and more clearly each night. Years pass and the wizard creates the boy piece by piece, in agonizing detail. The wizard calls upon the god Fire to bring his creation to life. Fire agrees, as long as the wizard accustoms his creation to the real world, and that only Fire and the wizard will be able to tell the creation from a real human. Before deciding to bring the young man into the world, the magician decides to abandon his hopes, and to sacrifice his life. As he ultimately walks into the flaming house of Fire, the wizards notices that his skin does not burn. "With relief, with humiliation, with terror, he understood that he too was a mere appearance, dreamt by another."

 


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Criticism With Reference to this Story
    Ana Maria Barrenechea   
Borges the Labyrinth Maker
    Carter Wheelock             Borges’ New Prose
    Emir Rodriguez-Monegal Symbols in Borges’ Work

No one saw him disembark in the unanimous night, no one saw the bamboo canoe sink into the sacred mud, but in a few days there was no one who did not know that the taciturn man came from the South and that his home had been one of those numberless villages upstream in the deeply cleft side of the mountain, where the Zend language has not been contaminated by Greek and where leprosy is infrequent. What is certain is that the grey man kissed the mud, climbed up the bank with pushing aside (probably, without feeling) the blades which were lacerating his flesh, and crawled, nauseated and bloodstained, up to the circular enclosure crowned with a stone tiger or horse, which sometimes was the color of flame and now was that of ashes. This circle was a temple which had been devoured by ancient fires, profaned by the miasmal jungle, and whose god no longer received the homage of men. The stranger stretched himself out beneath the pedestal. He was awakened by the sun high overhead. He was not astonished to find that his wounds had healed; he closed his pallid eyes and slept, not through weakness of flesh but through determination of will. He knew that this temple was the place required for his invincible intent; he knew that the incessant trees had not succeeded in strangling the ruins of another propitious temple downstream which had once belonged to gods now burned and dead; he knew that his immediate obligation was to dream. Toward midnight he was awakened by the inconsolable shriek of a bird. Tracks of bare feet, some figs and a jug warned him that the men of the region had been spying respectfully on his sleep, soliciting his protection or afraid of his magic. He felt a chill of fear, and sought out a sepulchral niche in the dilapidated wall where he concealed himself among unfamiliar leaves.

The purpose which guided him was not impossible, though supernatural. He wanted to dream a man; he wanted to dream him in minute entirety and impose him on reality. This magic project had exhausted the entire expanse of his mind; if someone had asked him his name or to relate some event of his former life, he would not have been able to give an answer. This uninhabited, ruined temple suited him, for it is contained a minimum of visible world; the proximity of the workmen also suited him, for they took it upon themselves to provide for his frugal needs. The rice and fruit they brought him were nourishment enough for his body, which was consecrated to the sole task of sleeping and dreaming.

At first, his dreams were chaotic; then in a short while they became dialectic in nature. The stranger dreamed that he was in the center of a circular amphitheater which was more or less the burnt temple; clouds of taciturn students filled the tiers of seats; the faces of the farthest ones hung at a distance of many centuries and as high as the stars, but their features were completely precise. The man lectured his pupils on anatomy, cosmography, and magic: the faces listened anxiously and tried to answer understandingly, as if they guessed the importance of that examination which would redeem one of them from his condition of empty illusion and interpolate him into the real world. Asleep or awake, the man thought over the answers of his phantoms, did not allow himself to be deceived by imposters, and in certain perplexities he sensed a growing intelligence. He was seeking a soul worthy of participating in the universe.

After nine or ten nights he understood with a certain bitterness that he could expect nothing from those pupils who accepted his doctrine passively, but that he could expect something from those who occasionally dared to oppose him. The former group, although worthy of love and affection, could not ascend to the level of individuals; the latter pre-existed to a slightly greater degree. One afternoon (now afternoons were also given over to sleep, now he was only awake for a couple hours at daybreak) he dismissed the vast illusory student body for good and kept only one pupil. He was a taciturn, sallow boy, at times intractable, and whose sharp features resembled of those of his dreamer. The brusque elimination of his fellow students did not disconcert him for long; after a few private lessons, his progress was enough to astound the teacher. Nevertheless, a catastrophe took place. One day, the man emerged from his sleep as if from a viscous desert, looked at the useless afternoon light which he immediately confused with the dawn, and understood that he had not dreamed. All that night and all day long, the intolerable lucidity of insomnia fell upon him. He tried exploring the forest, to lose his strength; among the hemlock he barely succeeded in experiencing several short snatchs of sleep, veined with fleeting, rudimentary visions that were useless. He tried to assemble the student body but scarcely had he articulated a few brief words of exhortation when it became deformed and was then erased. In his almost perpetual vigil, tears of anger burned his old eyes.

He understood that modeling the incoherent and vertiginous matter of which dreams are composed was the most difficult task that a man could undertake, even though he should penetrate all the enigmas of a superior and inferior order; much more difficult than weaving a rope out of sand or coining the faceless wind. He swore he would forget the enormous hallucination which had thrown him off at first, and he sought another method of work. Before putting it into execution, he spent a month recovering his strength, which had been squandered by his delirium. He abandoned all premeditation of dreaming and almost immediately succeeded in sleeping a reasonable part of each day. The few times that he had dreams during this period, he paid no attention to them. Before resuming his task, he waited until the moon's disk was perfect. Then, in the afternoon, he purified himself in the waters of the river, worshiped the planetary gods, pronounced the prescribed syllables of a mighty name, and went to sleep. He dreamed almost immediately, with his heart throbbing.

He dreamed that it was warm, secret, about the size of a clenched fist, and of a garnet color within the penumbra of a human body as yet without face or sex; during fourteen lucid nights he dreampt of it with meticulous love. Every night he perceived it more clearly. He did not touch it; he only permitted himself to witness it, to observe it, and occasionally to rectify it with a glance. He perceived it and lived it from all angles and distances. On the fourteenth night he lightly touched the pulmonary artery with his index finger, then the whole heart, outside and inside. He was satisfied with the examination. He deliberately did not dream for a night; he took up the heart again, invoked the name of a planet, and undertook the vision of another of the principle organs. Within a year he had come to the skeleton and the eyelids. The innumerable hair was perhaps the most difficult task. He dreamed an entire man--a young man, but who did not sit up or talk, who was unable to open his eyes. Night after night, the man dreamt him asleep.

In the Gnostic cosmosgonies, demiurges fashion a red Adam who cannot stand; as a clumsy, crude and elemental as this Adam of dust was the Adam of dreams forged by the wizard's nights. One afternoon, the man almost destroyed his entire work, but then changed his mind. (It would have been better had he destroyed it.) When he had exhausted all supplications to the deities of earth, he threw himself at the feet of the effigy which was perhaps a tiger or perhaps a colt and implored its unknown help. That evening, at twilight, he dreamt of the statue. He dreamt it was alive, tremulous: it was not an atrocious bastard of a tiger and a colt, but at the same time these two firey creatures and also a bull, a rose, and a storm. This multiple god revealed to him that his earthly name was Fire, and that in this circular temple (and in others like it) people had once made sacrifices to him and worshiped him, and that he would magically animate the dreamed phantom, in such a way that all creatures, except Fire itself and the dreamer, would believe to be a man of flesh and blood. He commanded that once this man had been instructed in all the rites, he should be sent to the other ruined temple whose pyramids were still standing downstream, so that some voice would glorify him in that deserted edifice. In the dream of the man that dreamed, the dreamed one awoke.

The wizard carried out the orders he had been given. He devoted a certain length of time (which finally proved to be two years) to instructing him in the mysteries of the universe and the cult of fire. Secretly, he was pained at the idea of being separated from him. On the pretext of pedagogical necessity, each day he increased the number of hours dedicated to dreaming. He also remade the right shoulder, which was somewhat defective. At times, he was disturbed by the impression that all this had already happened . . . In general, his days were happy; when he closed his eyes, he thought: Now I will be with my son. Or, more rarely: The son I have engendered is waiting for me and will not exist if I do not go to him.

Gradually, he began accustoming him to reality. Once he ordered him to place a flag on a faraway peak. The next day the flag was fluttering on the peak. He tried other analogous experiments, each time more audacious. With a certain bitterness, he understood that his son was ready to be born--and perhaps impatient. That night he kissed him for the first time and sent him off to the other temple whose remains were turning white downstream, across many miles of inextricable jungle and marshes. Before doing this (and so that his son should never know that he was a phantom, so that he should think himself a man like any other) he destroyed in him all memory of his years of apprenticeship.

His victory and peace became blurred with boredom. In the twilight times of dusk and dawn, he would prostrate himself before the stone figure, perhaps imagining his unreal son carrying out identical rites in other circular ruins downstream; at night he no longer dreamed, or dreamed as any man does. His perceptions of the sounds and forms of the universe became somewhat pallid: his absent son was being nourished by these diminution of his soul. The purpose of his life had been fulfilled; the man remained in a kind of ecstasy. After a certain time, which some chronicles prefer to compute in years and others in decades, two oarsmen awoke him at midnight; he could not see their faces, but they spoke to him of a charmed man in a temple of the North, capable of walking on fire without burning himself. The wizard suddenly remembered the words of the god. He remembered that of all the creatures that people the earth, Fire was the only one who knew his son to be a phantom. This memory, which at first calmed him, ended by tormenting him. He feared lest his son should meditate on this abnormal privilege and by some means find out he was a mere simulacrum. Not to be a man, to be a projection of another man's dreams--what an incomparable humiliation, what madness! Any father is interested in the sons he has procreated (or permitted) out of the mere confusion of happiness; it was natural that the wizard should fear for the future of that son whom he had thought out entrail by entrail, feature by feature, in a thousand and one secret nights.

His misgivings ended abruptly, but not without certain forewarnings. First (after a long drought) a remote cloud, as light as a bird, appeared on a hill; then, toward the South, the sky took on the rose color of leopard's gums; then came clouds of smoke which rusted the metal of the nights; afterwards came the panic-stricken flight of wild animals. For what had happened many centuries before was repeating itself. The ruins of the sanctuary of the god of Fire was destroyed by fire. In a dawn without birds, the wizard saw the concentric fire licking the walls. For a moment, he thought of taking refuge in the water, but then he understood that death was coming to crown his old age and absolve him from his labors. He walked toward the sheets of flame. They did not bite his flesh, they caressed him and flooded him without heat or combustion. With relief, with humiliation, with terror, he understood that he also was an illusion, that someone else was dreaming him.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Meaningful Dreams
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The God's Script (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)
   
The Zahir (Summary)


Other Stories With Theme of Undefined Reality
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Library of Babel (Summary)
   
The Lottery of Babylon (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
Theme of the Traitor and the Hero (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)


Criticism With Reference to this Story
   
Ana Maria Barrenechea   
Borges the Labyrinth Maker
    Carter Wheelock             Borges’ New Prose
    Emir Rodriguez-Monegal Symbols in Borges’ Work

 

The God's Script

Imprisoned, the last surviving member of a mystic religion passes his time by trying to remember every detail of his life. After years of this process, the man remembers an obscure bit of knowledge: when the gods created the world, they foresaw its demise, and they created a single sentence that could be uttered that would prevent the end of the world. The sentence is encoded somewhere on the earth, and it will never change. The man tries to fathom the possible places the message could appear: mountains, earth, on his own face, or even on the fur of the jaguar in the cell next to him--the message passed down from generation to generation of animals; always preserved. Certain that the jaguar is the key, and that he, being the last of his religion, is the one who is to interpret the code, the prisoner devotes all his time to solving the mystery. He dozes off, and notices a grain of sand in his cell. Later two, then three, and so forth until the sand is so deep that he is suffocating in it. As he was dying, someone said to him that escape from the dream was futile, since he could only return to a previous dream, which were equal in number to the grains of sand. The prisoner professed: "A sand of dreams cannot kill me nor are there dreams within dreams." He awakens, and is surrounded by rings of fire and ice. The mystery becomes clear to him, and he comes to understand the design on the jaguar's back. He understands the words that will make him omnipotent and immortal. Yet, he does not say them, for he has forgotten who he himself is, and he lets himself die in the prison.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Meaningful Dreams
   
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)
   
The Zahir (Summary)


Other Stories With Theme of Infinite Interpretation
   
Averroes' Search (Summary)
   
The Garden of Forking Paths (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library Of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Library Of Babel (Summary)
   
The Theologians (Summary)
   
Tlon, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius (Summary)

The Secret Miracle

Jaromir Hladik, scholar of linguistics and Judaism, dreams. He dreams that he is part of a generations-long chess game with unknown, but certainly severe consequences. He has come of age, and it is time for him to make his move. Shortly after Jaromir awakens from his slumber, he is taken away by the Germans, and is shortly to be executed. While in captivity, he images all the excruciatingly painful ways that he could possibly be executed; he is certain that if he imagines a method of death, it could not truly happen to him. Later, he realizes that his masterpiece is still incomplete, so he prays to God for one more year to finish his work. In a dream, God tells him that his wish has been granted. The next morning, Jeromir is led outside to be shot, and the guns are aimed at him. Minutes later, he realizes that the guns have not yet been fired. He opens his eyes and sees that everything is perfectly still. He comes to understand that his wish really has been granted his wish, and time is frozen for one year. While no record of his work can possibly be kept, Jaromir painstakingly edits and revises his play until it is perfect. At that exact moment, time unfreezes, and he is killed.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Meaningful Dreams    
    The Circular Ruins
(Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The God's Script (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)
   
The Zahir (Summary)


Other Stories With Theme of Undefined Reality
   
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Library of Babel (Summary)
   
The Lottery of Babylon (Summary)
   
Theme of the Traitor and the Hero (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)


Criticism With Reference to this Story
    Carter Wheelock            
Borges’ New Prose

The Waiting

A man checks into a hotel under the name Villari; the name of his enemy. While lodging there, he takes extreme measures to ensure that he is seen by no one. Very infrequently, he will see a movie, although he will still sit in the last row, and leave before the film reaches its entirety. Only once does he encounter another person, by bumping into them in the street. He pretends that he does not know the person, and returns to the solitude of the hotel. Many night, he dreams that he is found by his enemy, who is accompanied by two other men. While he sleeps, the pursuers shoot him. The sound of the gunshot wakes the false Villari from his dream, only to bring him back to the same bed and the same dream, over and over again. After a couple weeks pass, a knock finally comes on the door. Villari is faced with his executor and his two assistants. He lies in bed, and falls asleep, waiting to be once again saved by his recursive dreams.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Meaningful Dreams
   
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The God's Script (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
The Zahir (Summary)
   
The Zahir (Summary)


Other Stories With Theme of Undefined Reality
   
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Library of Babel (Summary)
   
The Lottery of Babylon (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
Theme of the Traitor and the Hero (Summary)

The Zahir

Towards the beginning of this very short story, Borges is at a bar. Upon receiving his change, he notices that he has a coin that he had never seen before. Instead of returning it, though, the ever-curious Borges kept it, and then eventually used it to make a purchase in the future. Weeks later, on a whim, Borges decides to research the coin to discover its origins. Success eludes Borges, but the mystery of this coin with its Tiger design continue to plague Borges mind—so much in fact that he becomes distracted from all the rest of his work. In a final attempt to purge his mind and his dreams of this coin, Borges happens upon another book, which does make reference of the coin. The book speaks of a mystical coin with a Tiger design that forever imprints itself into the beholder’s mind. So dangerous is the coin, the Zahir, that its former owner had thrown it into the sea to try and rid his mind of it. Nothing would work, however, and day by day, the beholder of the coin could remember less and less, except for the burning image of the coin, until only that image remains, and all other cognition is lost.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Meaningful Dreams
   
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The God's Script (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)


Criticism With Reference to this Story
    Carter Wheelock            
Borges’ New Prose

The Immortal

Towards the beginning of this story, some military refugees find their way to Borges’ camp. While they are exhausted and wounded almost to the point of death, they still manage to convey the story of a secret river whose water offers immortality. Intrigued, Borges takes a few loyal soldiers and some mercenaries on a search for the river. After weeks of fruitless searching, Borges’ troops plan mutiny, but he escapes, and continues his search alone. Before succumbing to death himself, Borges discovers a secret entrance in a mountain. The path inside leads into a giant labyrinth: rooms of seven doors each, with six of them leading backwards, and only one leading deeper into the maze. After a countless number of rooms, Borges finally finds his way out of the maze into an even more perplexing kingdom of mystery. He is convinced that this is the kingdom constructed by the immortals, although it is abandoned now. Borges therefore moves on to search for the immortals, and their secrets. Eventually he comes across a tribe of primitive men, who are incapable of language, speech, or hardly even movement. One night, it pours, and the rain stimulates the tribesmen to move out of their normal positions. At this point, Borges decides to try to make contact with one of them, and to teach him a couple basic words. After weeks of trial, however, the man whom Borges names Argos, after the dog of Ulysses, makes no progress. Finally, without any warning, Argos reveals that he can in fact speak. He professes to be the author of the Odyssey, Homer. Borges quickly comes to realize that Homer (Argos) and his fellow tribesmen, and even Borges himself, are the immortals. At this point, Borges ponders the many implications of being truly immortal, including the reality that an immortal will do everything eventually, and that time no longer has any relevance. After time, Borges and Argos part, and the former devotes his life to searching for the river that removes immortality. Eventually, he succeeds, and he dies a satisfying death.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Infinite Interpretation
   
Averroes' Search (Summary)
   
The Garden of Forking Paths (Summary)
   
The God's Script (Summary)
   
The Library Of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Library Of Babel (Summary)
   
The Theologians (Summary)
   
Tlon, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius (Summary)


Other Stories With Theme of Undefined Reality  
    The Circular Ruins
(Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Library of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Library of Babel (Summary)
   
The Lottery of Babylon (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
Theme of the Traitor and the Hero (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)


Criticism With Reference to this Story
    Jonathan Meades             
The Quest for Borges
    Luis Harss and Barbara Dohmann.        
                                            Jorge Luis Borges, or the Consolation by Philosophy
    Michael Wood                 Borges’s Surprise!
    Carter Wheelock             Borges’ New Prose

 

The Library of Babel

In this first-person narrative, Borges describes the Library of Babel-an indefinitely large collection of books of uniform format—the universe. The books are the basis for life for every individual in the library: interpreting the seemingly meaningless books is the occupation of many. Contained in the books are strings of letters that only great linguists (and wise oracles) can interpret. Of course, finding the one book that would explain all of the rest would make one an omnipotent god. On the other hand, for every one copy of the god book, there would be millions of near-perfect facsimiles, with only one or two words changed, but the whole meaning of the work reversed. A myriad of ontological questions are raised by this intentionally ambiguous story.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Infinite Interpretation
   
Averroes' Search (Summary)
   
The Garden of Forking Paths (Summary)
   
The God's Script (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library Of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Theologians (Summary)
   
Tlon, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius (Summary)


Other Stories With Theme of Undefined Reality
    
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Lottery of Babylon (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
Theme of the Traitor and the Hero (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)


Criticism With Reference to this Story
    Jonathan Meades            
The Quest for Borges
    Michael Wood                 Borges’s Surprise!
    Carter Wheelock             Borges’ New Prose

 

The Secret Miracle

Jaromir Hladik, scholar of linguistics and Judaism, dreams. He dreams that he is part of a generations-long chess game with unknown, but certainly severe consequences. He has come of age, and it is time for him to make his move. Shortly after Jaromir awakens from his slumber, he is taken away by the Germans, and is shortly to be executed. While in captivity, he images all the excruciatingly painful ways that he could possibly be executed; he is certain that if he imagines a method of death, it could not truly happen to him. Later, he realizes that his masterpiece is still incomplete, so he prays to God for one more year to finish his work. In a dream, God tells him that his wish has been granted. The next morning, Jeromir is led outside to be shot, and the guns are aimed at him. Minutes later, he realizes that the guns have not yet been fired. He opens his eyes and sees that everything is perfectly still. He comes to understand that his wish really has been granted his wish, and time is frozen for one year. While no record of his work can possibly be kept, Jaromir painstakingly edits and revises his play until it is perfect. At that exact moment, time unfreezes, and he is killed.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Meaningful Dreams    
    The Circular Ruins
(Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The God's Script (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)
   
The Zahir (Summary)


Other Stories With Theme of Undefined Reality
   
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Library of Babel (Summary)
   
The Lottery of Babylon (Summary)
   
Theme of the Traitor and the Hero (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)


Criticism With Reference to this Story
    Carter Wheelock            
Borges’ New Prose

Theme of the Traitor and the Hero

A story is told of a few Irish rebels. While plotting their newest campaign, the leader of the rebels is killed by one of his subordinates—one of his most trusted fellow rebels. Consequently, another one his friends tried to give him a message of his pending doom, but the message was ill received. Borges notes that the careful reader will notice the similarity between this story and that of Julius Ceasar. This is no coincidence. In fact, every event is history has its parallel in literature, and vice versa. All of history is simply a combination of repeating themes; in this case the theme of the traitor and the hero. What we perceive as free will is nothing of the sort; we are all just characters acting out one or more predetermined themes.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Undefined Reality
   
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Library of Babel (Summary)
   
The Lottery of Babylon (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
The Waiting (Summary)

The Waiting

A man checks into a hotel under the name Villari; the name of his enemy. While lodging there, he takes extreme measures to ensure that he is seen by no one. Very infrequently, he will see a movie, although he will still sit in the last row, and leave before the film reaches its entirety. Only once does he encounter another person, by bumping into them in the street. He pretends that he does not know the person, and returns to the solitude of the hotel. Many night, he dreams that he is found by his enemy, who is accompanied by two other men. While he sleeps, the pursuers shoot him. The sound of the gunshot wakes the false Villari from his dream, only to bring him back to the same bed and the same dream, over and over again. After a couple weeks pass, a knock finally comes on the door. Villari is faced with his executor and his two assistants. He lies in bed, and falls asleep, waiting to be once again saved by his recursive dreams.

 


Other Stories With Theme of Meaningful Dreams
   
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The God's Script (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
The Zahir (Summary)
   
The Zahir (Summary)


Other Stories With Theme of Undefined Reality
   
The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
   
The Circular Ruins (Summary)
   
The Immortal (Summary)
   
The Library of Babel (Full Text)
   
The Library of Babel (Summary)
   
The Lottery of Babylon (Summary)
   
The Secret Miracle (Summary)
   
Theme of the Traitor and the Hero (Summary)

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SOPHIA OF WISDOM III -

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In The Arms Of The Angel

Spend all your time waiting
For that second chance
For a break that would make it ok
There's always one reason
To feel not good enough
And it's hard at the end of the day

I need some distraction ooh beautiful release
Memory seeps from my vains
Let me be empty and weightless and maybe
I'll find some peace tonight

Chorus
In the arms of an angel
Fly away from here
From this dark cold hotel room
And the endlessness that you feel
You are pulled from the wreckage
Of your silent reverie
You're in the arms of the angel
May you find some comfort here

So tired of the straight line
And everywhere you turn
There are vultures and thieves at your back
And the storm keeps on twisting
You keep on building the lie
That you make up for all that you lack
It wont make no difference
Escaping one last time
It's easier to believe in this sweet madness oh
This glorious sadness that brings me to my knees

Chorus
You're in the arms of an angel
May you find some comfort here
Some comfort here

 
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SOPHIA OF WISDOM III -

THERE IS NO LIE IN THE TRUTH AND NO TRUTH IN A LIE
BY
SOPHIA CAROLINA KENNEDIA
THE HOLY GOSPEL

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III -

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III -